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Table of Content
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021

OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
    
Commission File Number 001-08604
https://cdn.kscope.io/27526533d81a628b8732b9e306f76cd5-tisi-20211231_g1.jpg
TEAM, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Delaware 74-1765729
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
13131 Dairy Ashford, Suite 600, Sugar Land, Texas
 77478
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
(281) 331-6154
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading SymbolName of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $0.30 par valueTISINew York Stock Exchange
Preferred Stock Purchase RightsN/ANew York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  þ
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer 
    ¨
  Accelerated Filer 
    þ
Non-accelerated filer 
    ¨
  Smaller reporting company 
    
Emerging growth company 
    
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes      No  þ
The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates on June 30, 2021 was approximately $146 million, determined using the closing price of shares of common stock on the New York Stock Exchange on that date of $6.70.
For purposes for the foregoing calculation only, all directors, executive officers, the Team, Inc. Salary Deferral Plan and Trust and known 10% or greater beneficial owners have been deemed affiliates.
The Registrant had 43,124,362 shares of common stock, par value $0.30, outstanding as of March 11, 2022.
Documents Incorporated by Reference
Portions of our Definitive Proxy Statement for the 2022 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.


Table of Content
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K INDEX
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Certain items required in Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K can be found in our 2022 Proxy Statement and are incorporated herein by reference. A copy of the 2022 Proxy Statement will be provided, without charge, to any person who receives a copy of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and submits a written request to Team, Inc., Attn: Corporate Secretary, 13131 Dairy Ashford, Suite 600, Sugar Land, Texas 77478.
PART I
CAUTIONARY STATEMENT FOR THE PURPOSE OF
SAFE HARBOR PROVISIONS OF THE
PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995
This report includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). In addition, other written or oral statements that constitute forward-looking statements may be made by us or on our behalf in other materials we release to the public including all statements, other than statements of historical facts, included or incorporated by reference in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, that address activities, events or developments which we expect or anticipate will or may occur in the future. You can generally identify our forward-looking statements by the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “expect,” “plan,” “intend,” “estimate,” “project,” “projection,” “predict,” “budget,” “forecast,” “goal,” “guidance,” “target,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “may” and similar expressions.
We based our forward-looking statements on our reasonable beliefs and assumptions, and our current expectations, estimates and projections about ourselves and our industry. We caution that these statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions about events and circumstances that we cannot predict. In addition, we based many of these forward-looking statements on assumptions about future events that may prove to be inaccurate. New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for us to predict all such risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Accordingly, forward-looking statements cannot be relied upon as a guarantee of future results and involve a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in the statements, including, but not limited to the statements under “Risk Factors” included in Part I, Item 1A of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We undertake no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required by law.
There are a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in this report. Such risks, uncertainties and other important factors include, among others, risks related to:

our ability to continue as a going concern;
our ability to manage inflationary pressures in our operating costs;
the impact to our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows due to negative market conditions, including from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and future economic uncertainties, particularly in industries in which we are heavily dependent;
delays in the commencement of major projects, whether due to the COVID-19 pandemic or other factors;
our business may be affected by seasonal and other variations, including severe weather conditions and the nature of our clients’ industry;
our ability to expand into new markets (including low carbon energy transition) and attract clients in new industries may be limited due to our competition’s breadth of service offerings and intellectual property;
we have significant debt and high leverage which could have a negative impact on our financing options, liquidity position and ability to manage increases in interest rates;
the timing of new client contracts and termination of existing contracts may result in unpredictable fluctuations in our cash flows and financial results;
risk of non-payment and/or delays in payment of receivables from our clients;
our ability to generate sufficient cash from operations, access our ABL Credit Facility (defined below), or maintain our compliance with our ABL Credit Agreement (defined below), Term Loan Credit Agreement (defined below), and Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement (defined below) covenants;
compliance with continued listing standards of the New York Stock Exchange;
our financial forecasts are based upon estimates and assumptions that may materially differ from actual results;
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we may incur liabilities and suffer negative financial or reputational impacts relating to occupational health and safety matters, including costs incurred in connection with the implementation of preventative measures required in regard to mitigation of the spread of COVID-19;
changes in laws or regulations in the local jurisdictions that we conduct our business;
the inherently uncertain outcome of current and future litigation;
if we fail to maintain effective internal controls, we may not be able to report our financial results accurately or timely or prevent or detect fraud, which could have a material adverse effect on our business; and
acts of terrorism, war or political or civil unrest in the United States or elsewhere, including the current events involving Russia and Ukraine, changes in laws and regulations, or the imposition of economic or trade sanctions affecting international commercial transactions
ITEM 1.    BUSINESS
General Development of Business
Introduction. Unless otherwise indicated, the terms “we,” “our” and “us” are used in this report to refer to either Team, Inc., to one or more of our consolidated subsidiaries or to all of them taken as a whole. Our stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the symbol “TISI”.
We are a global leading provider of integrated, digitally-enabled asset performance assurance and optimization solutions. We deploy conventional to highly specialized inspection, condition assessment, maintenance and repair services that result in greater safety, reliability and operational efficiency for our clients’ most critical assets. We conduct operations in three segments: Inspection and Heat Treating (“IHT”), Mechanical Services (“MS”) and Quest Integrity. Through the capabilities and resources in these three segments, we believe that we are uniquely qualified to provide integrated solutions involving: inspection to assess condition; engineering assessment to determine fitness for purpose in the context of industry standards and regulatory codes; and mechanical services to repair, rerate or replace based upon the client’s election. In addition, we are capable of escalating with the client’s needs, as dictated by the severity of the damage found and the related operating conditions, from standard services to some of the most advanced services and integrated asset integrity and reliability management solutions available in the industry. We also believe that we are unique in our ability to provide services in three distinct client demand profiles: (i) turnaround or project services, (ii) call-out services, and (iii) nested or run-and-maintain services.
IHT provides conventional and advanced non-destructive testing (“NDT”) services primarily for the process, pipeline and power sectors, pipeline integrity management services, and field heat treating services, as well as associated engineering and condition assessment services. These services can be offered while facilities are running (on-stream), during facility turnarounds or during new construction or expansion activities. IHT also provides advanced digital imaging including remote digital video imaging, laser scanning and laser profilometry-enabled reformer care services.
MS provides solutions designed to serve clients’ unique needs during both the operational (onstream) and off-line states of their assets. Our onstream services include our range of standard to custom-engineered leak repair and composite solutions; emissions control and compliance; hot tapping and line stopping; and on-line valve insertion solutions, which are delivered while assets are in an operational condition, which maximizes client production time. Asset shutdowns can be planned, such as a turnaround maintenance event, or unplanned, such as those due to component failure or equipment breakdowns. Our specialty maintenance, turnaround and outage services are designed to minimize client downtime and are primarily delivered while assets are off-line and often through the use of cross-certified technicians, whose multi-craft capabilities deliver the production needed to achieve tight time schedules. These critical services include on-site field machining; bolted-joint integrity; vapor barrier plug testing; and valve management solutions.
Quest Integrity provides integrity and reliability management solutions for the process, pipeline and power sectors. These solutions encompass three broadly-defined disciplines: (1) highly specialized in-line inspection services for historically unpiggable process piping and pipelines using proprietary in-line inspection tools and analytical software; and (2) advanced engineering and condition assessment services through a multi-disciplined engineering team and related lab support.
We market our services to companies in a diverse array of heavy industries which include:
Energy (refining, power, renewables, nuclear and liquefied natural gas);
Manufacturing and Process (chemical, petrochemical, pulp and paper industries, automotive and mining);
Midstream and Others (valves, terminals and storage, pipeline and offshore oil and gas);
Public Infrastructure (amusement parks, bridges, ports, construction and building, roads, dams and railways); and
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Aerospace and Defense.
Description of Business
Inspection and Heat Treating Segment:
IHT offers standard to specialty inspection services as well as heat treating services and digital imaging services. Heat treating services are generally associated with turnaround, project and new construction activities. IHT also offers advanced digital imaging services enabled by specialized local and wide area laser scanning and video equipment and land-based and aerial robotics platforms in the form of drones. A description of these core IHT services is as follows:
Non-Destructive Evaluation and Testing Services. Machined parts, industrial piping and structures can be complex systems that experience extreme loads and fatigue during their lifetime. Our Non-Destructive Evaluation and Testing (“NDE/NDT”) services enable the inspection of these components without permanently altering the equipment. It is a highly valuable technique that is often used to validate the integrity of materials, detect instabilities, discover performance outside of tolerances, identify failed components, or highlight an inadequate control system. Inspection services frequently require industry recognized training and certification. We employ training and certification programs, which are designed to meet or exceed industry standards. As assets continue to age and remain in service often beyond the original design life, and compliance regulations advance in parallel, inspection and assessment techniques are playing a critical role in safely monitoring fitness-for-service and where practical, extending the useful life of this aging infrastructure.
Radiographic Testing. Radiographic Testing (“RT”) is used to detect discontinuities in ferrous and nonferrous castings, welds or forgings using X-ray or gamma ray radiation. RT reveals both external and internal defects, internal assembly details and changes in thickness. Our licensed technicians utilize conventional, computed and real-time radiography testing techniques depending upon the complexity and needs of our clients.
Ultrasonic Testing. Ultrasonic Testing (“UT”) uses high frequency ultrasonic waves to detect surface breaking and internal imperfections, measure material thickness and determine acceptance or rejection of a test object based on a reference code or standard. We offer ten different types of UT methods, including traditional scans as well as automated and high speed ultrasonic Electro Magnet Acoustic Transducer testing. Each method is utilized to meet a specific material or process application requirement.
Magnetic Particle Inspection. Magnetic Particle Inspection is an NDT process for detecting surface and slight subsurface discontinuities in ferroelectric materials such as iron, nickel, cobalt, and some of their alloys. The process puts a magnetic field into the test object. When the part is magnetized, flaws perpendicular to the magnetic field direction cause flux leakage. If a lapse or a crack is present, the magnetic particles will be attracted to the flawed area, providing our technician with what is called an indication. Our technician will then evaluate the indication to assess the location, size, shape and extent of these imperfections.
Liquid Penetrant Inspection. Liquid Penetrant Inspection is one of the most widely used NDE/NDT methods. Its popularity can be attributed to two main factors: its relative ease of use and its flexibility. Liquid Penetrant Inspection can be used to inspect almost any material. We utilize Liquid Penetrant Inspection to detect surface discontinuities in both ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic materials. In castings and forgings, there may be cracks or leaks in new products or fatigue cracks in in-service components.
Positive Material Identification. Positive Material Identification (“PMI”) quickly and accurately identifies the composition of more than 100 different metallurgical alloys onsite. We can perform PMI on virtually any size or shape of pipe, plate, weld, welding materials, machined parts or castings.
Electromagnetic Testing. Electromagnetic Testing applies to a family of test methods that use magnetism and electricity to detect or measure cracks, flaws, corrosion or heat damage in conductive materials. Magnetic properties and geometric analysis are used to determine the best technique to identify defects. Our electromagnetic services enable our technicians to evaluate small cracks, pits, dents and general thinning in tubing with small diameters, large steel surfaces such as storage tank floors, and everything in between.
Alternating Current Field Measurement. Originally developed for inspection of fatigue cracking, our Alternating Current Field Measurement (“ACFM”) is an advanced technique for detecting surface cracks and pinpointing the location, length and depth of the defect. Our ACFM works through paint and coatings and in a wide range of temperatures. Results are automatically recorded and accepted by certification authorities.
Eddy Current Testing. Eddy Current Testing (“ECT”) is ideal for nonferrous materials such as heat exchanger tubes, condensers, boilers, tubing and aircraft surfaces. Our ECT uses electromagnetic induction to detect flaws in conductive materials, displaying the presence of very small cracks, pits, dents and general thinning.
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Long-Range Guided Ultrasonics. Guided wave inspection is a method of ultrasonic testing that enables the detection and location of pipe defects above and below ground without disruption of service. This technique only requires a small area of excavation to perform the testing where applicable. Guided ultrasonics sends a bilateral signal over hundreds of feet allowing long ranges of piping to be inspected at one time.
Phased Array Ultrasonic Testing. Phased Array Ultrasonics Testing (“PAUT”) provides enhanced detection, characterization and sizing capability of flaws in manufactured materials like welds. PAUT applies computer-controlled excitation to individual elements in a multi-element probe. By varying the timing of the excitation, the sound beam can be swept through a range of angles to a specific area of interest.
Terminals and Storage Inspection and Management Programs. Our above ground storage tank (“AST”) inspection and management team, Team Tank Consultants (“TTC”), specializes in performing inspections, condition assessment and selected repair services across the United States (“U.S.”) for AST and related infrastructure. Backed by our in-house engineering, documentation and certification services – including American Petroleum Institute 653, 510 & 570 evaluations – TTC’s on-site inspections, repair and maintenance services help keep clients’ tanks fully operational and compliant with stringent industry standards.
Rope Access. We provide a range of innovative and cost-effective solutions to suit the client’s individual requirements for inspection and maintenance services for the energy and industrial markets. Our rope access solutions allow for work to be carried out safely and is quicker than traditional methods using scaffolding, keeping costs and operational disruption to a minimum. We provide these services under full accreditation by the Industrial Rope Access Trade Association, whose guidelines are recognized by the industry as the safest method of working at heights.
Mechanical Integrity Services. Maintaining the integrity of equipment is more than simply performing inspections. A well-implemented Mechanical Integrity (“MI”) program involves multiple components that improve the safety and reliability of a facility’s equipment. Our MI programs are designed to ensure the continued integrity and fitness-for-service of piping systems, pressure vessels, tanks and related components. Our mechanical integrity engineers are trained on pertinent codes and standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (“OSHA”) process safety management and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (the “EPA”) risk management program regulations.
Pipeline Integrity Services. We assist pipeline operators in regard to their regulatory compliance, ongoing inspection and maintenance activities that verify the safety, integrity and life expectancy of their pipeline systems. Pipeline Integrity (“PI”) services can include engineering and consulting services that review the program, prior inspection data and advise in threat planning and monitoring. Most midstream piping systems are below ground, and environmental assessments are necessary to understand the threats from topography and soil and to determine the effectiveness of the coating/cathodic protection systems. We apply the appropriate conventional and advanced NDE methods to provide the most accurate identification, characterization and sizing of pipeline anomalies and then apply engineering service to assist with repair recommendations. Standard, accurate and timely documentation and reporting along with quality reviews with our PI services are necessary to support our clients’ regulation compliance.
Robotics and Inspection Services. Utilizing a combination of proprietary and advanced third party equipment, including video, laser scanning, robotic crawlers and aerial drones, to remotely capture digital images in difficult or dangerous to access locations in and around energy industry infrastructure. We often deliver such services as part of an integrated solution where ADI may complement or further inform other inspection and condition assessment techniques.
Heat Treating Services. Heat Treating Services include electric resistance and gas-fired combustion, primarily utilized by industrial clients to enhance the metallurgical properties of their process piping and equipment. Electric resistance heating is the transfer of high energy power sources through attached heaters to the plant component to preheat weld joints, to remove contaminants and moisture prior to welding, for post-weld heat treatments and to relieve metal thermal stresses induced by the welding process. Specialty heat treating processes are performed using gas-fired combustion on large pressure vessels for stress relieving to bake specialty paint coatings and controlled drying of abrasion and temperature resistant refractories. Special high frequency heating, commonly called induction heating, is used for expanding metal parts for assembly or disassembly, expanding large bolting for industrial turbines and stress relieving projects which are cost prohibitive for electric resistance or gas-fired combustion.
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Mechanical Services Segment:
MS provides onstream services engineered to keep client assets on-line and producing, and specialty maintenance, turnaround and outage services, which are performed while assets are off-line, and are designed to reduce client downtime. These core MS services described below are delivered in on-call, project-managed, and full-time nested capacities.
Leak Repair Services. Our leak repair services consist of onstream repairs of leaks in pipes, valves, flanges and other parts of piping systems, pipelines and related assets. Our onstream repairs utilize field-ready craft repairs; standardized modular clamps and leak enclosures; as well as customized engineered solutions, manufactured to critical tolerances with our in-house computer numerical control (“CNC”) technology. We use specially developed techniques and equipment, along with our proprietary sealants for all repairs. Many of our repairs are furnished as interim measures which allow assets to continue operating until more permanent repairs can be made during plant shutdowns. Our leak repair solutions involve inspection of the leak by our highly-trained field technicians who record pertinent information about the faulty part of the system and transmit the information to our in-house engineering department for determination of appropriate repair techniques. Repair materials such as clamps and enclosures can be custom designed and manufactured at our International Organization for Standardization (“ISO”)-9001 certified manufacturing centers and then delivered to the job site for installation by our technicians. We maintain an inventory of raw materials and semi-finished clamps and enclosures to reduce the time required to manufacture the finished product. We have a diverse global supply chain with a network of alternate suppliers. We routinely perform due diligence on our suppliers and sources of raw materials and finished products and are continuing to pursue responsible sourcing of all materials used in our products, regardless of the country of origin.
Engineered Composite Repair. Our custom engineered composite repair solutions utilize advanced carbon and glass fiber-reinforced epoxy resin materials, to restore the integrity of impaired client assets such as piping systems, pipelines, storage tanks and structures. Composites can be engineered to suit specific applications using our highly tested and proven methods so that a high-performance adhesive bond is created, enabling the composite material to work in conjunction with the original component. They can be installed to systems while on-line, requiring no impact on asset uptime or performance, and used as either interim measures until a more permanent solution can be implemented or as a fully engineered permanent solution themselves. We provide a single-source solution to our clients that includes specification of materials, engineering support, technician oversight and/or installation. We utilize our proprietary repair systems as well as others to offer our clients the greatest quality and value combinations to suit their needs. We have been recognized as an industry leader in third-party led test programs to validate innovative new composite application solutions, where our material and service have been verified to comply with international standards, as well as for use as a permanent solution.
Emissions Control/Compliance Services. We provide fugitive volatile organic compound (“VOC”) emission leak detection and methane reduction solutions that include identification, monitoring, data management and reporting; primarily for the upstream, midstream and downstream sectors. These services are designed to monitor and record VOC emissions from specific assets as required by environmental regulations and client environmental programs. Typically, we assist the client in enhancing an ongoing maintenance program and/or complying with present and/or future environmental regulations. We provide technicians, specially trained in the use of portable organic chemical analyzers, data loggers, and drone technology, to measure potential leaks at designated client assets maintained in client or our proprietary databases. The measured data is used to prepare reports required for compliance with EPA and local regulatory requirements.
Hot Tapping Services. Our hot tapping services consist of a full range of hot tapping and Line-stopTM services. Hot tapping services involve utilizing specialized equipment to machine a hole in a pressurized piping system so that a new branch pipe can be connected onto the existing pipe, or pipeline, without interrupting operations. Line-stopTM services involve inserting a mechanical isolation device, through the tapped area, to stop the process flow, permitting the line to be isolated and depressurized downstream, so that maintenance work can be performed on the pipeline, piping system, or other client asset. The Hi-stopTM is a proprietary service solution that allows stopping of process flows under typically more extreme pressures and temperatures where standard industry equipment is unable to operate. Our patent pending SmartStopTM double block and bleed technology allows a dual-stop Line-stopTM head to be inserted through a single tap, with the ability to bleed between the seals, ensuring the integrity of the isolation. In some cases, we may use line freezing processes by injecting liquid nitrogen into specialized equipment with external chambers around the pipe to stop the process flow. Inflatable stops are used in low-pressure applications where a pipe is out of round or inside surface conditions of the pipe prevent a standard line stop. In support of our hot tapping and other repair solutions, we supply specialty and in-service welding solutions, certified in accordance with American Society of Mechanical Engineers (“ASME”) codes, and are authorized by National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors (the “NBBI”) for the repair of nuclear components, boilers, and other pressure containing components.
Valve Insertion Services. We offer professional installation services for our patented InsertValveTM. The valve can be installed onstream, eliminating the need for line shut downs during planned or emergency valve tie-ins. Designed for a wide range of line sizes and types, the InsertValveTM wedge gate sits on the valve body, not the pipe bottom. This unique feature
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prevents the seat from coming into contact with the cut pipe edges to significantly extend valve life. We believe its ability to be introduced and, if ever needed, repaired, while the asset to which it is applied to is in service, makes it truly unique in the market.
Field Machining Services. We design and market our own lines of industry leading portable machining equipment that we utilize in the field to essentially bring the machine shop to our clients’ assets. Ideal for new construction projects, modifications, planned shutdowns, and emergency repairs, our comprehensive equipment fleet includes laser guided and CNC milling, CNC boring, trepanning, facing, turning, cutting and drilling equipment operated by our highly-trained technicians who are dedicated to minimizing client downtime and ensuring a quality repair that meets or surpasses OEM specifications.
Bolted Joint Integrity Services. We perform all bolting activity from break out to assembly with technical compliance procedures designed in accordance with ASME PCC-1. These services are provided by highly trained technicians utilizing specialized hydraulic or pneumatic equipment to achieve reliable and leak-free connections following client asset maintenance and/or prior to startup. Our joint integrity engineers are active members of ASME working to increase the industry's knowledge and provide our clients with the most up-to-date policies and procedures. With capabilities including flange management and bolt load analysis; controlled tightening methods of torqueing and tensioning; bolt load validation; proprietary equipment such as Flange SafeTM, that we engineered and manufactured to provide the industry’s safest option for under pressure/temperature single stud replacement, we ensure the integrity of critical industrial infrastructure.
Vapor Barrier Plug and Weld Testing Services. We install vapor barriers into piping systems to prevent potentially hazardous vapors from transferring down or upstream, without having to purge the entire piping system, where mechanical repair operations, such as machining, welding, and heat treating, are taking place. The mechanical barriers expand to seal on the inside pipe surface and provide a venting system to prevent pressure from building up in the piping system, while keeping the work area and environment free of potentially hazardous emissions. Weld test equipment is used to verify the integrity of welded joints by providing sealing surfaces on both sides of the weld and pressuring the void cavity in between. The integrity test allows the client to comply with the ASME hydrostatic test requirements for welded joints without having to pressurize the whole system, which may result in shutdown of other systems, or environmental issues with the test medium.
Valve Management Solutions. We perform on-site and shop-based repairs to isolation, control, pressure and safety relief valves, as well as specialty valve actuator diagnostics and repair. We are certified and authorized to assemble new valves for sale and perform testing and repairs to pressure and safety relief valves by NBBI. This certification requires specific procedures, testing and documentation to maintain the safe operation of these essential industry asset valves. We provide special transportable trailers to clients’ sites, which contain specialty machines and test equipment to perform on-site valve repairs and testing. Our trained technicians can also service large valves without removing the valve from the client’s asset. In addition, we provide preventive maintenance programs for VOC-specific valves and valve data management programs. We also represent selected valve manufacturers and distribute their products where complementary to our clients’ valve supply and management needs.
Quest Integrity Segment:
Quest Integrity offers integrity and reliability management solutions in the form of advanced quantitative inspection, engineering and condition assessment services and products. Quest Integrity’s advanced quantitative inspection services utilize proprietary NDT and NDE instrumentation and technology to provide in-line inspections to critical infrastructure in the downstream, midstream, upstream and power industries. Additionally, Quest Integrity offers engineering assessment services enabled by proprietary software and other analytical tools, and complemented by lab testing resources.
Furnace Tube Inspection System-Enabled Services. Furnace Tube Inspection System (“FTISTM”) in-line inspection service provides an untethered 360-degree 100% coverage ultrasonic inspection of the internal and external surfaces of serpentine coils of fired heaters, which are found in refineries and other process plant environments. FTISTM allows us to detect and quantify internal/external pipe/tube wall loss, deformation and fouling and thereby identify weak points in such heaters in order to provide clients with timely, actionable information to better manage their infrastructure.
InVistaTM-Enabled Services. Our proprietary InVistaTM in-line inspection service provides an untethered 360-degree 100% coverage ultrasonic inspection of the internal and external surfaces of pipelines and process piping that are considered “unpiggable” or too challenging to inspect by traditional in-line inspection methods, due to a number of factors. InVistaTM allows us to detect and quantify pipe/tube internal/external wall loss, deformation, pitting and fouling in such pipelines and process piping. Our standard InVistaTM deliverable also provides a fitness-for-service assessment on the pipe and displays the information in a highly intuitive format, providing an integrated inspection plus condition assessment solution for clients.
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Pipeline Integrity Management Services. We offer turn-key Pipeline Integrity Management services, including project management, integrity engineering and integrity management development services, in-line inspection support such as cleaning and launching/receiving, pig tracking and materials equipment selection and procurement. We offer these resources on an integrated basis with our InVistaTM in-line inspection services and engineering assessment capabilities, or individually as applicable.
Advanced Engineering and Condition Assessment Services. Employing a multi-disciplined engineering team, supported by proprietary software, other analytical tools and complementary lab testing capability, we offer a variety of advanced engineering assessment services to clients in the process, power, pipeline, petrochemical and alternative energy industries including fitness-for-service, computational mechanics, failure analysis, risk-based asset management and materials consulting.
Marketing, Clients and Competition
Our industrial services are marketed principally by personnel based at our service locations. We believe that these service locations are situated to facilitate timely responses to client needs with on-call expertise, which is an important feature of selling and providing our services. The capacity and capability scope of our discrete and integrated services also allows us to benefit from the procurement trends of many of our clients who are seeking to reduce the number of contractors and vendors in their facilities, as well as to outsource more of such services. No single client accounted for 10% or more of consolidated revenues during the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 or 2019.
Generally, clients are billed on a time and materials basis, although some work may be performed pursuant to a fixed-price bid. Services are usually performed pursuant to purchase orders issued under written client agreements. While most purchase orders provide for the performance of a single job, some provide for services to be performed on a run-and-maintain basis. Substantially all our agreements and contracts may be terminated by either party on short notice. The agreements generally specify the range of services to be performed and the hourly rates for labor. While many contracts cover specific plants or locations, we also enter into multiple-site regional or national contracts which cover multiple plants or locations.
In general, competition stems from a large number of other outside service contractors. More than 100 different competitors are currently active in our markets. We believe we have a competitive advantage over most service contractors due to the quality, training and experience of our technicians, our North America and increasingly international service capability, the breadth and depth of our services, our ability to provide such services on an integrated, more turnkey basis, and our technical engineered support coupled with our manufacturing capabilities supporting the service network.
Seasonality
We experience some seasonal fluctuations. Historically, the refining industry has scheduled plant shutdowns (commonly referred to as “turnarounds”) for the fall and spring seasons. The power industry follows a similar seasonal schedule for their plant maintenance. The timing of large turnarounds or outages can significantly impact our revenues. The pipeline industry follows and depends in part on weather conditions where the ability to access pipeline infrastructure for or after inspections may be impeded by more severe cold weather conditions.
Compliance with Government Regulations
A significant portion of our business activities are subject to foreign, federal, state and local laws and regulations. These regulations are administered by various foreign, federal, state and local health and safety and environmental agencies and authorities, including OSHA of the U.S. Department of Labor and the EPA. Failure to comply with these laws and regulations may involve civil and criminal liability. From time to time, we are also subject to a wide range of reporting requirements, certifications and compliance as prescribed by various federal and state governmental agencies that include, but are not limited to, the EPA, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Chemical Safety Board, the Department of Transportation and the Federal Aviation Administration. Expenditures relating to such regulations are made in the normal course of our business and are neither material nor place us at any competitive disadvantage. We do not currently expect that compliance with such laws and regulations will require us to make material expenditures.
From time to time, during the operation of our environmental consulting and engineering services, the assets of which were sold in 1996, we handled small quantities of certain hazardous wastes or other substances generated by our clients. Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (the “Superfund Act”), the EPA is authorized to take administrative and judicial action to either cause parties who are responsible under the Superfund Act for cleaning up any unauthorized release of hazardous substances to do so, or to clean up such hazardous substances and to seek
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reimbursement of the costs thereof from the responsible parties, who are jointly and severally liable for such costs under the Superfund Act. The EPA may also bring suit for treble damages from responsible parties who unreasonably refuse to voluntarily participate in such a clean-up or funding thereof. Similarly, private parties who bear the costs of cleanup may seek to recover all or part of their costs from responsible parties in cost recovery or contribution actions. Responsible parties include anyone who owns or operates the facility where the release occurred (either currently and/or at the time such hazardous substances were disposed of), or who by contract arranges for disposal, treatment, transportation for disposal or treatment of a hazardous substance, or who accepts hazardous substances for transport to disposal or treatment facilities selected by such person from which there is a release. We believe that our risk of liability is minimal since our environmental consulting and engineering services consisted solely of maintaining and storing small samples of materials for laboratory analysis that are classified as hazardous. Due to its prohibitive costs, we accordingly do not currently carry insurance to cover our potential liabilities under the Superfund Act or similar environmental statutes.

