Document
Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
______________________________________________________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number 001-08604
http://api.tenkwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=12894699&doc=12
TEAM, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
 
 
Delaware
 
74-1765729
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
13131 Dairy Ashford, Suite 600, Sugar Land, Texas
 
77478
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
 
 
(281) 331-6154
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
 
 
 
None
(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
¨
 
Accelerated filer
 
þ
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨
 
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  ¨     No  þ


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.30 par value
TISI
New York Stock Exchange

The Registrant had 30,247,792 shares of common stock, par value $0.30, outstanding as of May 2, 2019.
 


Table of Contents

INDEX
 
 
 
Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
 


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PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
15,084

 
$
18,288

Receivables, net of allowance of $14,483 and $15,182
244,306

 
268,352

Inventory
49,501

 
48,540

Income tax receivable
5

 
331

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
24,532

 
19,445

Total current assets
333,428

 
354,956

Property, plant and equipment, net
192,567

 
194,794

Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $86,060 and $82,406
127,701

 
131,372

Operating lease right-of-use assets
67,651

 

Goodwill
281,655

 
281,650

Other assets, net
7,079

 
7,397

Deferred income taxes
8,035

 
7,652

Total assets
$
1,018,116

 
$
977,821

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations
292

 
569

Current portion of operating lease obligations
17,667

 

Accounts payable
48,631

 
44,074

Other accrued liabilities
86,124

 
95,308

Total current liabilities
152,714

 
139,951

Deferred income taxes
5,712

 
6,106

Long-term debt and finance lease obligations
354,503

 
356,814

Operating lease obligations
54,951

 

Defined benefit pension liability
10,596

 
10,940

Other long-term liabilities
3,423

 
6,910

Total liabilities
581,899

 
520,721

Commitments and contingencies

 

Equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, 500,000 shares authorized, none issued

 

Common stock, par value $0.30 per share, 60,000,000 shares authorized; 30,247,162 and 30,184,330 shares issued, respectively
9,072

 
9,053

Additional paid-in capital
403,063

 
400,989

Retained earnings
56,455

 
81,450

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(32,373
)
 
(34,392
)
Total equity
436,217

 
457,100

Total liabilities and equity
$
1,018,116

 
$
977,821


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
(Revised)
Revenues
$
269,599

 
$
302,385

Operating expenses
203,652

 
226,851

Gross margin
65,947

 
75,534

Selling, general and administrative expenses
82,267

 
89,659

Restructuring and other related charges, net
208

 

Operating loss
(16,528
)
 
(14,125
)
Interest expense, net
7,425

 
7,597

Gain on convertible debt embedded derivative (see Note 8)

 
(4,547
)
Other (income) expense, net
(58
)
 
47

Loss before income taxes
(23,895
)
 
(17,222
)
Less: Provision (benefit) for income taxes
333

 
(4,958
)
Net loss
$
(24,228
)
 
$
(12,264
)
 
 
 
 
Loss per common share:
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.80
)
 
$
(0.41
)
Diluted
$
(0.80
)
 
$
(0.41
)

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
(Revised)
Net loss
$
(24,228
)
 
$
(12,264
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before tax:
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
1,809

 
(126
)
Foreign currency hedge
279

 
(421
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax
2,088

 
(547
)
Tax (provision) benefit attributable to other comprehensive income (loss)
(69
)
 
230

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
2,019

 
(317
)
Total comprehensive loss
$
(22,209
)
 
$
(12,581
)
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


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TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands)
 
Common
Shares
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
Balance at January 1, 2019
30,184

 
$
9,053

 
$
400,989

 
$
81,450

 
$
(34,392
)
 
$
457,100

Adoption of new accounting principle

 

 

 
(767
)
 

 
(767
)
Net loss

 

 

 
(24,228
)
 

 
(24,228
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax

 

 

 

 
1,809

 
1,809

Foreign currency hedge, net of tax

 

 

 

 
210

 
210

Non-cash compensation

 

 
2,434

 

 

 
2,434

Vesting of stock awards
63

 
19

 
(360
)
 

 

 
(341
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
30,247

 
$
9,072

 
$
403,063

 
$
56,455

 
$
(32,373
)
 
$
436,217

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2018
29,953

 
$
8,984

 
$
352,500

 
$
135,486

 
$
(19,796
)
 
$
477,174

Adoption of new accounting principle

 

 

 
6,780

 

 
6,780

Net loss

 

 

 
(12,264
)
 

 
(12,264
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax

 

 

 

 
(2
)
 
(2
)
Foreign currency hedge, net of tax

 

 

 

 
(315
)
 
(315
)
Non-cash compensation

 

 
2,420

 

 

 
2,420

Vesting of stock awards
34

 
10

 
(235
)
 

 

 
(225
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
29,987

 
$
8,994

 
$
354,685

 
$
130,002

 
$
(20,113
)
 
$
473,568


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.



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TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
(Revised)
Net loss
$
(24,228
)
 
$
(12,264
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
12,271

 
16,455

Amortization of deferred loan costs and debt discount
1,860

 
1,668

Provision for doubtful accounts
637

 
2,422

Foreign currency (gain) loss
(87
)
 
412

Deferred income taxes
(771
)
 
(7,225
)
Loss on asset disposal
140

 
44

Gain on convertible debt embedded derivative

 
(4,547
)
Non-cash compensation cost
2,434

 
2,420

Other, net
(567
)
 
(1,025
)
(Increase) decrease:
 
 
 
Receivables
24,060

 
11,674

Inventory
(850
)
 
(1,904
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
(5,073
)
 
(4,381
)
Increase (decrease):
 
 
 
Accounts payable
4,493

 
(6,922
)
Other accrued liabilities
(7,039
)
 
506

Income taxes
348

 
4,818

Net cash provided by operating activities
7,628

 
2,151

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(6,610
)
 
(5,487
)
Proceeds from disposal of assets
47

 
18

Other
47

 
(436
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(6,516
)
 
(5,905
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Net payments under revolving credit agreement
(3,550
)
 
(2,630
)
Contingent consideration payments
(428
)
 
(668
)
Debt issuance costs on Credit Facility

 
(855
)
Payments related to withholding tax for share-based payment arrangements
(342
)
 
(225
)
Other
(72
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities
(4,392
)
 
(4,378
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
76

 
(237
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(3,204
)
 