Human Capital
At December 31, 2021, we had approximately 5,200 employees, with approximately 4,100 employed in the United States and 1,100 internationally. Human capital management, combined with our core values and talent management initiatives, is a key driver of our employee retention program. We invest in our talent by providing our employees with targeted training, mentoring and career development opportunities, all of which enable us to hire and retain talented, high-performing employees. Through our safety first culture and our diversity and inclusion initiatives, we seek to retain employees through our employee engagement efforts and our competitive compensation and benefits packages.
Business ethics and core values
Our core values anchor every aspect of our business in a set of commonly-held beliefs and commitments. They represent what we stand for, what values our employees embody, and what our services and products contribute to the market. These statements are deeply ingrained in our culture, guiding employee behavior and company decisions and actions.
Safety First/Quality Always – In everything we do;
Integrity – Uncompromising standards of integrity and ethical conduct;
Service Leadership – Leading service quality, professionalism and responsiveness;
Innovation – Supports continuous growth and improvement;
Pride and Respect – For our clients, for each other and for all of our stakeholders; and
Teamwork – Global teamwork and collaboration.
Diversity and inclusion
A diverse and engaged workforce is critical to our success, and we work hard to create an environment where our employees feel valued, engaged and inspired to do their best work. We are proud that a diverse group of people from all backgrounds, religions, nationalities, gender identity, sexual orientations and races make up our team. It continues to be our goal to knock down barriers and eliminate bias wherever it exists through strategic employee-engaged initiatives.
While we continue to focus on maintaining or improving the gender diversity among our executive leadership and corporate populations, we are also committed to improving our gender diversity amongst our technician population, which comprises more than 75% of our overall global workforce.
Executive LeadershipGeneral & Administrative
Global Workforce1
Female15%51%12%
Male85%49%88%
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1    Global workforce includes technicians
As part of our university recruiting efforts, we have developed diversity focused strategies through collaboration with the career centers at the universities where we recruit. We recruit diverse candidate populations through collaborations with the Society of Women Engineers (SWE), Society of Hispanic Engineering’s (SHPE) and National Society of Black Engineers (NSBE) programs, as well as recruiting at Historically Black Colleges and Universities such as Prairie View A&M University.


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Health, safety and training
In 2020, we introduced our “12 Life Saving Rules” across our organization to further enhance our safety focused culture. The 12 Life Saving Rules are clear and simple rules designed to address those activities that put our employees at the greatest risk. The rules include both encouraged behaviors as well as discouraged behaviors. All our employees receive online training on the rules and must acknowledge that they have read them. The rules are posted internally, communicated throughout our organization through our safety bulletins, and are printed in multiple languages.
In assessing safety performance, we measure our annual total recordable incident rate (“TRIR”), which is defined as the number of recordable injuries per 200,000 working hours. This metric is also used by others in our industry, which allows for a more objective comparison of our performance. In 2021, our TRIR was 0.39. Our vehicle safety performance system (VSPS) has helped improve our motor vehicle accident rate by 20% since the prior year. The VSPS is monitored centrally where parameters such as speed, seat belt, hard breaking, and engine diagnostics can be monitored by the driver’s supervisor such that they can manage unsafe driving before an accident occurs.
Accelerated by our response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we have several online training and distance learning classes to our curriculum to help meet the needs of a rapidly changing workplace environment. These are administered and tracked globally though our Learning Management System. We prepared and led several topics to support employees during COVID-19 including a session on helping parents cope with the pandemic while working remotely, helping managers to lead remote workers and supporting employees as they safely moved to working remotely where necessary. We also launched STAMP, TEAM’s Stress and Anxiety Management Program that included several tools and resources to help employees effectively manage stress and prevent depression and other mental illnesses. This program included several sessions focused on mindfulness and we coordinated this program with our Employee Assistance Program that offered mental health and depression resources for our employees and their families. This program has received much praise and support from our employees, their families and our clients.
We recognize the importance of providing training to continually support career growth and development. Our talent management and professional development programs including our CREW Engineering and Business rotational and Technician Apprentice programs empower and inspire our team members to personalize their career journeys by building critical job skills, gaining hands-on experience, providing ongoing access to world class training, assigning relevant career mentors and paving the way toward career paths that provide long-term advancement within our organization.
In 2019, our professional development efforts were expanded to include our Leadership Journey Program that takes participating employees through a highly interactive training and development program. Participants in the leadership program receive a behavioral DISC (Dominance, Influence, Steadiness, Conscientiousness) assessment and work together in teams as they gain self-awareness of their behavioral style. Participants interact throughout the three day training session while learning about and increasing their leadership skills. During the Leadership Journey Program, our subject matter experts lead unique training sessions to share information and knowledge on safety, quality and financial acumen applicable to our business.
As we navigated through the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, we proactively introduced more flexibility in our work environment by offering eligible employees the ability to work remotely or on-site, flexible working schedules, and restricting in person meetings. All of these measures were driven by the safety and health of our employees, their family members, clients and other contractors at the forefront.
Employee engagement
Periodically, our employees participate in our engagement survey which provides us with valuable insight as we seek to improve our overall employee engagement and satisfaction. Acting upon employee feedback generated from the engagement survey, we continually review our regional health benefits, communication strategy and training efforts. We believe the significant response rate to our survey is indicative of the intensity of our employee’s connection to our organization, marked by a committed effort to achieve goals in environments that support productivity and maintain personal well-being.
Wages and benefits
Across the globe, we provide our employees with competitive wages, salaries and benefits based upon employee skills, experience and job levels. Additionally, we provide employees with a comprehensive set of benefits, including health and welfare benefits, wellness benefits, employee assistance plans, defined contribution and defined benefit retirement benefits, paid time off, educational support and a variety of other ancillary employee benefits.
Environmental, social and governance
We are committed to conducting our business in a manner that protects the environment and the health and safety of our employees and the public including supporting career growth opportunities to our diverse team of employees; and actively contributing to the local communities. We will work with the government, industry, and public in support of laws, regulations,
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standards and other programs that safeguard the community, workplace and the environment. To meet this commitment, we maintain management systems designed to ensure compliance with all applicable laws, regulations and internal requirements, as well as to facilitate the continuous improvement of our processes, products, and personnel. Our highest priority is the safety of our employees, clients, and other contractors. We also intend to set an example of leadership in the field of health, safety and environmental management, and will promote resource conservation, the reduction of waste and pollution prevention.

Available Information
Our internet website address is www.teaminc.com. Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K, as well as any amendments and exhibits to these reports, filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, are available on our website, free of charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. Alternatively, you may access these reports at the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov. We post our code of ethical conduct, our governance principles, our social responsibility policy and the charters of our Board committees on our website. Our governance documents are available in print to any stockholder that submits a written request to Team, Inc., Attn: Corporate Secretary, 13131 Dairy Ashford, Suite 600, Sugar Land, Texas 77478. Information contained on our website is not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS
Our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and/or stock price could be materially adversely affected by any of the risks and uncertainties described below.
Risks Related to Market Conditions
The COVID-19 pandemic and related economic repercussions have had, and are expected to continue to have, a significant impact on our business, and depending on the duration of the pandemic and its effect on the oil and gas industry, could have a material adverse effect on our business, liquidity, consolidated results of operations, and consolidated financial condition. Our clients in the oil and gas industry have historically accounted for a substantial portion of our revenues. The COVID-19 pandemic and related economic repercussions have created significant volatility, uncertainty and turmoil in the oil and gas industry in the past two years. Since the onset of the pandemic in early 2020, these events have directly affected our business and have exacerbated the potential negative impact from many of our risks, including those relating to the worldwide demand for oil and natural gas, our clients’ capital spending and trends in oil and natural gas prices. In addition, the pandemic and efforts to mitigate its spread have resulted in logistical challenges to our operations, including travel restrictions that prevent our personnel from commuting to certain facilities and job sites. These logistical challenges could increase if the pandemic worsens or persists.
Oil demand during 2020 and 2021 was substantially less than demand in 2019 as a result of the virus and corresponding measures taken around the world to mitigate its spread. Though demand began to increase during the latter part of 2021, a worsening of the virus could result in an increase in mitigation efforts and a reduction in demand for oil and gas and our services and products. Given the nature and significance of the events described above, we are not able to enumerate all related potential risks to our business; however, we believe that in addition to the impacts described above, other current and potential impacts of these recent events include, but are not limited to: greater supply chain disruption, which could have an adverse impact on volumes and make it more difficult for us to serve our clients; liquidity challenges, including impacts related to delayed customer payments and payment defaults associated with customer liquidity issues and bankruptcies; notices from customers, suppliers, and other third parties arguing that their non-performance under our contracts with them is permitted as a result of force majeure or other reasons; cybersecurity issues, as digital technologies may become more vulnerable and experience a higher rate of cyberattacks in the current environment of remote connectivity; litigation risk and possible loss contingencies related to COVID-19 and its impact, including with respect to commercial contracts, employee matters, and insurance arrangements; infections and quarantining of our employees and the personnel of our customers, suppliers, and other third parties in areas in which we operate; actions undertaken by national, regional, and local governments and health officials to contain COVID-19 or treat its effects; and structural shift in the global economy and its demand for oil and natural gas as a result of changes in the way people work, travel, and interact, or in connection with a global recession or depression.
Given the dynamic nature of these events, we cannot reasonably estimate the period of time that the COVID-19 pandemic and related market conditions will persist or any changes in their severity, the full extent of the impact they will have on our business, liquidity, results of operations, and financial condition or the pace or extent of any recovery. To the extent COVID-19 adversely affects our business, liquidity, results of operations, and financial condition, it may also have the effect of heightening other risks.
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The economic environment may affect client demand for our services. Future economic and political uncertainty may reduce the availability of liquidity and credit and, in many cases, reduce demand for our clients’ products. Disruption of the credit markets could also adversely affect our clients’ ability to finance ongoing maintenance and new capital projects, resulting in contract cancellations or suspensions, capital project delays, repurposing of infrastructure, and infrastructure closures. An extended or deep recession may result in plant closures or other contractions in our client base. These factors may also adversely affect our ability to collect payment for work we have previously performed. Furthermore, our ability to expand our business could be limited if, in the future, we are unable to increase our credit capacity under favorable terms or at all. Such disruptions, should they occur, could materially impact our results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
Extended periods of low prices for crude oil can have a material adverse impact on our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity. While we continue to expand our market presence in the areas of aerospace and defense, construction, chemical processing, manufacturing, power generation, and public infrastructure, among other industries, economic downturns within the oil and gas industry including crude oil prices have, and could continue to, result in reduction in demand for our services.
Our revenues are heavily dependent on certain industries. Sales of our services are dependent on clients in certain industries, particularly the refining and petrochemical industries. As we have experienced in the past, and as we expect to occur in the future, downturns characterized by diminished demand for services in these industries as well as potential changes due to consolidation or changes in client businesses or governmental regulations, could have a material impact on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows. Certain clients have employees represented by unions and could be subject to temporary work stoppage which could impact our activity level.
We sell our services in highly competitive markets, which places pressure on our profit margins and limits our ability to maintain or increase the market share of our services. Our competition generally stems from other outside service contractors, many of whom offer a similar range of services. Future economic uncertainty could generally reduce demand for industrial services and thus create a more competitive bidding environment for new and existing work. No assurances can be made that we will continue to maintain our pricing model and our profit margins or increase our market share.
Our ongoing investments in new client markets involve significant risks, could disrupt our current operations and may not produce the long-term benefits that we expect. Our ability to compete successfully in new client markets depends on our ability to continue to deliver innovative, relevant and useful services to our clients in a timely manner. As a result, we have invested, and expect to continue to invest resources in developing products and services to new clients. Such investments may not prioritize short-term financial results and may involve significant risks and uncertainties, including encountering new competitors. We may fail to generate sufficient revenue, operating margin or other value to justify our investments in such new client markets, thereby harming our ability to generate revenue.
If we cannot regain compliance with the NYSE’s continuing listing requirements and rules, the NYSE may delist our common stock, which could negatively affect our company, the price of our common stock and your ability to sell our common stock.
On February 2, 2022, we were notified by the NYSE that the average closing price of our common stock, over a prior 30 consecutive trading day period was below $1.00 per share, which is the minimum average closing price per share required to maintain listing on the NYSE under Section 802.01C of the NYSE Listed Company Manual. We have a period of six months following the receipt of the notice to regain compliance with the minimum share price requirement, with the possibility of extension at the discretion of the NYSE. In order to regain compliance, on the last trading day in any calendar month during the cure period, our common stock must have: (i) a closing price of at least $1.00 per share; and (ii) an average closing price of at least $1.00 per share over the 30 trading day period ending on the last trading day of such month. If we fail to regain compliance with Section 802.01C of the NYSE Listed Company Manual by the end of the cure period, our common stock will be subject to the NYSE’s suspension and delisting procedures. We are closely monitoring the closing share price of our common stock and are considering all available options. We intend to regain compliance with the NYSE listing standards by pursuing measures that are in the best interests of the Company and our shareholders, including potentially through the consummation of a reverse stock split, subject to Board of Director and shareholder approval.
A delisting of our common stock could negatively impact us by, among other things, reducing the liquidity and market price of our common stock; reducing the number of investors willing to hold or acquire our common stock, which could negatively impact our ability to raise equity financing; limiting our ability to issue additional securities or obtain additional financing in the future; decreasing the amount of news and analyst coverage of us; and causing us reputational harm with investors, our employees, and parties conducting business with us. A delisting of our common stock could constitute a “fundamental change” under the terms of our 5.00% Convertible Notes due 2023 (the “Notes”), requiring us to make an offer to repurchase the Notes at par. There can be no assurance we would have sufficient funds available to us to repurchase the Notes if required to do so. Failure to repurchase the Notes also could cause a cross-default under our ABL Credit Facility and Term Loans, which would permit the holders of the indebtedness to accelerate the maturity thereof and proceed against their collateral and could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.
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Risks Related to Our Operations
If we are not able to implement commercially competitive services in a timely manner in response to changes in the market, client requirements, competitive pressures and technology trends, our business and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. Competition can place downward pressure on our prices and profit margins. Our share of the market for our services is characterized by continual technological developments to provide better and more cost-effective services. If we are not able to implement commercially competitive services and products in a timely manner in response to changes in the market, client requirements, competitive pressures, inflationary pressures and technology trends, our business and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. Likewise, if our proprietary technologies, equipment, facilities, or work processes become obsolete, we may no longer be competitive, and our business and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
Our business depends upon the maintenance of our proprietary technologies and information. We depend on our proprietary technologies and information, many of which are no longer subject to patent protection. In addition to patent protection, we rely significantly upon trade secret laws to protect our proprietary technologies. We regularly enter into confidentiality agreements with our key employees, clients, potential clients and other third parties and limit access to and distribution of our trade secrets and other proprietary information. However, these measures may not be adequate to prevent misappropriation of our technologies or to assure that our competitors will not independently develop technologies that are substantially equivalent or superior to our technologies. In addition, because we operate worldwide, the laws of other countries in which we operate may not protect our proprietary rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States. We are also subject to the risk of adverse claims and litigation alleging infringement of intellectual property rights
No assurances can be made that we will be successful in maintaining or renewing our contracts with our clients. A significant portion of our contracts and agreements with clients may be terminated by either party on short notice. Although we actively pursue the renewal of our contracts, we cannot assure that we will be able to renew these contracts or that the terms of the renewed contracts will be as favorable as the existing contracts. If we are unable to renew or replace these contracts, or if we renew on less favorable terms, we may suffer a material reduction in revenue and earnings.
No assurances can be made that we will be successful in hiring or retaining members of a skilled technical workforce. We have a skilled technical workforce and an industry recognized technician training program for each of our service lines that prepares new employees as well as further trains our existing employees. The competition for these individuals is intense. Due to the impacts of COVID-19, we implemented cost reductions and organizational changes which increases our risk of losing key skilled employees. Furthermore, once the economic environment and demand for our services has recovered, we will be under pressure to re-hire or onboard employees during a time when there could be a significant demand for skilled labor. The loss of these individuals, or failure to attract new employees, could adversely affect our ability to perform our obligations on our clients’ projects or maintenance and consequently could negatively impact the demand for our products and services.
The loss or unavailability of any of our executive officers or other key personnel could have a material adverse effect on our business. We depend greatly on the efforts of our executive officers and other key employees to manage and exercise leadership over our operations. The loss or unavailability of any of our executive officers or other key employees could have a material adverse effect on our business operations.
Unsatisfactory quality of service execution, including safety performance, can affect client relationships, eliminate or reduce revenue streams from our largest clients, result in higher operating costs and negatively impact our ability to hire and retain a skilled technical workforce. The services we provide could incur quality of execution issues that may be caused by our workforce personnel and/or components we purchase from other manufacturers or suppliers. If the quality of our services does not meet our clients’ expectations or satisfaction, then our sales and operating earnings, and, ultimately, our reputation, could be negatively impacted. Additionally, our workers are subject to the normal hazards associated with providing services at industrial facilities. Even with proper safety precautions, these hazards can lead to personal injury, loss of life, destruction of property, plant and equipment, lower employee morale and environmental damage. While we are intensely focused on maintaining a strong safety environment and minimizing the risk of accidents, there can be no assurance that these efforts will be effective. Poor safety performance may limit or eliminate potential revenue streams, including from many of our largest clients, and may materially increase our operating costs, including increasing our required insurance deductibles, self-insured retention and insurance premium costs.
Additional impairments of our goodwill, impairments of our intangible and other long-lived assets, and changes in the estimated useful lives of intangible assets could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations and financial condition. As a result of past acquisitions, goodwill and other intangible assets comprise a significant portion of our total assets. As of December 31, 2021, our goodwill and intangible assets totaled $25.2 million and $89.9 million, respectively. We assess or test goodwill for impairment at least annually in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the U.S. (“GAAP”), while our other long-lived assets, including our finite-lived intangible assets, are tested for impairment when
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circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. A decrease in our market capitalization or profitability or unfavorable changes in market, economic and industry conditions all would increase the risk of impairment.
We have three reporting units and perform a goodwill impairment test at a reporting unit level on an annual basis on December 1 of each year and, as discussed above, whenever there are sufficient indicators that the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value.
As a result of revenue and earnings declines and sustained declined in our stock price through September 30, 2021, we determined that a triggering event had occurred as it was more likely than not that the carrying values of our reporting units exceeded their fair values. Our revenue growth and profitability are influenced by several industry trend factors, including end markets capital spending levels, supply and demand levels and technology. With oil prices and demand increasing, refiners (represents approximately 40% of our customers) are recovering; however, capital expenditures have not fully recovered resulting in lower current activity and pricing pressure for our products and services. Accordingly, we performed a quantitative assessment of the fair value of goodwill as of September 30, 2021.
Based upon our impairment assessment, we determined the carrying amount of our MS reporting unit exceeded the fair value. As a result, we recorded $55.8 million in goodwill impairment charges on our MS reporting unit during the three months ended September 30, 2021. The fair value of the Quest Integrity reporting unit exceeded its carrying value at September 30, 2021. Our IHT reporting unit has no goodwill associated as it was determined to be fully impaired on March 31, 2020.
For our annual goodwill impairment test as of December 1, 2021, we elected to perform a quantitative assessment to determine if it was more likely than not (that is, a likelihood of more than 50 percent) that the fair value of our reporting unit was less than its carrying value as of the test date. Based on the quantitative assessment, we concluded that the carrying amount of our Quest Integrity reporting unit exceeded the fair value. As a result, we recorded $8.8 million in goodwill impairment charges on our Quest Integrity reporting unit during the three months ended December 31, 2021.
GAAP requires that we evaluate the useful lives of our intangible assets subject to amortization each reporting period. If the estimate of an intangible asset’s remaining useful life is changed, the remaining carrying amount of the intangible asset is amortized prospectively over that revised remaining useful life. To the extent the revised useful life of an intangible asset is less than originally estimated, our future amortization expense will increase, which could have a material impact on our results of operations and financial condition.
Improvements in operating results from expected savings in operating costs from workforce reductions and other cost saving and business improvement initiatives may not be realized in the estimated amounts, may take longer to be realized, or could be realized only for a limited period. In 2017 through the first quarter of 2021, we developed and implemented a project known as OneTEAM, an assessment of all aspects of our business, including international operations, for improvement and cost saving opportunities. In January 2021, we announced a new strategic organizational structure to better position ourselves for the recovery after the COVID-19 pandemic, continue service diversification, and enhance client value. These organizational changes resulted in restructuring charges and other cost saving opportunities. However, in order to implement this or any other future cost savings or business improvement initiatives, we expect to incur additional expenses, which could adversely impact our financial results prior to the realization of the expected benefits associated with the initiatives. Due to numerous factors or future developments, we may not achieve cost reductions or other business improvements consistent with our expectations or the benefits may be delayed. These factors or future developments could include (i) the incurrence of higher than expected costs or delays in reassigning and retraining remaining employees or outsourcing or eliminating duties and functions of eliminated employees, (ii) unanticipated delays in discharging employees in eliminated positions as a result of regulatory or legal limitations on employee terminations in certain jurisdictions, (iii) actual savings differing from anticipated cost savings, (iv) anticipated benefits from business improvement initiatives not materializing and (v) disruptions to normal operations or other unintended adverse impacts resulting from the initiatives.
We may also decide to reduce, suspend or terminate our cost saving and business improvement initiatives at any time before achieving the estimated benefits or after a limited period of time. The elimination of current employees can also result in increased future costs in hiring, training and mobilizing new employees or rehires in the event of a future increase in demand for our services resulting in a slower recovery of results from operations. Our initiatives may negatively affect our ability to retain and attract qualified personnel, who may experience uncertainty about their future roles with us.