(8,369
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
18,288

 
26,552

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
15,084

 
$
18,183


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND PRACTICES
Description of business. Unless otherwise indicated, the terms “Team, Inc.,” “Team,” “the Company,” “we,” “our” and “us” are used in this report to refer to Team, Inc., to one or more of our consolidated subsidiaries or to all of them taken as a whole. We are a leading global provider of specialized industrial services, including inspection, engineering assessment and mechanical repair and remediation required in maintaining high temperature and high pressure piping systems and vessels that are utilized extensively in the refining, petrochemical, power, pipeline, aerospace and other heavy industries. We conduct operations in three segments: Inspection and Heat Treating (“IHT”), Mechanical Services (“MS”) and Quest Integrity (“Quest Integrity”). Through the capabilities and resources in these three segments, we believe that Team is uniquely qualified to provide integrated solutions involving in their most basic form: inspection to assess condition, engineering assessment to determine fitness for purpose in the context of industry standards and regulatory codes and mechanical services to repair, rerate or replace based upon the client’s election. In addition, our Company is capable of escalating with the client’s needs—as dictated by the severity of the damage found and the related operating conditions—from standard services to some of the most advanced services and integrated integrity management and asset reliability solutions available in the industry. We also believe that Team is unique in its ability to provide services in three distinct client demand profiles: (i) turnaround or project services, (ii) call-out services and (iii) nested or run-and-maintain services.
IHT provides standard and advanced non-destructive testing (“NDT”) services for the process, pipeline and power sectors, pipeline integrity management services, field heat treating services, as well as associated engineering and assessment services. These services can be offered while facilities are running (on-stream), during facility turnarounds or during new construction or expansion activities.
MS provides primarily call-out and turnaround services under both on-stream and off-line/shut down circumstances. Turnaround services are project-related and demand is a function of the number and scope of scheduled and unscheduled facility turnarounds as well as new industrial facility construction or expansion activities. The turnaround and call-out services MS provides include field machining, technical bolting, field valve repair and isolation test plugging services. On-stream services offered by MS represent the services offered while plants are operating and under pressure. These services include leak repair, fugitive emissions control and hot tapping.
Quest Integrity provides integrity and reliability management solutions for the process, pipeline and power sectors. These solutions encompass three broadly-defined disciplines: (1) highly specialized in-line inspection services for unpiggable process piping and pipelines using proprietary in-line inspection tools and analytical software, (2) advanced engineering and condition assessment services through a multi-disciplined engineering team and (3) advanced digital imaging including remote digital video imaging, laser scanning and laser profilometry-enabled reformer care services.
We offer these services globally through over 200 locations in 20 countries throughout the world with more than 7,200 employees. We market our services to companies in a diverse array of heavy industries which include the petrochemical, refining, power, pipeline, steel, pulp and paper industries, as well as municipalities, shipbuilding, original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), distributors, and some of the world’s largest engineering and construction firms.
Basis for presentation. These interim financial statements are unaudited, but in the opinion of our management, reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of results for such periods. The condensed consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2018 is derived from the December 31, 2018 audited consolidated financial statements. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. Certain disclosures have been condensed or omitted from the interim financial statements included in this report. Therefore, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “2018 Form 10-K”) for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Use of estimates. Our accounting policies conform to Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States (“GAAP”). The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect our reported financial position and results of operations. We review significant estimates and judgments affecting our consolidated financial statements on a recurring basis and record the effect of any necessary adjustments prior to their publication. Estimates and judgments are based on information available at the time such estimates and judgments are made. Adjustments made with respect to the use of these estimates and judgments often relate to information not previously available. Uncertainties with respect to such estimates and judgments are inherent in the preparation of financial statements. Estimates and judgments are used in, among other things, (1) aspects of revenue recognition, (2) valuation of acquisition related tangible and intangible assets and assessments of all long-lived assets for possible impairment, (3) estimating various factors used to accrue

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liabilities for workers’ compensation, auto, medical and general liability, (4) establishing an allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable, (5) estimating the useful lives of our assets, (6) assessing future tax exposure and the realization of tax assets, (7) the valuation of the embedded derivative liability in our convertible debt and (8) selecting assumptions used in the measurement of costs and liabilities associated with defined benefit pension plans.
Fair value of financial instruments. Our financial instruments consist primarily of cash, cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and debt obligations. The carrying amount of cash, cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable and trade accounts payable are representative of their respective fair values due to the short-term maturity of these instruments. The fair value of our credit facility is representative of the carrying value based upon the variable terms and management’s opinion that the current rates available to us with the same maturity and security structure are equivalent to that of the banking facility. The fair value of our convertible senior notes as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 is $250.7 million and $231.5 million, respectively (inclusive of the fair value of the conversion option) and is a “Level 2” (as defined in Note 11) measurement, determined based on the observed trading price of these instruments.
Goodwill and intangible assets. Goodwill and intangible assets acquired in a business combination and determined to have an indefinite useful life are not amortized, but are instead tested for impairment at least annually in accordance with the provisions of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350 Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (“ASC 350”). Intangible assets with estimated useful lives are amortized over their respective estimated useful lives to their estimated residual values and reviewed for impairment in accordance with ASC 350. We assess goodwill for impairment at the reporting unit level, which we have determined to be the same as our operating segments. Each reporting unit has goodwill relating to past acquisitions.
Our goodwill annual test date is December 1. We measure goodwill impairment losses as the amount by which the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. We performed our most recent annual impairment test as of December 1, 2018 and concluded that there was no impairment based upon a qualitative assessment to determine if it was more likely than not (that is, a likelihood of more than 50 percent) that the fair values of the reporting units were less than their respective carrying values as of the reporting date. There have been no events that have required an interim assessment of the carrying value of goodwill during 2019.
There was $281.7 million of goodwill at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. A rollforward of goodwill for the three months ended March 31, 2019 is as follows (in thousands): 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2019
 
(unaudited)
 
IHT
 
MS
 
Quest Integrity
 
Total
Balance at beginning of period
$
192,608

 
$
55,627

 
$
33,415

 
$
281,650

Foreign currency adjustments
203

 
(207
)
 
9

 
5

Balance at end of period
$
192,811

 
$
55,420

 
$
33,424

 
$
281,655

There was $75.2 million of accumulated impairment losses at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, comprised of $21.1 million and $54.1 million for IHT and MS, respectively, which relate to impairment losses recognized in the third quarter of 2017.
Allowance for doubtful accounts. In the ordinary course of business, a portion of our accounts receivable are not collected due to billing disputes, customer bankruptcies, dissatisfaction with the services we performed and other various reasons. We establish an allowance to account for those accounts receivable that we estimate will eventually be deemed uncollectible. The allowance for doubtful accounts is based on a combination of our historical experience and management’s review of long outstanding accounts receivable.
Concentration of credit risk. No single customer accounts for more than 10% of consolidated revenues.
Earnings (loss) per share. Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to Team stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to Team stockholders by the sum of (1) the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period, (2) the dilutive effect of the assumed exercise of share-based compensation using the treasury stock method and (3) the dilutive effect of the assumed conversion of our convertible senior notes under the treasury stock method. The Company’s intent is to settle the principal amount of the convertible senior notes in cash upon conversion. If the conversion value exceeds the principal amount, the Company may elect to deliver shares of its common stock with respect to the remainder of its conversion obligation in excess of the aggregate principal amount (the “conversion spread”). Accordingly,

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the conversion spread is included in the denominator for the computation of diluted earnings per common share using the treasury stock method.

Amounts used in basic and diluted loss per share, for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, are as follows (in thousands): 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Weighted-average number of basic shares outstanding
30,228

 
29,974

Stock options, stock units and performance awards

 

Convertible Senior Notes

 

Total shares and dilutive securities
30,228

 
29,974

For both the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, all outstanding share-based compensation awards were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share because their inclusion would be antidilutive due to the net loss in those periods. Also, for both the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the convertible senior notes were excluded from diluted loss per share because the conversion price exceeded the average price of our common stock during those periods. For information on our convertible senior notes and our share-based compensation awards, refer to Note 8 and Note 12, respectively.
Revision to prior period consolidated financial statements. As noted in the previously issued 2018 Form 10-K, the Company identified errors in its previously issued 2018 unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018. These prior period errors are related to the measurement of valuation allowances on deferred tax assets. The prior period condensed consolidated financial statements and other affected prior period financial information have been revised to correct these errors. The effect of correcting the errors increased our income tax benefit and favorably impacted our net loss by $5.6 million in the three months ended March 31, 2018. Based on an analysis of quantitative and qualitative factors, the Company determined the related impacts were not material to its previously filed annual or interim consolidated financial statements, and therefore, amendments of previously filed reports are not required.
The table below provides a summary of the financial statement line items which were impacted by these error corrections (in thousands, except per share data):
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
 
As Previously Reported
 
Adjustments
 
As Revised
 
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Effect on condensed consolidated statement of operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes
 
$
623

 
$
(5,581
)
 
$
(4,958
)
Net loss
 
$
(17,845
)
 
$
5,581

 
$
(12,264
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
(0.60
)
 
0.19

 
$
(0.41
)
Diluted
 
$
(0.60
)
 
0.19

 
$
(0.41
)
Newly Adopted Accounting Principles
Topic 842 - Leases. In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (“ASU 2016-02”), which establishes ASC Topic 842, Leases (“ASC 842”), replaced previous lease accounting guidance along with subsequent ASUs issued in 2018 to clarify certain provisions of ASU 2016-02. ASC 842 changes the accounting for leases, including a requirement to record leases with terms of greater than twelve months on the balance sheet as assets and liabilities. ASC 842 also requires us to expand our financial statement disclosures on leasing activities.
We adopted Topic 842 effective January 1, 2019 and elected the modified retrospective transition method, which specified the comparative financial information will not be restated and will continue to be reported under the lease standard in effect during those periods. We elected the “package of practical expedients,” which permits us not to reassess under the new standard our prior conclusions on lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs. We also elected the short-term lease recognition

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practical expedient in which leases with a term of 12 months or less will not be recognized on the balance sheet and the practical expedient to not separate lease and non-lease components for the majority of our leases. We did not elect the hindsight practical expedient.