We may experience inflationary pressures in our operating costs and cost overruns on our projects. A number of our clients are serviced under fixed price contracts or contracts including a combination of fixed and variable elements, where we bear a portion of the risk for cost overruns. Under such contracts, prices are established in part on cost and scheduling estimates, which are based on a number of assumptions, including assumptions about future economic conditions, prices and availability of subcontractors, materials and other exigencies of our services. Our profitability depends heavily on our ability to make accurate estimates. Inaccurate estimates, or changes in other circumstances, such as unanticipated technical problems, difficulties obtaining permits or approvals, changes in local laws or labor conditions, weather delays, cost of raw materials,
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trade disputes and tariffs, currency fluctuations, inflation pressures or our suppliers' or subcontractors' inability to perform could result in substantial losses, as such changes adversely affect the revenues recognized on each project.
Additionally, we may incur significant costs in excess of estimates due to changes to any work orders requested by our clients materially changing the scope of work to be completed by us. Our services are usually performed pursuant to purchase orders issued under written client agreements. We may be required to perform additional services that were not contemplated in the pricing related to any such purchaser order, including services resulting from client requested changes, incomplete or inaccurate engineering, changes in project specifications and other similar information provided to us by the client which form the basis for our original estimates. We recognize revenue proportionately as costs are incurred, therefore, we may be required to adjusted revenue recognize on fixed contract projects in the event we incur actual costs in excess of our estimates for such project if we are unable to obtain adequate compensation for any such additional services.
Economic, political and other risks associated with international operations could adversely affect our business. A portion of our operations are conducted and located outside the U.S., and accordingly, our business is subject to risks associated with doing business internationally, including changes in foreign currency exchange rates, instability in political or economic conditions, difficulty in repatriating cash proceeds, differing employee relations, differing regulatory environments, trade protection measures, and difficulty in administering and enforcing corporate policies which may be different than the normal business practices of local cultures. Our international business operations may include projects in countries where corruption is prevalent. Although we have, and continue to, implement and enforce policies and procedures designed to ensure compliance with the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the United Kingdom Bribery Act, there can be no assurance that all of our employees, contractors or agents, including those representing us in countries where practices which violate such anti-corruption laws may be customary, will not take actions in violation of our policies and procedures. Any violation of foreign or U.S. laws by our employees, contractors or agents, even if such violation is prohibited by our policies and procedures, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
Business acquisitions and divestitures entail risk for investors. From time to time, we seek growth through strategic acquisitions while also evaluating our portfolio for potential divestitures in, or complementary to, the specialty maintenance and specialty industrial services, including inspection, engineering assessment and mechanical services to complement, diversify or rationalize our existing business. We may also acquire other businesses that enhance our services or geographic scope and/or divest certain businesses or service offerings to rationalize our operations and take advantage of strategic opportunities. We may not be able to expand our market presence through acquisitions, and acquisitions may present unforeseen integration difficulties or costs. No assurances can be made that we will realize the cost savings, synergies or revenue enhancements that we may anticipate from any acquisition or divestiture, or that we will realize such benefits within the time frame that we expect. If we are not able to address the challenges associated with acquisitions and successfully integrate acquired businesses, or if our integrated product and service offerings fail to achieve market acceptance, or if we are not able to successfully separate divested operations, our business could be adversely affected. The transactions may also affect our share price or future financial results depending on the structure of such considerations. To the extent we issue stock or other rights to purchase stock, including options or other rights, existing shareholders may be diluted and earnings per share may decrease. In addition, acquisitions may result in the incurrence of additional debt.
The price of our outstanding securities may be volatile. It is possible that in some future quarter (or quarters) our revenues, operating results or other measures of financial performance will not meet the expectations of investors, which could cause the price of our outstanding securities to decline or be volatile. Historically, our quarterly and annual sales and operating results have fluctuated. We expect fluctuations to continue in the future. In addition to general economic and political conditions, and in addition to the other factors identified under this Item 1A “Risk Factors”, the following factors may affect our sales and operating results: the timing of significant client orders, the timing of planned maintenance projects at client facilities, changes in competitive pricing, wide variations in profitability by product line, variations in operating expenses, rapid increases in raw material and labor costs, the timing of announcements or introductions of new products or services by us, our competitors or our respective clients, the acceptance of those services, our ability to adequately meet staffing requirements with qualified personnel, relative variations in manufacturing efficiencies and costs, and the relative strength or weakness of international markets. Since our quarterly and annual revenues and operating results vary, we believe that period-to-period comparisons are not necessarily meaningful and should not be relied upon as indicators of our future performance.
Our business may be adversely impacted by work stoppages, staffing shortages and other labor matters. Although we believe that our relations with our employees are good and we have had no strikes or work stoppages, no assurances can be made that we will not experience these and other types of conflicts with labor unions, works councils, other groups representing employees, or our employees in general, or that any future negotiations with our labor unions will not result in significant increases in the cost of labor.
We extend credit to clients for purchases of our services which subjects us to potential credit risk that could, if realized, adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. If we are unable to collect amounts owed to us, or retain amounts paid to us, our cash flows would be reduced and we could experience losses. We would also
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recognize losses with respect to any receivables that are impaired as a result of our clients’ financial difficulties or bankruptcies. The risk of loss may increase for capital projects where we provide services over a longer period of time. Credit losses could materially and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
As a result of our geographically diverse and decentralized operations within the United States and other countries around the world, we are more susceptible to certain risks. We have offices and operations throughout the world. This creates greater financial and operational risks due to the nature of our operations being conducted at various locations. While we have robust internal controls, policies and procedures, and employee training and compliance programs to deter prohibited practices, they may not be effective in preventing employees, contractors or agents from violating or circumventing such internal policies or from material violations of applicable laws and regulations.
Risks Related to Financing Our Business
We are subject to risks associated with indebtedness under our credit facilities, including the risk of failure to maintain compliance with financial covenants, the risk of being unable to make interest and principal payments when due and the risk of rising interest rates. Additionally, due to our significant debt and high leverage there could be a negative impact on our financing options and liquidity position.
We have a significant amount of debt as discussed below, and our overall leverage and the terms of our financing arrangements could:
limit our ability to obtain additional financing in the future for working capital, capital expenditures, to fund growth or for general corporate purposes;
make it more difficult for us to satisfy the terms of our debt obligations;
make it more difficult for us to manage increases in interest rates;
limit our ability to refinance our existing debt on terms acceptable to us, or at all;
require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to make interest and principal payments on our debt, thereby limiting the availability of our cash flow to fund future investments, capital expenditures, working capital, business activities and other general corporate requirements; and
subject us to higher levels of indebtedness than our competitors, which may cause a competitive disadvantage and may reduce our flexibility in responding to increased competition.
Our ability to meet expenses and debt service obligations will depend on our future performance, which will be affected by financial, business, economic and other factors. If we do not generate enough cash to pay our debt service obligations, we may be required to refinance all or part of our debt, sell assets, borrow more money or raise additional equity capital.
On December 18, 2020, we entered into an asset-based credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) led by Citibank, N.A., as agent, which provides for available borrowings up to $150.0 million (the “ABL Facility”). The ABL Facility matures and all outstanding amounts become due and payable on December 18, 2024. However, if our Notes, which mature on August 1, 2023, have an aggregate principal amount of $10.0 million (updated from $50.0 million to $10.0 million as part of the Third Amendment to the Term Loan) or more outstanding 120 days prior to their maturity date (the “Trigger Date”), or if there are Notes in an aggregate principal amount of less than $10.0 million outstanding and we do not have sufficient excess availability of more than 20% under the ABL Facility on the Trigger Date, the ABL Facility will terminate on the Trigger Date.
On December 7, 2021, the Company entered into Amendment No. 2 (the “ABL Amendment No. 2”) to the Credit Agreement. ABL Amendment No. 2, among other things, (i) revises the applicable margin to 4.25% for LIBOR rate advances, (ii) provides that at all times beginning on the effective date of the ABL Amendment No. 2 and ending on the date Citibank shall have received and approved the borrowing base certificate for the calendar month ending December 31, 2021, the borrowing base shall not exceed the lesser of (a) the borrowing base calculated as set forth in the borrowing base certificate for the calendar month ending December 31, 2021 and (b) $108,500,000, (iii) establishes an interest reserve account for certain payments due under the Term Loan Credit Agreement, (iv) provides that after giving effect to any borrowing and any disbursements to be made by the Company with the proceeds of such borrowing, within one business day of such borrowing, the Company and its U.S. subsidiaries may not have more than $5.0 million cash on hand, (v) provides for weekly variance testing to be delivered to Citibank, (vi) requires the Company to have used all of the proceeds borrowed under the Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement prior to borrowing under the Credit Agreement, and (vii) increases the amount of subordinated debt available to be incurred by the Company to account for (a) the additional $27.5 million borrowed under the Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement, (b) any additional amount borrowed under the Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement not to exceed $75.0 million in the aggregate, and (c) the payment of interest in the form of payment-in-kind interest with respect to the Initial Term Loans (as defined in the Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement).
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The ABL Facility contains customary conditions to borrowings, events of default and covenants. In the event that our excess availability is less than the greater of (i) $15.0 million and (ii) 10.00% of the lesser of (1) the current borrowing base and (2) the commitments under the ABL Facility then in effect, a consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.00 to 1.00 must be maintained. Upon the occurrence of certain events of default, an additional 2.0% interest maybe required on the outstanding loans under the ABL Facility.
On February 11, 2022, we entered into a new credit agreement with the lender parties thereto, and Eclipse Business Capital, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, as agent, (“Eclipse”) (such agreement, the “ABL Credit Agreement”). Available funding commitments to us under the ABL Credit Agreement, subject to certain conditions, include a revolving credit line in an amount of up to $130.0 million to be provided by certain affiliates of Eclipse (the “Revolving Credit Loans”), with a $35.0 million sublimit for swingline borrowings and a $26.0 million sublimit for issuances of letters of credit, and an incremental delayed draw term loan of up to $35.0 million (the “Delayed Draw Term Loans”) to be provided by Corre Partners Management, LLC and certain of its affiliates (“Corre”) (collectively, the “ABL Credit Facility”). The ABL Credit Facility matures and all outstanding amounts become due and payable on February 11, 2025, however, the ABL Credit Facility is subject to the Trigger Date as defined above. The proceeds of the loans under the ABL Credit Facility were used to, among other things, pay off the amounts owed under the Credit Agreement, which was repaid and terminated in full on February 11, 2022.
Revolving Credit Loans bear interest through maturity at a variable rate based upon an annual rate of a LIBOR Rate (or a Base Rate (as defined below) if the LIBOR Rate is unavailable for any reason), plus an applicable margin (“LIBOR Rate Loan” and “Base Rate Loan”, respectively). The “Base Rate” is defined as a fluctuating interest rate equal to the greatest of (1) the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, (2) Wells Fargo Bank, National Association’s prime rate, and (3) the one-month LIBOR Rate. The “applicable margin” is defined as a rate of 3.15%, 3.40% or 3.65% for Base Rate Loans with a 2.00% Base Rate floor and a rate of 4.15%, 4.40% or 4.65% for LIBOR Rate Loans with a 1.00% LIBOR floor, in each case depending on the amount of EBITDA as of the most recent measurement period, as reported in a monthly compliance certificate. The Delayed Draw Term Loans shall bear interest through maturity at a rate of the LIBOR Rate plus 10.0%, with a 1.00% LIBOR floor. The fee for undrawn revolving amounts is 0.50% and the fee for undrawn Delayed Draw Term Loan amounts is 3.00%. Interest under the ABL Credit Facility is payable monthly. We will also be required to pay customary letter of credit fees, as necessary. The Company may make voluntary prepayments of the loans under the ABL Credit Facility from time to time, subject, in the case of the Delayed Draw Term Loans, to certain conditions. Mandatory prepayments are also required in certain circumstances, including with respect to the Delayed Draw Term Loan, if the ratio of aggregate value of the collateral under the ABL Credit Facility to the sum of the delayed draw term loans plus revolving facility usage outstanding is less than 130%. Amounts repaid may be re-borrowed, subject to compliance with the borrowing base and the other conditions set forth in the ABL Credit Agreement, subject, in the case of the Delayed Draw Term Loans to a maximum of four such borrowings in any 12-month period. Certain permanent repayments of the ABL Credit Facility loans are subject to the payment of a premium of 2.00% during the first year of the facility, 1.00% during the second year of the facility, and 0.50% in the last year of the facility. The ABL Credit Agreement contains customary conditions to borrowings and covenants, including covenants that restrict our ability to sell assets, make changes to the nature of our business, engage in mergers or acquisitions, incur, assume or permit to exist additional indebtedness and guarantees, create or permit to exist liens, pay dividends, issue equity instruments, make distributions or redeem or repurchase capital stock or make other investments, engage in transactions with affiliates and make payments in respect of certain debt. The ABL Credit Agreement also requires that we will not exceed $20.0 million in unfinanced capital expenditures in any calendar year; provided that this requirement will not apply if we maintain a net leverage ratio of less than or equal to 4.00 to 1.00 as of the end of the second and fourth fiscal quarter of each calendar year. In addition, the ABL Credit Agreement includes customary events of default, the occurrence of which may require that we pay an additional 2.0% interest on the outstanding loans under the ABL Credit Agreement.
On December 18, 2020, we also entered into a credit agreement with Atlantic Park Strategic Capital Fund, L.P., as agent, and APSC Holdco II, L.P. (“APSC”), as lender (the “Term Loan Credit Agreement”), pursuant to which we borrowed a $250.0 million term loan (the “Term Loan”). The Term Loan matures, and all outstanding amounts become due and payable on December 18, 2026, provided that certain conditions could result in an earlier maturity, including if the Notes have an aggregate principal amount outstanding of $10.0 million or more on the Trigger Date, in which case the Term Loan will terminate on the Trigger Date.
On February 11, 2022, we entered into Amendment No. 6 (the “Sixth Amendment”) to the Term Loan Credit Agreement. The Sixth Amendment, among other things and subject to the terms thereof, (i) permits the entry into the ABL Credit Agreement, (ii) permits certain interest payments due under the Term Loan Credit Agreement to be paid in kind, (iii) permits certain asset sales and requires certain related mandatory prepayments, subject to an applicable prepayment premium, and (iv) amends the financial covenants, such that the maximum net leverage ratio of 7.00 to 1.00 will not be tested until the fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2023, and the Company is not permitted to exceed $20.0 million in unfinanced capital expenditures in any calendar year; provided, that this unfinanced capital expenditures requirement will not apply if the Company maintains a net leverage ratio of less than or equal to 4.00 to 1.00 as of the end of the second and fourth fiscal quarter of each calendar year.
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On November 9, 2021, we entered into a credit agreement (the “Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement”) with Corre Credit Fund, LLC (“Corre Fund”), as agent, and the lenders party thereto providing for an unsecured $50.0 million delayed draw subordinated term loan facility (the “Subordinated Term Loan”). Pursuant to the Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement, we borrowed $22.5 million on November 9, 2021, and an additional $27.5 million on December 8, 2021. The Subordinated Term Loan matures, and all outstanding amounts become due and payable, on the earlier of December 31, 2026 and the date that is two weeks later than the maturity or full repayment of the Term Loan. The stated interest rate on the Subordinated Term Loan is 12%.
On February 11, 2022, we entered into Amendment No. 5 (the “Corre Amendment 5”) to the Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement with the lenders from time to time party thereto (including Corre), and Cantor Fitzgerald Securities, as agent. The Corre Amendment 5, among other things, (i) provides for an additional commitment of $10.0 million in subordinated delayed draw term loans to be available for borrowing by the Company until July 1, 2022, (ii) permits the entry into the ABL Credit Facility, (iii) permits certain asset sales and requires certain related mandatory prepayments, subject to an applicable prepayment premium, and (iv) amends the financial covenants, such that the maximum net leverage ratio of 7.00 to 1.00 will not be tested until the fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2023, and the Company is not permitted to exceed $20.0 million in unfinanced capital expenditures in any calendar year; provided, that this unfinanced capital expenditures requirement will not apply if the Company maintains a net leverage ratio of less than or equal to 4.00 to 1.00 as of the end of the second and fourth fiscal quarter of each calendar year.
Our ability to maintain compliance with the financial covenants is dependent upon our future operating performance and future financial condition, both of which are subject to various risks and uncertainties. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the related economic repercussions could have a significant adverse effect on our financial position and business condition, as well as our clients and suppliers. Additionally, these events may, among other factors, impact our ability to generate cash flows from operations, access the capital markets on acceptable terms or at all, and affect our future need or ability to borrow under our ABL Credit Facility. In addition to our current sources of funding our business, the effects of such events may impact our liquidity or our need to revise our allocation or sources of capital, implement further cost reduction measures and/or change our business strategy. Although the COVID-19 pandemic and related economic repercussions could have a broad range of effects on our liquidity sources, the effects will depend on future developments and cannot be predicted at this time.
We rely primarily on cash flows from our operations to make required interest and principal payments on our debt. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flows from our operations, we may be unable to pay interest and principal obligations on our debt when they become due. Failure to comply with these obligations or failure to comply with the financial covenants discussed above could result in an event of default, which would permit our lenders to accelerate the repayment of the debt. If our lenders accelerate the repayment of debt, there is no assurance that we could refinance such debt on terms favorable to us or at all.