The impact of Topic 842 on our consolidated balance sheet beginning January 1, 2019 was the recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for operating leases, while our accounting for finance leases remained substantially unchanged. The cumulative effect of adoption on January 1, 2019 resulted in a $0.8 million decrease, net of tax, to beginning retained earnings. The adoption of ASC 842 did not result in any material impacts to our statements of operations or statements of cash flows. Amounts recognized at January 1, 2019 for operating leases were as follows (in thousands):
 
January 1, 2019
 
(unaudited)
Operating lease right-of-use assets
$
66,555

Current portion of operating lease obligations
17,770

Operating lease obligations (non-current)
54,477


Accounting Principles Not Yet Adopted

ASU No. 2016-13. In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments–Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”), which amends GAAP by introducing a new impairment model for financial instruments that is based on expected credit losses rather than incurred credit losses. The new impairment model applies to most financial assets, including trade accounts receivable. ASU 2016-13 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and requires a modified retrospective transition approach. We are currently evaluating the impact this ASU will have on our ongoing financial reporting.

2. REVENUE
In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, we follow a five-step process to recognize revenue: 1) identify the contract with the customer, 2) identify the performance obligations, 3) determine the transaction price, 4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations and 5) recognize revenue when the performance obligations are satisfied.
Most of our contracts with customers are short-term in nature and billed on a time and materials basis, while certain other contracts are at a fixed price. Certain contracts may contain a combination of fixed and variable elements. We act as a principal and have performance obligations to provide the service itself or oversee the services provided by any subcontractors. Revenue is measured based on consideration specified in a contract with a customer and excludes amounts collected on behalf of third parties, such as taxes assessed by governmental authorities. In contracts where the amount of consideration is variable, we consider our experience with similar contracts in estimating the amount to which we will be entitled and recognize revenues accordingly. As most of our contracts contain only one performance obligation, the allocation of a contract’s transaction price to multiple performance obligations is generally not applicable. Customers are generally billed as we satisfy our performance obligations and payment terms typically range from 30 to 90 days from the invoice date. Billings under certain fixed-price contracts may be based upon the achievement of specified milestones, while some arrangements may require advance customer payment. Our contracts do not include significant financing components since the contracts typically span less than one year. Contracts generally include an assurance type warranty clause to guarantee that the services comply with agreed specifications. The warranty period typically is 12 months or less from the date of service. Warranty expenses were not material for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
Revenue is recognized as (or when) the performance obligations are satisfied by transferring control over a service or product to the customer. Revenue recognition guidance prescribes two recognition methods (over time or point in time). Most of our performance obligations qualify for recognition over time because we typically perform our services on customer facilities or assets and customers receive the benefits of our services as we perform. Where a performance obligation is satisfied over time, the related revenue is also recognized over time using the method deemed most appropriate to reflect the measure of progress and transfer of control. For our time and materials contracts, we are generally able to elect the right-to-invoice practical expedient, which permits us to recognize revenue in the amount to which we have a right to invoice the customer if that amount corresponds directly with the value to the customer of our performance completed to date. For our fixed price contracts, we typically recognize revenue using the cost-to-cost method, which measures the extent of progress towards completion based on the ratio of costs incurred to date to the total estimated costs at completion of the performance obligation. Under this method, revenue is recognized

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proportionately as costs are incurred. For contracts where control is transferred at a point in time, revenue is recognized at the time control of the asset is transferred to the customer, which is typically upon delivery and acceptance by the customer.
Disaggregation of revenue. Essentially all of our revenues are associated with contracts with customers. A disaggregation of our revenue from contracts with customers by geographic region, by reportable operating segment and by service type is presented below (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
United States and Canada
 
Other Countries
 
Total
 
United States and Canada
 
Other Countries
 
Total
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

IHT
$
123,620

 
$
3,436

 
$
127,056

 
$
148,210

 
$
3,209

 
$
151,419

MS
87,452

 
34,074

 
121,526

 
99,824

 
33,077

 
132,901

Quest Integrity
14,357

 
6,660

 
21,017

 
12,710

 
5,355

 
18,065

Total
$
225,429

 
$
44,170

 
$
269,599

 
$
260,744

 
$
41,641

 
$
302,385

 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
(unaudited)
 
Non-Destructive Evaluation and Testing Services1
 
Repair and Maintenance Services
 
Heat Treating
 
Other
 
Total
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IHT
$
102,936

 
$
362

 
$
18,793

 
$
4,965

 
$
127,056

MS

 
119,489

 
739

 
1,298

 
121,526

Quest Integrity
21,017

 

 

 

 
21,017

Total
$
123,953

 
$
119,851

 
$
19,532

 
$
6,263

 
$
269,599

 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
Non-Destructive Evaluation and Testing Services1
 
Repair and Maintenance Services
 
Heat Treating
 
Other
 
Total
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IHT
$
123,536

 
$
846

 
$
19,296

 
$
7,741

 
$
151,419

MS

 
131,199

 
504

 
1,198

 
132,901

Quest Integrity
18,065

 

 

 

 
18,065

Total
$
141,601

 
$
132,045

 
$
19,800

 
$
8,939

 
$
302,385

_________________
1
This service type is inclusive of the “Asset Integrity Management” and “Non-Destructive Evaluation” service types as disclosed in the Form 10-Q for the first quarter of 2018.
For additional information on our reportable operating segments and geographic information, refer to Note 15.
Contract balances. The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in trade accounts receivable, contract assets and contract liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets. Trade accounts receivable include billed and unbilled amounts currently due from customers and represent unconditional rights to receive consideration. The amounts due are stated at their net estimated realizable value. Refer to Notes 1 and 3 for additional information on our trade receivables and the allowance for doubtful accounts. Contract assets include unbilled amounts typically resulting from sales under fixed-price contracts when the cost-to-cost method of revenue recognition is utilized, the revenue recognized exceeds the amount billed to the customer and the right to payment is conditional on something other than the passage of time. Amounts may not exceed their net realizable value. If we receive advances or deposits from our customers, a contract liability is recorded. Additionally, a contract liability arises if items of variable consideration result in less revenue being recorded than what is billed. Contract assets and contract liabilities are generally classified as current.

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The following table provides information about trade accounts receivable, contract assets and contract liabilities as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Trade accounts receivable, net1
$
244,306

 
$
268,352

Contract assets2
$
6,748

 
$
5,745

Contract liabilities3
$
2,014

 
$
1,784

_________________
1    Includes billed and unbilled amounts, net of allowance for doubtful accounts. See Note 3 for details.    
2    Included in the “Prepaid expenses and other current assets” line on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
3    Included in the “Other accrued liabilities” line of the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
The $1.0 million increase in our contract assets from December 31, 2018 to March 31, 2019 is due to more fixed price contracts in progress at March 31, 2019 as compared to December 31, 2018. The $0.2 million increase in contract liabilities is due to the timing of our billings to customers and subsequent cash collections on fixed-price contracts. Due to the short-term nature of our contracts, contract liability balances as of the end of any period are generally recognized as revenue in the following quarter. Accordingly, essentially all of the contract liability balance at December 31, 2018 was recognized as revenue during the quarter ended March 31, 2019.
Contract costs. The Company recognizes the incremental costs of obtaining contracts as selling, general and administrative expenses when incurred if the amortization period of the asset that otherwise would have been recognized is one year or less. Assets recognized for costs to obtain a contract were not material as of March 31, 2019. Costs to fulfill a contract are recorded as assets if they relate directly to a contract or a specific anticipated contract, the costs generate or enhance resources that will be used in satisfying performance obligations in the future and the costs are expected to be recovered. Costs to fulfill recognized as assets primarily consist of labor and materials costs and generally relate to engineering and set-up costs incurred prior to the satisfaction of performance obligations begins. Assets recognized for costs to fulfill a contract are included in the “Prepaid expenses and other current assets” line of the condensed consolidated balance sheets and were not material as of March 31, 2019. Such assets are recognized as expenses as we transfer the related goods or services to the customer. All other costs to fulfill a contract are expensed as incurred.
Remaining performance obligations. As of March 31, 2019, there were no material amounts of remaining performance obligations that are required to be disclosed. As permitted by ASC 606, we have elected not to disclose information about remaining performance obligations where i) the performance obligation is part of a contract that has an original expected duration of one year or less or ii) when we recognize revenue from the satisfaction of the performance obligation in accordance with the right-to-invoice practical expedient.