Our ABL Facility and Term Loan bear interest at variable market rates. If market interest rates increase, our interest expense and cash flows could be adversely impacted. Based on borrowings outstanding at December 31, 2021, an increase in market interest rates of 100 basis points would increase our interest expense and decrease our operating cash flows by approximately $3.1 million on an annual basis.
Our ABL Credit Facility and Term Loan restrict our ability to, among other items, incur additional indebtedness, engage in mergers, acquisitions and dispositions and alter the business conducted by us. These restrictions could adversely affect our ability to operate our businesses and may limit our ability to take advantage of potential business opportunities as they arise.
We may not be able to continue as a going concern. We have suffered recurring operating losses related to the COVID pandemic, related economic repercussions, and difficult market conditions and prior to the Recent Financing Transactions discussed below, the Company required additional liquidity to continue its operations over the next twelve months. During the year, revenues and margins continued to decline against forecast along with margin pressures from inflationary costs including labor, materials, and transportation resulting in further operating losses. As of December 31, 2021, we are in compliance with our debt covenants; however, our financial forecasts as of December 31, 2021 indicated insufficient cash flows from operations to address our near-term liquidity needs and maintain compliance with our debt covenants within one year following the date that our financial statements are issued.
As discussed in Note 1 – Recent Financing Transactions, on February 11, 2022, the Company successfully closed on financing transactions that provided improved liquidity and runway to execute on the business turnaround, support working capital needs and pursue potential strategic alternatives. Following the Recent Financing Transactions, we evaluated the Company’s liquidity within one year after the date of issuance of these consolidated financial statements to determine if there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. In the preparation of this liquidity assessment, we applied judgment to estimate the projected cash flows of the Company, including the following: (i) projected cash outflows, (ii) projected cash inflows, and (iii) excess availability level under the Company’s existing debt arrangements. The cash flow projections were based on known or planned cash requirements for operating and financing costs. We believe, based on the
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Company’s forecast, that current working capital and capital expenditure financing is sufficient to fund the operations, maintain compliance with our debt covenants, and satisfy the Company’s obligations as they come due within one year after the date of issuance of these financial statements. While the Recent Financing Transactions provide us with additional funding to meet our near-term liquidity needs and included a waiver of our debt covenants through March 31, 2023, there can be no assurance that (i) our lenders will provide additional waivers or amendments in the event of future non-compliance with our debt covenants, or other possible events of default that could happen, or (ii) that we will generate adequate liquidity to fund our operations, or to satisfy the obligations under our convertible debt and potential acceleration of debt maturities that may become due on April 3, 2023 related to the Trigger Date.
The accounting method for our convertible debt securities may have a material effect on our reported financial results. On July 31, 2017 we issued $230.0 million principal amount of 5.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023 in a private offering. In December 2020, we retired $136.9 million par value of our Notes for $135.5 million, excluding accrued interest, using proceeds from the Term Loan and borrowings under the ABL Facility. As of December 31, 2021, the principal amount of Notes outstanding was $93.1 million.
Convertible debt instruments (such as the Notes) that may be settled entirely or partly in cash are currently accounted for utilizing the treasury stock method if we have the ability and intent to settle in cash, the effect of which is that the shares issuable upon conversion of the Notes are not included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share except to the extent that the conversion value of the Notes exceeds their principal amount and if the effect would be dilutive. Under the treasury stock method, for diluted earnings per share purposes, the transaction is accounted for as if the number of shares of common stock that would be necessary to settle such excess, if we elected to settle such excess in shares, are issued. We cannot be sure that we will be able to demonstrate the ability or intent to settle the Notes in cash in any future reporting period. Additionally, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) has recently issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity, which will eliminate the use of the treasury stock method to calculate diluted earnings per share. We expect to adopt ASU 2020-06 beginning January 1, 2022, at which time we would utilize the if-converted method, which would require us to assume the Notes would be settled entirely in shares of common stock for purposes of calculating diluted earnings per share, if the effect would be dilutive. In such case, our diluted earnings per share would be adversely affected.
Transactions relating to our convertible debt securities may dilute the ownership interest of existing stockholders, or may otherwise depress the price of our common stock. The Notes are convertible into 4,291,705 shares of common stock. Upon conversion, we may settle the Notes in cash or in shares of common stock or a combination of cash and shares of common stock, in each case, at our election. If the Notes are converted, our current intent is to settle the principal amount of the Notes in cash and settle the remainder of our conversion obligation by issuing shares of common stock; however, we cannot guarantee that we will have sufficient funds available to us at the time of any such conversions in order to effect settlement in that manner. In such case, we could elect to settle the conversion obligation in a different combination of cash and shares of common stock or entirely in shares of common stock, depending on the circumstances. To the extent we deliver shares of common stock upon conversion of the Notes, the ownership interests of existing stockholders would be diluted. Any sales in the public market of the common stock issuable upon such conversion could adversely affect prevailing market prices of our common stock.
Risks Related to Information Systems
Our business and operations would suffer in the event of computer system failures, cyber-attacks or deficiencies in our cyber-security or those of third-party providers. In the ordinary course of our business, we continue to increase dependencies on digital technologies to conduct our business. Sensitive data is also transmitted on our networks and systems, including our intellectual property and proprietary information that is confidential to the business, to our customers and our business partners. We have also outsourced significant elements of our information technology infrastructure and, as a result, third parties may or could have access to our confidential information. The secure maintenance of this information is critical to our business and reputation. Despite the implementation of security measures, our internal computer systems, and those of third parties on which we rely, are vulnerable to damage from computer viruses, malware, ransomware, cyber fraud, natural disasters, terrorism, war, telecommunication and electrical failures, cyber-attacks or cyber-intrusions over the Internet, attachments to emails, persons inside our organization, or persons with access to systems inside our organization. The risk of a security breach or disruption, particularly through cyber-attacks or cyber intrusion, including by computer hackers, foreign governments, and cyber terrorists, has generally increased as the number, intensity and sophistication of attempted attacks and intrusions from around the world have increased. Any such breach could compromise our networks and the information stored there could be accessed, publicly disclosed, encrypted, lost or stolen. Any such access, inappropriate disclosure of confidential or proprietary information or other loss of information, including our data being breached at third-party providers, could result in legal claims or proceedings, liability or financial loss under laws that protect the privacy of personal information, disruption of our operations with increases in costs and decline in revenues, damage to intellectual property or our product development programs and damage to our reputation, which could adversely affect our business.
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Furthermore, we and our third-party providers rely on electronic communications and information system to conduct our operations. We and our third-party providers have been, and may continue to be, targeted by parties using fraudulent e-mails and other communications in attempts to misappropriate bank accounting information, passwords, or other personal information or to introduce viruses or other malware to our information systems. We currently maintain an insurance related to cybersecurity breaches and are exploring a range of steps to enhance our security protections and prevent future unauthorized activity. Though we endeavor to mitigate these threats, cyber-attacks against us or our third-party providers and business partners remain a serious issue. The pervasiveness of cybersecurity incidents in general and the risks of cyber-crime are complex and continue to evolve. Fortunately, our cybersecurity posture continued to improve in 2021. One of the legacy ERP systems was migrated into the Company’s main US ERP system, and several aging applications on our externally facing firewalls were upgraded. However, a number of other ERP systems are out of vendor support with no assurance that our security efforts will be effective or that security breaches would not be damaging.
Interruptions in the proper functioning of our information systems could disrupt operations and cause increases in costs and/or decreases in revenues. The proper functioning of our information systems is critical to the successful operation of our business. Although our information systems are protected through physical and software safeguards, our information systems are still vulnerable to natural disasters, power losses, telecommunication failures and other problems. If critical information systems fail or are otherwise unavailable, our business operations could be adversely affected.
Risks Related to Regulations
Fluctuations in our effective tax rate and our tax obligations could adversely affect our financial results. We are subject to taxes in the U.S. and in various foreign jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in determining our worldwide income tax provision, which includes assessing the restrictions on tax credits, offset gains or repatriation of cash proceeds, tax assets and accruals for other taxes, and there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. Our effective income tax rate could be adversely affected by our profit levels, changes in our business, reorganization of our business and operating structure, changes in the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates, changes in the elections we make, changes in applicable tax laws or interpretations of existing tax laws or changes in the valuation allowance for deferred tax assets, as well as other factors.
We are also currently subject to audit in various jurisdictions, and these jurisdictions may assess additional income tax liabilities against us. Developments in an audit, litigation, or the relevant laws, regulations, administrative practices, principles, and interpretations could have a material effect on our operating results or cash flows in the period or periods for which that development occurs, as well as for prior and subsequent periods.
Our operations and properties are subject to extensive environmental, health and safety regulations. We are subject to a variety of U.S. federal, state, local and international laws and regulations relating to the environment, and worker health and safety, among other things. These laws and regulations are complex, change frequently, are becoming increasingly stringent, and can impose substantial sanctions for violations or require operational changes that may limit our services. We must conform our operations to comply with applicable regulatory requirements and adapt to changes in such requirements in all locations in which we operate. These requirements can be expected to increase the overall costs of providing our services over time. Some of our services involve handling or monitoring highly regulated materials, including volatile organic compounds or hazardous wastes. Environmental laws and regulations generally impose limitations and standards for the characterization, handling, disposal, discharge or emission of regulated materials and require us to obtain permits and comply with various other requirements. The improper characterization, handling, or disposal of regulated materials or any other failure by us to comply with increasingly complex and strictly-enforced federal, state, local, and international environmental, health and safety laws and regulations or associated permits could subject us to the assessment of administrative, civil and criminal penalties, the imposition of investigatory or remedial obligations or capital expenditure requirements, or the issuance of injunctions that could restrict or prevent our ability to operate our business and complete contracted services. A defect in our services or faulty workmanship could result in an environmental liability if, as a result of the defect or faulty workmanship, a contaminant is released into the environment. In addition, the modification or interpretation of existing environmental, health and safety laws or regulations, the more vigorous enforcement of existing laws or regulations, or the adoption of new laws or regulations may also negatively impact industries in which our clients operate, which in turn could have a negative impact on us.
Climate change legislation or regulations restricting emissions of “greenhouse gases” could result in reduced demand for our services and products. There has been an increased focus in the last several years on climate change in response to findings that emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and other greenhouse gases present an endangerment to public health and the environment. As a result, there have been a variety of regulatory developments, proposals or requirements and legislative initiatives that have been introduced in the U.S. and other parts of the world that are focused on restricting the emission of greenhouse gases. The new Presidential administration has also emphasized its intention to actively pursue its policy goals of addressing global climate change through significant economy-wide reductions in greenhouse gases and hastening the transition from carbon-based energy sources. The adoption of new or more stringent legislation or regulatory programs limiting
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greenhouse gas emissions from clients, particularly those in refining and petrochemical industries, for whom we provide repair and maintenance services, or reducing the demand for those clients’ products, could in turn affect demand for our products and services. Some of our clients are modifying their plants and facilities in efforts to better align their operations and products with these energy transition issues, but there is no assurance that such modified facilities will require the same level of services and product that we currently provide.
Finally, some scientists have concluded that increasing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere may produce physical effects, such as increased severity and frequency of storms, droughts, floods and other climate events. Such climate events have the potential to adversely affect our operations or those of our clients, which in turn could have a negative effect on us. Such events, if increasing in their severity and frequency, may also adversely affect our ability to insure against the risks associated with such events, thus leading to greater financial risk for us in the conduct of our operations against the backdrop of such events.
The United Kingdom’s (the “U.K.”) departure from the European Union (the “EU”) could adversely affect us. On January 31, 2020, the U.K. departed from the EU (commonly referred to as “Brexit”) and the effects of the United Kingdom’s departure from the EU have been and are expected to continue to be far-reaching.
The outcome of Brexit caused volatility in global stock markets and foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations and uncertainty about the terms and impact of Brexit may continue to do so in the future. Brexit could adversely affect U.K., regional European and worldwide economic and market conditions and could contribute to instability in global financial and foreign exchange markets, including volatility in the value of the British Pound and Euro, which in turn could adversely affect our clients, particularly in the U.K. Given these possibilities and others we may not anticipate, as well as the lack of comparable precedent, Brexit and the perceptions as to its potential impact may continue to adversely affect business activity and economic conditions. It could also lead to legal uncertainty and potentially divergent national laws and regulations as the U.K. determines which EU laws to replace or replicate. Any potential negative effects and the full extent to which our business, results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows could be adversely affected by Brexit is uncertain.
We are subject to privacy and data security/protection laws in the jurisdictions in which we operate and may be exposed to substantial costs and liabilities associated with such laws and regulations. The regulatory environment surrounding information security and privacy is increasingly demanding, with frequent imposition of new and changing requirements. Compliance with changes in privacy and information security laws and standards may result in significant expense due to increased investment in technology and the development of new operational processes, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. In addition, the payment of potentially significant fines or penalties in the event of a breach or other privacy and information security laws, as well as the negative publicity associated with such a breach, could damage our reputation and adversely impact product demand and client relationships.
Risks Related to Legal Liability
Our insurance coverage will not fully indemnify us against certain claims or losses. Further, our insurance has limits and exclusions and not all losses or claims are insured. We perform services in hazardous environments on or around high-pressure, high temperature systems and our employees are exposed to a number of hazards, including exposure to hazardous materials, explosion hazards and fire hazards. Incidents that occur at these large industrial facilities or systems, regardless of fault, may be catastrophic and adversely impact our employees and third parties by causing serious personal injury, loss of life, damage to property or the environment, and interruption of operations. Our contracts typically require us to indemnify our clients for injury, damage or loss arising out of our presence at our clients’ location, regardless of fault, or the performance of our services and provide for warranties for materials and workmanship. We may also be required to name the client as an additional insured under our insurance policies. We maintain limited insurance coverage against these and other risks associated with our business. Due to the high cost of general liability coverage, we maintain insurance with a self-insured retention of $1.0 million and a deductible of $2.0 million per occurrence. This insurance may not protect us against liability for certain events, including events involving pollution, product or professional liability, losses resulting from business interruption or acts of terrorism or damages from our breach of contract. We cannot assure you that our insurance will be adequate in risk coverage or policy limits to cover all losses or liabilities that we may incur. Moreover, in the future, due to evolving market conditions, our higher risk profile due to the nature of our operations and claims history, and expected impact on pricing, we cannot assure that we will be able to maintain insurance at levels of risk coverage or policy limits that we deem adequate. Any future damages caused by our products or services that are not covered by insurance or are in excess of policy limits could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
We are involved and are likely to continue to be involved in legal proceedings, which will increase our costs and, if adversely determined, could have a material effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows. We are currently a defendant in legal proceedings arising from the operation of our business and it is reasonable to expect that we will be named in future actions. Most of the legal proceedings against us arise out of the normal course of performing services at client facilities, and include claims for workers’ compensation, personal injury and property damage. Legal proceedings can be
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expensive to defend and can divert the attention of management and other personnel for significant periods of time, regardless of the ultimate outcome. An unsuccessful defense of a liability claim could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
General Risk Factors
Other risk factors may include interruption of our operations, or the operations of our clients due to fire, floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, power loss, war, political or civil unrest, telecommunications failure, terrorist attacks, labor disruptions, health epidemics and other events beyond our control.
Any of these factors, individually or in combination, could materially and adversely affect our future results of operations, financial position, cash flows and/or stock price and could also affect whether any forward-looking statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K ultimately prove to be accurate.
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ITEM 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
NONE