3. RECEIVABLES
A summary of accounts receivable as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 is as follows (in thousands): 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Trade accounts receivable
$
182,487

 
$
207,266

Unbilled receivables
76,302

 
76,268

Allowance for doubtful accounts
(14,483
)
 
(15,182
)
Total
$
244,306

 
$
268,352


4. INVENTORY
A summary of inventory as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 is as follows (in thousands): 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Raw materials
$
8,887

 
$
8,448

Work in progress
4,472

 
3,900

Finished goods
36,142

 
36,192

Total
$
49,501

 
$
48,540


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5. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
A summary of property, plant and equipment as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 is as follows (in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Land
$
6,372

 
$
6,376

Buildings and leasehold improvements
57,906

 
57,006

Machinery and equipment
271,652

 
269,084

Furniture and fixtures
10,444

 
10,253

Capitalized Enterprise Resource Planning system development costs
46,637

 
46,637

Computers and computer software
17,127

 
15,826

Automobiles
4,736

 
4,879

Construction in progress
8,057

 
6,550

Total
422,931

 
416,611

Accumulated depreciation and amortization
(230,364
)
 
(221,817
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
$
192,567

 
$
194,794

Included in the table above is a building under finance lease of $5.2 million and accumulated amortization of $0.1 million as of March 31, 2019. Depreciation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was $8.6 million and $9.3 million, respectively.

6. INTANGIBLE ASSETS
A summary of intangible assets as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 is as follows (in thousands): 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Amount
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Amount
Customer relationships
$
174,909

 
$
(54,317
)
 
$
120,592

 
$
174,894

 
$
(51,160
)
 
$
123,734

Non-compete agreements
5,443

 
(5,015
)
 
428

 
5,433

 
(4,882
)
 
551

Trade names
24,723

 
(20,725
)
 
3,998

 
24,753

 
(20,594
)
 
4,159

Technology
7,838

 
(5,405
)
 
2,433

 
7,847

 
(5,187
)
 
2,660

Licenses
848

 
(598
)
 
250

 
851

 
(583
)
 
268

Total
$
213,761

 
$
(86,060
)
 
$
127,701

 
$
213,778

 
$
(82,406
)
 
$
131,372

Amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was $3.6 million and $7.2 million, respectively.


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7. OTHER ACCRUED LIABILITIES
A summary of other accrued liabilities as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 is as follows (in thousands): 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Payroll and other compensation expenses
$
47,764

 
$
47,988

Insurance accruals
15,452

 
16,001

Property, sales and other non-income related taxes
3,684

 
7,271

Lease commitments
37

 
1,145

Contract liabilities
2,014

 
1,784

Accrued commission
2,284

 
2,290

Accrued interest
2,522

 
5,261

Volume discount
3,508

 
4,322

Contingent consideration

 
429

Professional fees
1,433

 
1,219

Other
7,426

 
7,598

Total
$
86,124

 
$
95,308


8. LONG-TERM DEBT, LETTERS OF CREDIT AND DERIVATIVES
As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, our long-term debt is summarized as follows (in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Credit Facility
$
152,737

 
$
156,843

Convertible debt1
196,746

 
195,184

Finance lease obligations
5,312

 
5,356

Total long-term debt and finance lease obligations
354,795

 
357,383

Less: current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations
292

 
569

Total long-term debt and finance lease obligations, less current portion
$
354,503

 
$
356,814

_________________
1
Comprised of principal amount outstanding, less unamortized discount and issuance costs. See Convertible Debt section below for additional information.
Credit Facility
In July 2015, we renewed our banking credit facility (the “Credit Facility”). In accordance with the second amendment to the Credit Facility, which was signed in February 2016, the Credit Facility had a borrowing capacity of up to $600.0 million and consisted of a $400.0 million, five-year revolving loan facility and a $200.0 million five-year term loan facility. The swing line facility is $35.0 million. On July 31, 2017, we completed the issuance of $230.0 million of 5.00% convertible senior notes in a private offering (the “Offering,” which is described further below) and used the proceeds from the Offering to repay in full the then-outstanding term-loan portion of our Credit Facility and a portion of the outstanding revolving borrowings. Concurrent with the completion of the Offering and the repayment of outstanding borrowings discussed above, we entered into the sixth amendment to the Credit Facility, effective as of June 30, 2017, which reduced the capacity of the Credit Facility to a $300 million revolving loan facility, subject to a borrowing availability test (based on eligible accounts, inventory and fixed assets). The Credit Facility matures in July 2020, bears interest based on a variable Eurodollar rate option (LIBOR plus 3.00% margin at March 31, 2019) and has commitment fees on unused borrowing capacity (0.50% at March 31, 2019). The Credit Facility limits our ability to pay cash dividends. The Company’s obligations under the Credit Facility are guaranteed by its material direct and indirect domestic subsidiaries and are secured by a lien on substantially all of the Company’s and the guarantors’ tangible and intangible property (subject to certain specified exclusions) and by a pledge of all of the equity interests in the Company’s material direct and indirect domestic subsidiaries and 65% of the equity interests in the Company’s material first-tier foreign subsidiaries.
The Credit Facility contains financial covenants, which were amended in March 2018 pursuant to the seventh amendment (the “Seventh Amendment”) to the Credit Facility. The Seventh Amendment eliminated the ratio of consolidated funded debt to consolidated EBITDA (the “Total Leverage Ratio,” as defined in the Credit Facility agreement) covenant through the remainder of the term of the Credit Facility and also modified both the ratio of senior secured debt to consolidated EBITDA (the “Senior

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Secured Leverage Ratio,” as defined in the Credit Facility agreement) and the ratio of consolidated EBITDA to consolidated interest charges (the “Interest Coverage Ratio,” as defined in the Credit Facility agreement) as follows. The Company is required to maintain a maximum Senior Secured Leverage Ratio of not more than 3.50 to 1.00 as of March 31, 2019 and as of June 30, 2019 and not more than 2.75 to 1.00 as of September 30, 2019 and each quarter thereafter. With respect to the Interest Coverage Ratio, the Company is required to maintain a ratio of not less than 2.50 to 1.00 as of March 31, 2019 and each quarter thereafter. As of March 31, 2019, we are in compliance with the covenants in effect as of such date. The Senior Secured Leverage Ratio and the Interest Coverage Ratio stood at 2.63 to 1.00 and 2.78 to 1.00, respectively, as of March 31, 2019. At March 31, 2019, we had $15.1 million of cash on hand and had approximately $58 million of available borrowing capacity through our Credit Facility. As of March 31, 2019, we had $1.6 million of unamortized debt issuance costs that are being amortized over the life of the Credit Facility.
Our ability to maintain compliance with the financial covenants is dependent upon our future operating performance and future financial condition, both of which are subject to various risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain compliance with the Credit Facility covenants as of any future date. In the event we are unable to maintain compliance with our financial covenants, we would seek to enter into an amendment to the Credit Facility with our bank group in order to modify and/or to provide relief from the financial covenants for an additional period of time. Although we have entered into amendments in the past, there can be no assurance that any future amendments would be available on terms acceptable to us, if at all.
In order to secure our casualty insurance programs we are required to post letters of credit generally issued by a bank as collateral. A letter of credit commits the issuer to remit specified amounts to the holder, if the holder demonstrates that we failed to meet our obligations under the letter of credit. If this were to occur, we would be obligated to reimburse the issuer for any payments the issuer was required to remit to the holder of the letter of credit. We were contingently liable for outstanding stand-by letters of credit totaling $22.0 million at March 31, 2019 and $22.8 million at December 31, 2018. Outstanding letters of credit reduce amounts available under our Credit Facility and are considered as having been funded for purposes of calculating our financial covenants under the Credit Facility.