ITEM 2.    PROPERTIES

We provide our services globally through approximately 200 locations in more than 20 countries throughout the world. There are several materially important physical properties used in our operations. We own a facility in Alvin, Texas that consists of our primary training facility, equipment center and ISO-9001 certified manufacturing facility for clamps, enclosures, and sealants. Additionally, we operate two manufacturing facilities in Houston, Texas (one of which is owned and the other is leased), which are included in our MS segment. Further, we lease office space for our corporate headquarters in Sugar Land, Texas and for our Quest Integrity segment headquarters in Kent, Washington. Additional district service locations considered materially important in our IHT and MS segments are as follows. We lease facilities in Mobile, Alabama; Benicia, California; Harbor City, California; Hammond, Indiana; Columbus, Ohio; Pasadena, Texas (two locations); and Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. We own a facility in Pasadena, Texas; a facility in Vlissingen, Netherlands and three facilities in the United Kingdom in Kendal, Carlisle and Scunthorpe.
We believe that our property and equipment are adequate for our current needs, although additional investments are expected to be made for expansion of property and equipment, replacement of assets at the end of their useful lives will occur in connection with corporate development activities.
ITEM 3.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
Information regarding our legal proceedings can be found in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
NOT APPLICABLE
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PART II
ITEM 5.    MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Market Information
Our stock is traded on the NYSE under the symbol “TISI”.
Holders
There were 513 holders of record of our common stock as of March 11, 2022, excluding beneficial owners of stock held in street name.
Dividends
No cash dividends were declared or paid during the years ended December 31, 2021 or 2020. We are limited in our ability to pay cash dividends without the consent of our lenders. Accordingly, we have no present intention to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Additionally, any future dividend payments will continue to depend on our financial condition, market conditions and other matters deemed relevant by the Board.
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Performance Graph
The following performance graph compares the performance of our common stock to the NYSE Composite Index and a Peer Group Index. The comparison assumes $100 was invested on December 31, 2016 in our common stock, the NYSE Composite Index and the Peer Group Index. The values of each investment are based on share price appreciation, with reinvestment of all dividends, assuming any were paid. For each graph, the investments are assumed to have occurred at the beginning of each period presented. For the year ended December 31, 2021, the following companies included in the Peer Group are relevant for comparison in terms of service offerings, industry and other factors: Barnes Group Inc., CIRCOR International Inc., Clean Harbors Inc., DXP Enterprises Inc., Emcor Group Inc., Enerpac Tool Group Corp, EnPro Industries Inc., ESCO Technologies Inc.,  MasTec, Inc., Matrix Service Company, Mistras Group,Inc., MYR Group Inc., Primoris Services Corporation, Quanta Services, Inc., Tetra Tech, Inc. and TETRA Technologies, Inc.
https://cdn.kscope.io/27526533d81a628b8732b9e306f76cd5-tisi-20211231_g2.jpg
*    $100 invested on 12/31/16 in stock or index, including reinvestment of dividends.
12/1612/1712/1812/1912/2012/21
Team, Inc.100.00 37.96 37.32 40.69 27.77 2.78 
NYSE Composite100.00 118.73 108.10 135.68 145.16 175.18 
Russell 2000100.00 114.65 102.02 128.06 153.62 176.39 
Peer Group100.00 111.48 90.73 129.96 149.99 200.11 
Note: The above information was provided by Research Data Group, Inc.
The information under the caption “Performance Graph” above is not deemed to be “filed” as part of the Annual Report on Form 10-K and is not subject to the liability provisions of Section 18 of the Exchange Act. Such information will not be deemed incorporated by reference into any filing we make under the Securities Act unless we explicitly incorporate it into such filing at such time.
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ITEM 6.    SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
RESERVED
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ITEM 7.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is provided as a supplement to the accompanying consolidated financial statements and notes to help provide an understanding of our financial condition, changes in financial condition, and results of operations. The following should be read in conjunction with Item 1 “Business,” Item 1A “Risk Factors,” Item 2 “Properties,” and Item 8 “Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data,” included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Forward-Looking Statements
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. Such forward-looking statements include those that express plans, anticipation, intent, contingency, goals, targets or future development and/or otherwise are not statements of historical fact. See Item 1 at the beginning of this Annual Report.
General Development of Business
We are a global leading provider of integrated, digitally-enabled asset performance assurance and optimization solutions. We deploy conventional to highly specialized inspection, condition assessment, maintenance and repair services that result in greater safety, reliability and operational efficiency for our clients’ most critical assets. We conduct operations in three segments: Inspection and Heat Treating (“IHT”), Mechanical Services (“MS”) and Quest Integrity. Through the capabilities and resources in these three segments, we believe that we are uniquely qualified to provide integrated solutions involving: inspection to assess condition; engineering assessment to determine fitness for purpose in the context of industry standards and regulatory codes; and mechanical services to repair, rerate or replace based upon the client’s election. In addition, we are capable of escalating with the client’s needs, as dictated by the severity of the damage found and the related operating conditions, from standard services to some of the most advanced services and integrated asset integrity and reliability management solutions available in the industry. We also believe that we are unique in our ability to provide services in three distinct client demand profiles: (i) turnaround or project services, (ii) call-out services, and (iii) nested or run-and-maintain services.
IHT provides conventional and advanced non-destructive testing (“NDT”) services primarily for the process, pipeline and power sectors, pipeline integrity management services, and field heat treating services, as well as associated engineering and condition assessment services. These services can be offered while facilities are running (on-stream), during facility turnarounds or during new construction or expansion activities. IHT also provides advanced digital imaging including remote digital video imaging, laser scanning and laser profilometry-enabled reformer care services.
MS provides solutions designed to serve clients’ unique needs during both the operational (onstream) and off-line states of their assets. Our onstream services include our range of standard to custom-engineered leak repair and composite solutions; emissions control and compliance; hot tapping and line stopping; and on-line valve insertion solutions, which are delivered while assets are in an operational condition, which maximizes client production time. Asset shutdowns can be planned, such as a turnaround maintenance event, or unplanned, such as those due to component failure or equipment breakdowns. Our specialty maintenance, turnaround and outage services are designed to minimize client downtime and are primarily delivered while assets are off-line and often through the use of cross-certified technicians, whose multi-craft capabilities deliver the production needed to achieve tight time schedules. These critical services include on-site field machining; bolted-joint integrity; vapor barrier plug testing; and valve management solutions.
Quest Integrity provides integrity and reliability management solutions for the process, pipeline and power sectors. These solutions encompass three broadly-defined disciplines: (1) highly specialized in-line inspection services for historically unpiggable process piping and pipelines using proprietary in-line inspection tools and analytical software; and (2) advanced engineering and condition assessment services through a multi-disciplined engineering team and related lab support.
We market our services to companies in a diverse array of heavy industries, which include:
Energy (refining, power, renewables, nuclear and liquefied natural gas);
Manufacturing and Process (chemical, petrochemical, pulp and paper industries, manufacturing, automotive and mining);
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Midstream and Others (valves, terminals and storage, pipeline and offshore oil and gas);
Public Infrastructure (amusement parks, bridges, ports, construction and building, roads, dams and railways); and
Aerospace and Defense.
In January 2021, we announced a strategic reorganization. The new streamlined structure supports our global operations with greater focus on further improving operational and financial performance through three new operating groups: Inspection and Heat Treating Group (the “IHT Group”), Mechanical & Onstream Services group (the “MOS Group”) and Asset Integrity & Digital (the “AID Group”). The IHT Group, which is included in the IHT segment, is dedicated to growing its stable nested footprint as regulatory compliance requirements increase, expanding turnaround activity, and diversifying its end markets globally, such as through increased investment in the Aerospace business line. The MOS Group, which is included in the MS segment, continues to target turnarounds and capital projects, and improve performance, efficiency, and longevity of aging critical assets. The MOS Group is primed to grow with the industry recovery led by the high demand of maintenance and call-out work. The AID Group, which is included in our Quest Integrity segment, will focus on expanding mechanical and pipeline integrity, risk-based inspection, remote visual inspection, and digital platform. The AID Group will also optimize our research and development activities, including product and technology development. These changes had no effect on our reportable segments.

Significant Factors Impacting Results and Recent Developments
Our revenues, gross margins and other results of operations can be influenced by a variety of factors in any given period, including those described in Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements above and Part 1, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” included in this report have caused fluctuations in our results in the past and are expected to cause fluctuations in our results in the future. Additional information with respect to certain factors are described below.
COVID-19 Pandemic and Market Conditions Update.  The impact of COVID-19 and, more recently the Delta and Omicron variants of the COVID-19 virus, continues to affect our workforce and operations, as well as the operations of our clients, suppliers and contractors. During this period, we have continued to focus on the following key priorities:
the health and safety of our employees and business continuity;
the alignment of our business to the near term market dynamics and demand for our services; and
our end market revenue diversification strategy.
The ultimate duration and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic remains unclear. However, we believe the increased availability and administration of COVID-19 vaccines, easing of pandemic related restrictions, reopening of economies, and increasing commodity prices are positive signs of broader economic recovery.
The extent of COVID-19’s effect on our operational and financial performance will depend on future developments, including the duration, spread and intensity of the pandemic (including any resurgences), impact of the new COVID-19 variants and the continued rollout and acceptance of COVID-19 vaccines, and the level of social and economic restrictions imposed in the United States and abroad in an effort to curb the spread of the virus, all of which are uncertain and difficult to predict considering the rapidly evolving landscape.
Under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”), we qualified to defer the employer portion of social security taxes incurred through the end of calendar 2020. As of December 31, 2021, we have deferred employer payroll taxes of $14.1 million. We paid $7.0 million of the deferred payroll taxes in January 2022 with the remaining balance due at the end of 2022. Additionally, other governments in jurisdictions where we operate passed legislation to provide employers with relief programs, which include wage subsidy grants, deferral of certain payroll related expenses and tax payments and other benefits. We elected to treat qualified government subsidies from Canada and other governments as offsets to the related expenses. As a result, we recognized $6.2 million and $1.5 million as a reduction to operating expenses and selling, general and administrative expenses, respectively, during the twelve months ended December 31, 2021. As of December 31, 2021, we also deferred certain payroll related expenses and tax payments of $3.2 million under other foreign government programs which will be due in 2022.
Goodwill Impairment. As discussed in Note 8 of the consolidated financial statements further below, we recognized a non-cash goodwill impairment charge during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 of $55.8 million for the MS operating segment and non-cash goodwill impairment charge during the three months ended December 31, 2021 of $8.8 million for the Quest Integrity operating segment. Total goodwill impairment charges for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021 was $64.6 million. These charges were a result of goodwill impairment test that was triggered as a result of certain impairment indicators that were present during the quarter, primarily related to the continued curtailment of operations, decline in our
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forecast, continued declines in our stock price, reporting unit operating losses, and continued declines in the reporting units’ net sales compared to forecast.
Recent Financing Transactions. As more fully described below under “Liquidity and Capital Resources”, on February 11, 2022, we entered into a credit agreement with the lender parties thereto, and Eclipse Business Capital, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, as agent, (“Eclipse”) (such agreement, the “ABL Credit Agreement”). Available funding commitments to the Company under the ABL Credit Agreement, subject to certain conditions, include a revolving credit line in an amount of up to $130.0 million to be provided by certain affiliates of Eclipse (the “Revolving Credit Loans”), with a $35.0 million sublimit for swingline borrowings and a $26.0 million sublimit for issuances of letters of credit, and a delayed draw term loan of up to an incremental $35.0 million (the “Delayed Draw Term Loans”) to be provided by Corre Partners Management, LLC and certain of its affiliates (“Corre”) (the “ABL Credit Facility”). The ABL Credit Facility matures and all outstanding amounts become due and payable on February 11, 2025, however, if our Notes, which mature on August 1, 2023, have an aggregate principal amount of $10 million or more outstanding 120 days prior to their maturity date (the “Trigger Date”), the ABL Credit Facility will be terminated as of the Trigger Date. The proceeds of the loans under the ABL Credit Agreement were used to, among other things, pay off the amounts owed under the Credit Agreement, which was repaid and terminated in full on February 11, 2022.
In connection with the transactions contemplated by the ABL Credit Agreement, Corre, agreed to provide the Company incremental financing, totaling approximately $55.0 million, consisting of (i) $35.0 million Delayed Draw Term Loans under the ABL Credit Facility; (ii) $10.0 million from Corre in the form of the February 2022 Delayed Draw Term Loan (as defined in the Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement (as defined below)) on a pari passu basis with the existing loans issued pursuant to the Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement; and (iii) $10.0 million through an issuance of 11,904,762 shares of our common stock, to Corre Opportunities Qualified Master Fund, LP, Corre Horizon Fund, LP and Corre Horizon II Fund, LP at a price of $0.84 per share.
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Results of Operations
The following is a comparison of our results of operations for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021 compared to December 31, 2020 and for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020 compared to December 31, 2019.
Year Ended December 31, 2021 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2020
The following table sets forth the components of revenue and operating income (loss) from our operations for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):
 Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
Increase
(Decrease)
 20212020$%
Revenues by business segment:
IHT$415,371 $374,740 $40,631 10.8 %
MS378,826 392,484 (13,658)(3.5)%
Quest Integrity80,356 85,315 (4,959)(5.8)%
Total revenues$874,553 $852,539 $22,014 2.6 %
Operating income (loss):
IHT1
$12,997 $(174,638)$187,635 
NM4
MS2
(47,728)25,879 (73,607)
NM4
Quest Integrity3
900 16,474 (15,574)(94.5)%
Corporate and shared support services(92,151)(85,077)(7,074)(8.3)%
Total operating income (loss)$(125,982)$(217,362)$91,380 42.0 %
Interest expense, net$(46,308)$(29,818)$(16,490)(55.3)%
Loss on warrants(59)— (59)
NM4
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification— (2,224)2,224 
NM4
Other expense, net(2,461)(2,514)53 2.1 %
Loss before income taxes$(174,810)$(251,918)$77,108 30.6 %
(Provision) benefit for income taxes(11,209)14,715 (25,924)
NM4
Net loss$(186,019)$(237,203)$51,184 21.6 %
_________________
1    Includes goodwill impairment charge of $191.8 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020.
2    Includes goodwill impairment charge of $55.8 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021.
3    Includes goodwill impairment charge of $8.8 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2021.
4    NM - Not meaningful
Revenues. Total revenues increased $22.0 million or 2.6% from the same period in the prior year. Excluding the favorable impact of $15.0 million due to foreign currency exchange rate changes, total revenues increased by $7.0 million, IHT revenues increased by $35.1 million, MS revenues decreased by $21.4 million and Quest Integrity revenues decreased by $6.7 million. The increase in revenues in IHT is due to increased turnaround and project work in both the US and Canada. The decrease in revenue for MS was primarily due to decrease in maintenance activities and non-recurring projects from the prior year. The favorable impacts of foreign exchange rate changes are primarily due to the weakening of the U.S. dollar relative to the foreign currencies to which we have exposure during the current year.
Operating loss. Overall operating loss was $126.0 million, compared to an operating loss of $217.4 million in the prior year. The overall decrease in operating loss is attributable to IHT, which experienced an increase in operating income of $187.6 million due to a non-cash goodwill impairment charge recorded during the first quarter of 2020, arising from the impacts of COVID-19.
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Operating loss for the current year includes net expenses totaling $83.9 million that we do not believe are indicative of our core operating activities, while the same period in the prior year included $205.2 million of such items.