Convertible Debt

Description of the Notes

On July 31, 2017, we issued $230.0 million principal amount of 5.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023 (the “Notes”). The Notes, which are senior unsecured obligations of the Company, bear interest at rate of 5.0% per year, payable semiannually in arrears on February 1 and August 1 of each year, beginning on February 1, 2018. The Notes will mature on August 1, 2023 unless repurchased, redeemed or converted in accordance with their terms prior to such date. The Notes will be convertible at an initial conversion rate of 46.0829 shares of our common stock per $1,000 principal amount of the Notes, which is equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $21.70 per share. The conversion rate, and thus the conversion price, may be adjusted under certain circumstances as described in the indenture governing the Notes.
    
Holders may convert their Notes at their option prior to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding May 1, 2023, but only under the following circumstances:

during any calendar quarter commencing after the calendar quarter ending on December 31, 2017 (and only during such calendar quarter), if the last reported sale price of our common stock for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during a period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding calendar quarter is greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price on each applicable trading day;

during the five business day period after any five consecutive trading day period (the “measurement period”) in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of Notes for each trading day of such measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of our common stock and the conversion rate on such trading day;

if we call any or all of the Notes for redemption, at any time prior to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding the redemption date; or

upon the occurrence of specified corporate events described in the indenture governing the Notes.

On or after May 1, 2023 until the close of business on the business day immediately preceding the maturity date, holders may, at their option, convert their Notes at any time, regardless of the foregoing circumstances.


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The Notes are initially convertible into 10,599,067 shares of common stock. Because the Notes could be convertible in full into more than 19.99% of our outstanding common stock, we were required by the listing rules of the New York Stock Exchange to obtain the approval of the holders of our outstanding shares of common stock before the Notes could be converted into more than 5,964,858 shares of common stock. The Notes will be convertible into, subject to various conditions, cash or shares of the Company’s common stock or a combination of cash and shares of the Company’s common stock, in each case, at the Company’s election.

If holders elect to convert the Notes in connection with certain fundamental change transactions described in the indenture governing the Notes, we will, under certain circumstances described in the indenture governing the Notes, increase the conversion rate for the Notes so surrendered for conversion.
We may not redeem the Notes prior to August 5, 2021. We will have the option to redeem all or any portion of the Notes on or after August 5, 2021, if certain conditions (including that our common stock is trading at or above 130% of the conversion price then in effect for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive)), including the trading day immediately preceding the date on which the Company provides notice of redemption, during any 30 consecutive trading day period ending on, and including, the trading day immediately preceding the date on which the Company provides notice of redemption at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date.

Accounting Treatment of the Notes

As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Notes were recorded in our condensed consolidated balance sheets as follows (in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Liability component:
 
 
 
Principal
$
230,000

 
$
230,000

Unamortized issuance costs
(5,572
)
 
(5,834
)
Unamortized discount
(27,682
)
 
(28,982
)
Net carrying amount of the liability component1
$
196,746

 
$
195,184

 
 
 
 
Equity component:
 
 
 
Carrying amount of the equity component, net of issuance costs2
$
13,912

 
$
13,912

_________________
1
Included in the “Long-term debt” line of the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
2
Relates to the portion of the Notes accounted for under ASC 470-20 (defined below) and is included in the “Additional paid-in capital” line of the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Under ASC 470-20, Debt with Conversion and Other Options, (“ASC 470-20”), an entity must separately account for the liability and equity components of convertible debt instruments that may be settled entirely or partially in cash upon conversion (such as the Notes) in a manner that reflects the issuer’s economic interest cost. However, entities must first consider the guidance in ASC 815-15, Embedded Derivatives (“ASC 815-15”), to determine if an instrument contains an embedded feature that should be separately accounted for as a derivative. We applied this guidance as of the issuance date of the Notes and concluded that for the conversion feature for a portion of the Notes, we must recognize an embedded derivative under ASC 815-15, while the remainder of the Notes is subject to ASC 470-20.
The Company determined the portions of the Notes subject to ASC 815-15 and ASC 470-20 as follows. While the Notes are initially convertible into 10,599,067 shares of common stock, the occurrence of certain corporate events could increase the conversion rate, which could result in the Notes becoming convertible into a maximum of 14,838,703 shares. As of the issuance date of the Notes, 5,964,858 shares, or approximately 40% of the maximum number of shares, was authorized for issuance without shareholder approval, while 8,873,845 shares, or approximately 60%, would have been required to be settled in cash. Therefore, the Company concluded that embedded derivative accounting under ASC 815-15 was applicable to approximately 60% of the Notes, while the remaining 40% of the Notes was subject to ASC 470-20. We recorded the change in fair value of the embedded derivative liability in our results of operations through the shareholder approval date of May 17, 2018 and then reclassified the embedded derivative liability to stockholders’ equity at its May 17, 2018 fair value of $45.4 million during the second quarter of 2018. The related income tax effects of the reclassification charged directly to stockholders’ equity were $7.8 million. As a result of the reclassification to stockholders’ equity, the embedded derivative will no longer be marked to fair value each period. Gains

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on the embedded derivative liability recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations were $4.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018.
The following table sets forth interest expense information related to the Notes (dollars in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
2019
 
2018
Coupon interest
$
2,875

 
$
2,875

Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs
1,561

 
1,428

Total interest expense on convertible senior notes
$
4,436

 
$
4,303

 
 
 
 
Effective interest rate
9.12
%
 
9.12
%
As of March 31, 2019, the remaining amortization period for the debt discount and issuance costs is 52 months.
Derivatives and Hedging

ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC 815”), requires that derivative instruments be recorded at fair value and included in the balance sheet as assets or liabilities. The accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative instrument depends on the intended use of the derivative and the resulting designation, which is established at the inception date of a derivative. Special accounting for derivatives qualifying as fair value hedges allows derivatives’ gains and losses to offset related results on the hedged item in the statement of operations. For derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges, changes in fair value, to the extent the hedge is effective, are recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) until the hedged item is recognized in earnings. Hedge effectiveness is measured at least quarterly based on the relative cumulative changes in fair value between the derivative contract and the hedged item over time. Credit risks related to derivatives include the possibility that the counter-party will not fulfill the terms of the contract. We consider counterparty credit risk to our derivative contracts when valuing our derivative instruments.
Our borrowing of €12.3 million under the Credit Facility serves as an economic hedge of our net investment in our European operations as fluctuations in the fair value of the borrowing attributable to the U.S. Dollar/Euro spot rate will offset translation gains or losses attributable to our investment in our European operations. At March 31, 2019, the €12.3 million borrowing had a U.S. Dollar value of $13.8 million.
As discussed above, we previously recorded an embedded derivative liability for a portion of the Notes. In accordance with ASC 815-15, the embedded derivative instrument was recorded at fair value each period with changes in fair value reflected in our results of operations. No hedge accounting was applied. As a result of obtaining shareholder approval for the issuance of shares upon conversion of the Notes, we recorded the change in fair value of the embedded derivative liability in our results of operations through the shareholder approval date of May 17, 2018 and then reclassified the embedded derivative liability to stockholders’ equity at its May 17, 2018 fair value of $45.4 million during the second quarter of 2018. As a result of the reclassification to stockholders’ equity, the embedded derivative is no longer marked to fair value each period.

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The amounts recognized in other comprehensive income (loss), reclassified into income (loss) and the amounts recognized in income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, are as follows (in thousands): 
 
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss) to
Earnings
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Derivatives Classified as Hedging Instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net investment hedge
$
279

 
$
(421
)
 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
Derivatives Not Classified as Hedging Instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Embedded derivative in convertible debt
 
 
 
 
$

 
$
4,547

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
_________________
1    Reflected as “Gain on convertible debt embedded derivative” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The following table presents the fair value totals and balance sheet classification for derivatives designated as hedges and derivatives not designated as hedges under ASC 815 (in thousands): 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Classification
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair
Value
 
Classification
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair
Value
Derivatives Classified as Hedging Instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net investment hedge
Liability
 
Long-term debt
 
$
(4,183
)
 
Liability
 
Long-term debt
 
$
(3,904
)
Derivatives Not Classified as Hedging Instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Embedded derivative in convertible debt
Liability
 
Long-term debt
 
$

 
Liability
 
Long-term debt
 
$


9. LEASES

We determine if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating leases are included in “Operating lease right-of-use (‘ROU’) assets”, “operating lease liabilities” and “current portion of operating lease obligations” on our consolidated balance sheets. Finance leases are included in “property, plant and equipment, net”, “current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations” and “long-term debt and finance lease obligations” on our consolidated balance sheets.  

Operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date. As most of our leases do not provide an implicit rate, we use our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of future payments. The operating lease ROU asset also includes any lease payments made and excludes lease incentives and initial direct costs incurred. Our lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

We have lease agreements with lease and non-lease components for certain equipment, office, and vehicle leases. We have elected the practical expedient to not separate lease and non-lease components and account for both as a single lease component.

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We have operating and finance leases primarily for equipment, offices, and vehicles. Our leases have remaining lease terms of 1 year to 15 years, some of which may include options to extend the leases for up to 10 years, and some of which may include options to terminate the leases within 1 year.

The components of lease expense are as follows (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2019
 
(unaudited)
Operating lease costs
$
7,858

Finance lease costs:
 
Amortization of right-of-use assets
88

Interest on lease liabilities
81

Total lease cost
$
8,027


Other information related to leases are as follows (in thousands, except lease term and discount rate):
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2019
 
(unaudited)
Supplemental cash flow information:
 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
8,144

Operating cash flows from finance leases
135

Financing cash flows from finance leases
73

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations
 
Operating leases
6,468

Finance leases

Weighted average remaining lease term
 
Operating leases
6 years

Finance leases
15 years

Weighted average discount rate
 
Operating leases
8.4
%
Finance lease
6.2
%

As of March 31, 2019, future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable leases (excluding short-term leases) are as follows (in thousands):
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
Operating Leases
 
Finance Lease
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
2019 (excluding the three months ended March 31, 2019)
$
17,911

 
$
375

2020
18,517

 
500

2021
13,411

 
504

2022
11,182

 
524

2023
9,118

 
525

Thereafter
23,918

 
5,631

Total future minimum lease payments
94,057

 
8,059

Less: Interest
(21,439
)
 
(2,747
)
Present value of lease liabilities
$
72,618

 
$
5,312


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As of December 31, 2018, we disclosed the following future lease payments for non-cancellable operating and finance leases exceeding one year (in thousands):
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
Operating Leases
 
Finance Lease
2019
$
23,315

 
$
583

2020
16,858

 
500

2021
12,577

 
504

2022
9,873

 
524

2023
7,846

 
525

Thereafter
23,224

 
5,631

Total minimum lease payments
$
93,693

 
$
8,267

Less: Interest on finance leases
 
 
(2,911
)
Total principal payable on finance leases
 
 
$
5,356


Amounts recognized in the condensed consolidated balance sheet are as follows (in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
Operating Leases:
(unaudited)
Operating lease right-of-use assets
$
67,651

Current portion of operating lease obligations
17,667

Operating lease obligations (non-current)
54,951

 

Finance Leases:
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
$
5,155

Current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations
292

Long-term debt and finance lease obligations
5,020


As of March 31, 2019, we have no material additional operating and finance leases that have not yet commenced.

10. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS
We have a defined benefit pension plan covering certain United Kingdom employees (the “U.K. Plan”). In connection with the sale of the Company’s Norwegian operations in 2018, all assets and liabilities associated with the the defined benefit pension plan covering certain Norwegian employees (the “Norwegian Plan”) were transferred to the buyer. The schedule of net periodic pension credit includes only the U.K. Plan in 2019 and combined amounts from the Norwegian and U.K. Plans in 2018.
Net periodic pension credit includes the following components (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Service cost
$

 
$
24

Interest cost
593

 
601

Expected return on plan assets
(607
)
 
(970
)
Amortization of net actuarial loss
8

 

Net periodic pension credit
$
(6
)
 
$
(345
)

The expected long-term rate of return on invested assets is determined based on the weighted average of expected returns on asset investment categories for the U.K. Plan as follows: 3.25% overall, 5.77% for equities and 2.66% for debt securities. We expect to contribute $2.3 million to the U.K. Plan for 2019, of which $0.6 million has been contributed through March 31, 2019.


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11. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
We apply the provisions of ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement (“ASC 820”) which among other things, requires certain disclosures about assets and liabilities carried at fair value.
As defined in ASC 820, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. We utilize market data or assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk and the risks inherent in the inputs to the valuation technique. These inputs can be readily observable, market corroborated, or generally unobservable. We primarily apply the market approach for recurring fair value measurements and endeavor to utilize the best information available. Accordingly, we utilize valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The use of unobservable inputs is intended to allow for fair value determinations in situations in which there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability at the measurement date. We are able to classify fair value balances based on the observability of those inputs. ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy such that “Level 1” measurements include unadjusted quoted market prices for identical assets or liabilities in an active market, “Level 2” measurements include quoted market prices for identical assets or liabilities in an active market which have been adjusted for items such as effects of restrictions for transferability and those that are not quoted but are observable through corroboration with observable market data, including quoted market prices for similar assets, and “Level 3” measurements include those that are unobservable and of a highly subjective measure.
The following table sets forth, by level within the fair value hierarchy, our financial assets and liabilities that are accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. As required by ASC 820, financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement (in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
 
(unaudited)
 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Items (Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (Level 3)
 
Total
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Net investment hedge
$

 
$
(4,183
)
 
$

 
$
(4,183
)
 
December 31, 2018
 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Items (Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (Level 3)
 
Total
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration
$

 
$

 
$
429

 
$
429

Net investment hedge
$

 
$
(3,904
)
 
$

 
$
(3,904
)


There were no transfers in and out of Level 3 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
The fair value of contingent consideration liabilities classified in the table above were estimated using a discounted cash flow technique with significant inputs that are not observable in the market and thus represents a Level 3 fair value measurement as defined in ASC 820. The significant inputs in the Level 3 measurement not supported by market activity include a combination of actual cash flows and probability-weighted assessments of expected future cash flows related to the acquired businesses, appropriately discounted considering the uncertainties associated with the obligation, and as calculated in accordance with the terms of the acquisition agreements.

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The following table represents the changes in the fair value of Level 3 contingent consideration liabilities (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2019
 
(unaudited)
Balance, beginning of period
$
429

Foreign currency effects
(1
)
Payment
(428
)
Balance, end of period
$


12. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION
We have adopted stock incentive plans and other arrangements pursuant to which our Board of Directors (the “Board”) may grant stock options, restricted stock, stock units, stock appreciation rights, common stock or performance awards to officers, directors and key employees. At March 31, 2019, there were approximately 1.6 million restricted stock units, performance awards and stock options outstanding to officers, directors and key employees. The exercise price, terms and other conditions applicable to each form of share-based compensation under our plans are generally determined by the Compensation Committee of our Board at the time of grant and may vary.
Our share-based payments consist primarily of stock units, performance awards, common stock and stock options. In May 2018, our shareholders approved the 2018 Team, Inc. Equity Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan”), which replaced the 2016 Team, Inc. Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”). The 2018 Plan authorizes the issuance of share-based awards representing up to 450,000 shares of common stock, plus the number of shares remaining available for issuance under the 2016 Plan, plus the number of shares subject to outstanding awards under specified prior plans that may become available for reissuance in certain circumstances. Shares issued in connection with our share-based compensation are issued out of authorized but unissued common stock.
Compensation expense related to share-based compensation totaled $2.4 million and $2.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Share-based compensation expense reflects an estimate of expected forfeitures. At March 31, 2019, $21.2 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to share-based compensation is expected to be recognized over a remaining weighted-average period of 2.2 years.
Stock units are settled with common stock upon vesting unless it is not legally feasible to issue shares, in which case the value of the award is settled in cash. We determine the fair value of each stock unit based on the market price on the date of grant. Stock units generally vest in annual installments over four years and the expense associated with the units is recognized over the same vesting period. We also grant common stock to our directors, which typically vests immediately. Compensation expense related to stock units and director stock grants totaled $1.5 million and $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
Transactions involving our stock units and director stock grants during the three months ended March 31, 2019 are summarized below:
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2019
 
(unaudited)
 
No. of Stock
Units
 
Weighted
Average
Fair Value
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Stock and stock units, beginning of period
856

 
$
18.79

Changes during the period:
 
 
 
Granted

 
$

Vested and settled
(16
)
 
$
24.25

Cancelled
(26
)
 
$
18.86

Stock and stock units, end of period
814

 
$
18.67

We have a performance stock unit award program whereby we grant Long-Term Performance Stock Unit (“LTPSU”) awards to our executive officers. Under this program, the Company communicates “target awards” to the executive officers at the beginning

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of a performance period. LTPSU awards cliff vest with the achievement of the performance goals and completion of the required service period. Settlement occurs with common stock as soon as practicable following the vesting date. LTPSU awards granted in 2018 (the “2018 Awards”) and 2019 (the “2019 Awards”) are subject to a two-year performance period and a concurrent two-year service period. For the 2018 and 2019 Awards, the performance goals are separated into two independent performance factors based on (i) relative shareholder return (“RTSR”) as measured against a designated peer group and (ii) results of operations over the two-year performance period, with possible payouts ranging from 0% to 200% of the target awards for each of the two performance factors.
The RTSR and the stock price milestone factors are considered to be market conditions under GAAP. For performance units subject to market conditions, we determine the fair value of the performance units based on the results of a Monte Carlo simulation, which uses market-based inputs as of the date of grant to simulate future stock returns. Compensation expense for awards with market conditions is recognized on a straight-line basis over the longer of (i) the minimum required service period and (ii) the service period derived from the Monte Carlo simulation, separately for each vesting tranche. For performance units subject to market conditions, because the expected outcome is incorporated into the grant date fair value through the Monte Carlo simulation, compensation expense is not subsequently adjusted for changes in the expected or actual performance outcome. For performance units not subject to market conditions, we determine the fair value of each performance unit based on the market price of our common stock on the date of grant. For these awards, we recognize compensation expense over the vesting term on a straight-line basis based upon the performance target that is probable of being met, subject to adjustment for changes in the expected or actual performance outcome. Compensation expense related to performance awards totaled $0.9 million and $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Transactions involving our performance awards during the three months ended March 31, 2019 are summarized below:
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2019
 
(unaudited)
 
Performance Units Subject to Market Conditions
 
Performance Units Not Subject to Market Conditions
 
No. of Stock
Units1
 
Weighted
Average
Fair Value
 
No. of Stock
Units1
 
Weighted
Average
Fair Value
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Performance stock units, beginning of period
495

 
$
14.47

 
145

 
$
17.88

Changes during the period:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Granted
127

 
$
25.24

 
127

 
$
18.42

Vested and settled
(105
)
 
$
16.89

 
(35
)
 
$
25.40

Cancelled
(11
)
 
$
16.78

 
(12
)
 
$
23.66

Performance stock units, end of period
506

 
$
16.63

 
225

 
$
17.00

_________________
1
Performance units with variable payouts are shown at target level of performance.

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Table of Contents

We determine the fair value of each stock option at the grant date using a Black-Scholes model and recognize the resulting expense of our stock option awards over the period during which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the awards, usually the vesting period. Compensation expense related to stock options for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was not material. Our options typically vest in equal annual installments over a four-year service period. Expense related to an option grant is recognized on a straight line basis over the specified vesting period for those options. Stock options generally have a ten-year term. Transactions involving our stock options during the three months ended March 31, 2019 are summarized below:
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2019
 
(unaudited)
 
No. of
Options
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Shares under option, beginning of period
52

 
$
32.56

Changes during the period:
 
 
 
Granted

 
$

Exercised

 
$

Cancelled

 
$

Expired

 
$

Shares under option, end of period
52

 
$
32.56

Exercisable at end of period
52

 
$
32.56

Options exercisable at March 31, 2019 had a weighted-average remaining contractual life of 2.5 years and exercise prices ranged from $21.12 to $50.47.


13. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
A summary of changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss included within shareholders’ equity is as follows (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2019
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
 
Foreign
Currency
Hedge
 
Defined Benefit Pension Plans
 
Tax
Provision
 
Total
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
 
Foreign
Currency
Hedge
 
Defined Benefit Pension Plans
 
Tax
Provision
 
Total
Balance, beginning of period
$
(30,607
)
 
$
3,904

 
$
(7,859
)
 
$
170

 
$
(34,392
)
 
$
(21,366
)
 
$
3,246

 
$
(7,221
)
 
$
5,545

 
$
(19,796
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
1,809

 
279

 

 
(69
)
 
2,019

 
(126
)
 
(421
)
 

 
230

 
(317
)
Balance, end of period
$
(28,798
)
 
$
4,183

 
$
(7,859
)
 
$
101

 
$
(32,373
)
 
$
(21,492
)
 
$
2,825

 
$
(7,221
)
 
$
5,775

 
$
(20,113
)
The following table represents the related tax effects allocated to each component of other comprehensive income (loss) (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2019
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
Gross
Amount
 
Tax
Effect
 
Net
Amount
 
Gross
Amount
 
Tax
Effect
 
Net
Amount
Foreign currency translation adjustments
$
1,809

 
$

 
$
1,809

 
$
(126
)
 
$
124

 
$
(2
)
Foreign currency hedge
279

 
(69
)
 
210

 
(421
)
 
106

 
(315
)
Total
$
2,088

 
$
(69
)
 
$
2,019

 
$
(547
)
 
$
230

 
$
(317
)


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Table of Contents

14. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Con Ed Matter—We have, from time to time, provided temporary leak repair services to the steam system of Consolidated Edison Company of New York (“Con Ed”) located in New York City. In July 2007, a Con Ed steam main located in midtown Manhattan ruptured resulting in one death and other injuries and property damage. As of March 31, 2019, eighty-three lawsuits are currently pending against Con Ed, the City of New York and Team in the Supreme Court of New York, alleging that our temporary leak repair services may have contributed to the cause of the rupture, allegations which we dispute. The lawsuits seek generally unspecified compensatory damages for personal injury, property damage and business interruption. Additionally, Con Ed is alleging that our contract with Con Ed requires us to fully indemnify and defend Con Ed for all claims asserted against Con Ed including those amounts that Con Ed has paid to settle with certain plaintiffs for undisclosed sums as well as Con Ed’s own alleged damages to its infrastructure. Con Ed filed an action to join Team and the City of New York as defendants in all lawsuits filed against Con Ed that did not include Team and the City of New York as direct defendants. We are unable to estimate the amount of liability to us, if any, associated with these lawsuits. We maintain insurance coverage, subject to a deductible limit of $250,000, which we believe should cover these claims. We have not accrued any liability in excess of the deductible limit for the lawsuits. We do not believe the ultimate outcome of these matters will have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
Patent Infringement Matters—In December 2014, our subsidiary, Quest Integrity Group, LLC, filed three patent infringement lawsuits against three different defendants, two in the U.S. District of Delaware (the “Delaware Cases”) and one in the U.S. District of Western Washington (the “Washington Case”). Quest Integrity alleges that the three defendants infringed Quest Integrity’s patent, entitled “2D and 3D Display System and Method for Furnace Tube Inspection”. This Quest Integrity patent generally teaches a system and method for displaying inspection data collected during the inspection of furnace tubes in petroleum and petro-chemical refineries. The subject patent litigation is specific to the visual display of the collected data and does not relate to Quest Integrity’s underlying advanced inspection technology. In these lawsuits Quest Integrity is seeking temporary and permanent injunctive relief, as well as monetary damages. Defendants have denied they infringe any valid claim of Quest Integrity’s patent, and have asserted declaratory judgment counterclaims that the patent at issue is invalid and/or unenforceable, and not infringed. In June 2015, the U.S. District of Delaware denied our motions for preliminary injunctive relief in the Delaware Cases (that is, our request that the defendants stop using our patented systems and methods during the pendency of the actions). In March 2017, the judge in the Delaware Cases granted summary judgment against Quest Integrity, finding certain patent claims of the asserted patent invalid. In late 2018 and early 2019, Quest Integrity settled with two of the three defendants and has appealed the ruling in the Delaware Case with the remaining defendant.
We are involved in various other lawsuits and are subject to various claims and proceedings encountered in the normal conduct of business. In our opinion, any uninsured losses that might arise from these lawsuits and proceedings will not have a materially adverse effect on our consolidated financial statements.
We establish a liability for loss contingencies, when information available to us indicates that it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated.

15. SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC DISCLOSURES
ASC 280, Segment Reporting, requires us to disclose certain information about our operating segments where operating segments are defined as “components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.” We conduct operations in three segments: IHT, MS and Quest Integrity.

25

Table of Contents

Segment data for our three operating segments are as follows (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Revenues:
 
 
 
IHT
$
127,056

 
$
151,419

MS
121,526

 
132,901

Quest Integrity
21,017

 
18,065

Total
$
269,599

 
$
302,385


 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
IHT
$
1,721

 
$
6,740

MS
5,534

 
2,518

Quest Integrity
1,644

 
1,094

Corporate and shared support services
(25,427
)
 
(24,477
)
Total
$
(16,528
)
 
$
(14,125
)

 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Capital expenditures:
 
 
 
IHT
$
968

 
$
2,335

MS
1,963

 
1,656

Quest Integrity
1,328

 
621

Corporate and shared support services
2,351

 
875

Total
$
6,610

 
$
5,487

 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Depreciation and amortization:
 
 
 
IHT
$
4,502

 
$
4,805

MS
5,414

 
9,278

Quest Integrity
921

 
999

Corporate and shared support services
1,434

 
1,373

Total
$
12,271

 
$
16,455

Separate measures of Team’s assets by operating segment are not produced or utilized by management to evaluate segment performance.

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Table of Contents

A geographic breakdown of our revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 is as follows (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Total Revenues: 1
 
 
 
United States
$
206,108

 
$
233,376

Canada
19,321

 
27,368

Europe
28,496

 
28,225

Other foreign countries
15,674

 
13,416

Total
$
269,599

 
$
302,385

 ___________
1    Revenues attributable to individual countries/geographic areas are based on the country of domicile of the legal entity that performs the work.

16. RESTRUCTURING AND OTHER RELATED CHARGES (CREDITS)

Our restructuring and other related charges (credits), net for the three and three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 are summarized by program and by segment as follows (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
OneTEAM Program
 
 
 
Severance and related costs
 
 
 
IHT
$
102

 
$

MS
85

 

Quest Integrity

 

Corporate and shared support services
21

 

Subtotal
208

 

 
 
 
 
Grand Total
$
208

 
$

OneTEAM Program
In the fourth quarter of 2017, we engaged outside consultants to assess all aspects of our business for improvement and cost saving opportunities. In the first quarter of 2018, we completed the design phase of the project, known as OneTEAM, and entered in the deployment phase starting in the second quarter of 2018. As part of the OneTEAM Program, we decided to eliminate certain employee positions. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, we have incurred severance charges of $0.2 million. We have incurred $6.9 million of severance charges cumulatively to date. As the OneTEAM Program continues, we expect some additional employee positions may be identified and impacted, resulting in additional severance costs. We expect that the OneTEAM Program will be largely completed in the first half of 2019.

A rollforward of our accrued severance liability associated with this program is presented below (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2019
 
(unaudited)
Balance, beginning of period
$
2,283

Charges
208

Payments
(1,206
)
Balance, end of period
$
1,285


27

Table of Contents

ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Overview
Unless otherwise indicated, the terms “Team, Inc.,” “Team,” “the Company,” “we,” “our” and “us” are used in this report to refer to Team, Inc., to one or more of our consolidated subsidiaries or to all of them taken as a whole. We are incorporated in the State of Delaware and our company website can be found at www.teaminc.com. Our corporate headquarters is located at 13131 Dairy Ashford, Suite 600, Sugar Land, Texas, 77478 and our telephone number is (281) 331-6154. Our stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the symbol “TISI.”
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in Item 1 of this report, and the consolidated financial statements and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, including Contractual Obligations and Critical Accounting Policies, included in our Annual Report on the 2018 Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
We based our forward-looking statements on our reasonable beliefs and assumptions, and our current expectations, estimates and projections about ourselves and our industry. We caution that these statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that we cannot predict. In addition, we based many of these forward-looking statements on assumptions about future events that may prove to be inaccurate. We wish to ensure that such statements are accompanied by meaningful cautionary statements, so as to obtain the protections of the safe harbor established in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for us to predict all such risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Accordingly, forward-looking statements cannot be relied upon as a guarantee of future results and involve a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in the statements, including, but not limited to the statements under “Risk Factors.” We undertake no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required by law. Differences between actual results and any future performance suggested in these forward-looking statements could result from a variety of factors, including those listed beginning on page 8 of the 2018 Form 10-K.
General Description of Business
We are a leading global provider of specialized industrial services, including inspection, engineering assessment and mechanical repair and remediation required in maintaining high temperature and high pressure piping systems and vessels that are utilized extensively in the refining, petrochemical, power, pipeline, aerospace and other heavy industries. We conduct operations in three segments: Inspection and Heat Treating (“IHT”), Mechanical Services (“MS”) and Quest Integrity (“Quest Integrity”). Through the capabilities and resources in these three segments, we believe that Team is uniquely qualified to provide integrated solutions involving in their most basic form: inspection to assess condition, engineering assessment to determine fitness for purpose in the context of industry standards and regulatory codes and mechanical services to repair, rerate or replace based upon the client’s election. In addition, our Company is capable of escalating with the client’s needs—as dictated by the severity of the damage found and the related operating conditions—from standard services to some of the most advanced services and integrated integrity management and asset reliability solutions available in the industry. We also believe that Team is unique in its ability to provide services in three distinct client demand profiles: (i) turnaround or project services, (ii) call-out services and (iii) nested or run-and-maintain services.
IHT provides standard and advanced non-destructive testing (“NDT”) services for the process, pipeline and power sectors, pipeline integrity management services, field heat treating services, as well as associated engineering and assessment services. These services can be offered while facilities are running (on-stream), during facility turnarounds or during new construction or expansion activities.
MS provides primarily call-out and turnaround services under both on-stream and off-line/shut down circumstances. Turnaround services are project-related and demand is a function of the number and scope of scheduled and unscheduled facility turnarounds as well as new industrial facility construction or expansion activities. The turnaround and call-out services MS provides include field machining, technical bolting, field valve repair and isolation test plugging services. On-stream services offered by MS represent the services offered while plants are operating and under pressure. These services include leak repair, fugitive emissions control and hot tapping.
Quest Integrity provides integrity and reliability management solutions for the process, pipeline and power sectors. These solutions encompass three broadly-defined disciplines: (1) highly specialized in-line inspection services for unpiggable process piping and pipelines using proprietary in-line inspection tools and analytical software, (2) advanced engineering and condition

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assessment services through a multi-disciplined engineering team and (3) advanced digital imaging including remote digital video imaging, laser scanning and laser profilometry-enabled reformer care services.
We offer these services globally through over 200 locations in 20 countries throughout the world with more than 7,200 employees. We market our services to companies in a diverse array of heavy industries which include the petrochemical, refining, power, pipeline, steel, pulp and paper industries, as well as municipalities, shipbuilding, original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), distributors, and some of the world’s largest engineering and construction firms.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
In connection with the preparation of the Company’s 2018 consolidated financial statements, the Company identified errors in its previously issued 2018 unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements with respect to income taxes. The prior period condensed consolidated financial statements and other affected prior period financial information in this report have been revised to correct these errors. The Company determined the related impacts were not material to its previously filed annual or interim consolidated financial statements, and therefore, amendments of previously filed reports are not required. See Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.
The following table sets forth the components of revenue and operating income (loss) from our operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Increase
(Decrease)
 
2019
 
2018
 
$
 
%
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Revenues by business segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IHT
$
127,056

 
$
151,419

 
$
(24,363
)
 
(16.1
)%
MS
121,526

 
132,901

 
(11,375
)
 
(8.6
)%
Quest Integrity
21,017

 
18,065

 
2,952

 
16.3
 %
Total
$
269,599

 
$
302,385

 
$
(32,786
)
 
(10.8
)%
Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IHT
$
1,721

 
$
6,740

 
$
(5,019
)
 
(74.5
)%
MS
5,534

 
2,518

 
3,016