The detail of non-core expenses reflected in operating income (loss) are as follows (unaudited) (in thousands):
IHTMSQuest IntegrityCorporate and shared support servicesTotal
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2021
Professional fees and other1
$— $— $— $8,882 $8,882 
Legal costs2
— — — 7,243 7,243 
Severance charges,net3
661 524 357 1,564 3,106 
Goodwill impairment charge— 55,837 8,795 — 64,632 
Total$661 $56,361 $9,152 $17,689 $83,863 
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2020
Professional fees and other1
$— $— $— $5,062 $5,062 
Legal costs2
— — — 1,947 1,947 
Severance charges,net3
1,572 3,048 517 740 5,877 
Goodwill impairment charge191,788 — — — 191,788 
Natural disaster costs4
21 479 — — 500 
Total$193,381 $3,527 $517 $7,749 $205,174 
______________________

1    Consists primarily of professional fees and other costs for assessment of corporate and support cost structures. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2021, includes $1.9 million of costs associated with the Operating Group Reorganization, $3.9 million related to costs associated with debt financing, $2.8 million of corporate support costs, and $0.3 million associated with the OneTEAM program (exclusive of restructuring costs). For the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, includes $3.2 million associated with the OneTEAM program (exclusive of restructuring costs).
2    For the twelve months ended December 31, 2021, primarily relates to accrued legal matters and other legal fees. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, primarily relates to international legal and internal control review matters.
3    For the twelve months ended December 31, 2021, includes $2.9 million of severance charges associated with the Operating Group Reorganization and $0.2 million associated with other severances. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, $3.4 million of severance charges were associated with the OneTEAM program and $2.5 million in other severance charges were due to the impact of COVID-19.
4    Amount represents the insurance deductible amount for hurricane damage incurred during the period.
The detail of operating income (loss) excluding non-core expenses are as follow (unaudited) (in thousands):
 Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
Increase
(Decrease)
 20212020$%
Operating income (loss), excluding non-core expenses:
IHT$13,658 $18,743 $(5,085)(27.1)%
MS8,633 29,406 (20,773)(70.6)%
Quest Integrity10,052 16,991 (6,939)(40.8)%
Corporate and shared support services(74,462)(77,328)2,866 3.7 %
Total operating income (loss), excluding non-core expenses$(42,119)$(12,188)$(29,931)
NM1
______________________

1    NM - Not meaningful
Excluding the impact of non-core expenses, the overall decrease in operating income is primarily attributable to our IHT, MS and Quest Integrity segments, which experienced a decrease in operating income of $5.1 million, $20.8 million and $6.9 million, respectively. The lower operating income in Quest Integrity reflects lower activity levels due to travel restrictions as a result of COVID-19 and decline in overall activity levels. The operating loss increase in MS was largely attributable to a decrease in maintenance activities and non-recurring projects from the prior year. The prior year comparable is also challenging given that the pandemic did not have a material impact on the first three months of operations in 2020 as well as inflationary cost pressures in 2021. These movements were partially offset by a decrease in corporate and shared support service expenses of $2.9 million, which was driven primarily by lower payroll expenses.
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Other (income) expense, net. Other expense, net increased $0.1 million, from the same period in the prior year, primarily from foreign currency transaction losses in the current year compared to the prior year. Foreign currency transaction losses in the current year period reflect the effects of fluctuations in the U.S. Dollar relative to the foreign currencies to which we have exposure. Other expense, net also include certain components of our net periodic pension cost (credit) and a gain on disposal .
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification. In December 2020, we entered into lending arrangements, repaid all amounts outstanding under our prior credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) and retired $136.9 million par value of our 5.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023 (the “Notes”). In connection with these transactions, we recognized a loss of $2.2 million, comprised of approximately $4.4 million in unamortized debt issuance costs on the Credit Facility and expenses associated with the extinguishment of the Notes, partially offset by a $2.2 million gain on extinguishment of the Notes.
Loss on warrants. In November 2021, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Common Stock Purchase Warrant (the “A&R Warrant”) with APSC Holdco II, L.P. (“APSC Holdco”) pursuant to which the warrant issued in December 2020 to Atlantic Park Strategic Capital Fund, L.P. (“APSC”) to purchase up to 3,582,949 shares of Company common stock, which was initially exercisable at the holder’s option at any time, in whole or in part, until June 14, 2028, at an exercise price of $7.75 per share (the “Existing Warrant”) was amended and restated to provide for the purchase of up to 4,082,949 shares of Company common stock (which includes 500,000 of the shares of common stock issuable pursuant to additional warrants to APSC, providing for the purchase of an aggregate of 1,417,051 shares of our common stock (the “APSC Warrants”)) and to reduce the exercise price of the Existing Warrant to $1.50 per share. In connection with this transaction, reclassification of the A&R Warrant from a liability classification to equity post receipt of NYSE approval with the related change in fair value being recognized in the income statement resulted in a loss of $0.1 million.
Taxes. The provision for income tax was $11.2 million on the pre-tax loss from continuing operations of $174.8 million in the current year compared to the benefit for income tax of $14.7 million on pre-tax loss from continuing operations of $251.9 million in the prior year. The effective tax rate was a provision of 6.4% for the year ended December 31, 2021 and a benefit of 5.8% for the year ended December 31, 2020.The higher effective rate in 2021 is primarily attributable to the goodwill impairment loss taken during the year, a portion of which is not deductible for tax purposes and an increase in the valuation allowance.
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Year Ended December 31, 2020 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2019
The following table sets forth the components of revenue and operating income (loss) from our operations for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 (in thousands): 
 Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
Increase
(Decrease)
 20202019$%
Revenues by business segment:
IHT$374,740 $512,950 $(138,210)(26.9)%
MS392,484 535,372 (142,888)(26.7)%
Quest Integrity85,315 114,992 (29,677)(25.8)%
Total revenues$852,539 $1,163,314 $(310,775)(26.7)%
Operating income (loss):
IHT2
$(174,638)$24,084 $(198,722)
NM1
MS25,879 55,385 (29,506)(53.3)%
Quest Integrity16,474 28,757 (12,283)(42.7)%
Corporate and shared support services(85,077)(110,372)25,295 22.9 %
Total operating income (loss)$(217,362)$(2,146)$(215,216)
NM1
Interest expense, net$(29,818)$(29,713)$(105)(0.4)%
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification(2,224)(279)(1,945)
NM1
Other expense, net(2,514)(715)(1,799)
NM1
Loss before income taxes$(251,918)$(32,853)$(219,065)
NM1
Benefit for income taxes14,715 436 $14,279 
NM1
Net loss$(237,203)$(32,417)$(204,786)
NM1
_____________________

1    Not meaningful
2    Includes goodwill impairment charge of $191.8 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020.
Revenues. Total revenues declined $310.8 million or 26.7% from the same period in the prior year. Excluding the unfavorable impact of $2.3 million due to foreign currency exchange rate changes, total revenues decreased by $308.5 million, IHT revenues decreased by $137.9 million, MS revenues decreased by $141.5 million and Quest Integrity revenues decreased by $29.1 million. Decreased activity levels in IHT, MS and Quest Integrity were primarily due to volumes being negatively impacted by the outbreak of COVID-19 and the oversupplied oil market causing certain clients to temporarily close facilities and/or curtail operations, resulting in the postponement of client projects and lower demand for our services. Without the COVID-19 pandemic effects, we would typically benefit for a period of 12 to 18 months following a refining utilization rate drop, however, current market dynamics have delayed the demand growth for our products and services. The unfavorable impacts of foreign exchange rate changes are primarily due to the strengthening of the U.S. dollar relative to the foreign currencies to which we have exposure during this period.
Operating income (loss). Overall operating loss was $217.4 million, compared to an operating loss of $2.1 million in the year ended December 31, 2019. The increase in operating loss was primarily attributable to a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $191.8 million during the first quarter of 2020, which was triggered by the existence of impairment indicators, including the decline in our forecasts as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the related decline in market conditions in our IHT operating segment.
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Operating income (loss) for the year ended December 31, 2020 included net expenses totaling $205.2 million that we do not believe are indicative of our core operating activities, while the same period in the prior year included $23.3 million of such items, as detailed by segment in the table below (in thousands):
Expenses reflected in operating income (loss) that are not indicative of our core operating activities (unaudited) (in thousands):
IHTMSQuest IntegrityCorporate and shared support servicesTotal
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2020
Professional fees and other1
$— $— $— $5,062 $5,062 
Legal costs2
— — — 1,947 1,947 
Severance charges, net3
1,572 3,048 517 740 5,877 
Goodwill impairment charge191,788 — — — 191,788 
Natural disaster costs4
21 479 — — 500 
Total$193,381 $3,527 $517 $7,749 $205,174 
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2019
Professional fees and other1
$— $— $— $16,448 $16,448 
Legal costs2
— — — 5,167 $5,167 
Restructuring and other related charges3
249 418 62 947 1,676 
Total$249 $418 $62 $22,562 $23,291 
______________________
1    Consists primarily of professional fees and other costs for assessment of corporate and support cost structures. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, includes $3.2 million and $12.3 million, respectively, associated with the OneTEAM program (exclusive of restructuring costs).
2    For the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, primarily relates to accrued costs due to international legal and internal control review matters. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2019, primarily relates to accrued costs due to the resolution of a legal matter.
3    For the twelve months ended December 31, 2020 and twelve months ended December 31, 2019, includes $3.4 million and $1.7 million of severance charges associated with the OneTEAM program, including international restructuring under the OneTEAM program. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, $2.5 million in other severance charges were due to the impact of COVID-19.
4    Amount represents the insurance deductible amount for hurricane damage incurred during the period.
The detail of operating income (loss) excluding non-core expenses are as follow (unaudited) (in thousands):
 Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
Increase
(Decrease)
 20202019$%
Operating income (loss), excluding non-core expenses:
IHT$18,743 $24,333 $(5,590)(23.0)%
MS29,406 55,803 (26,397)(47.3)%
Quest Integrity16,991 28,819 (11,828)(41.0)%
Corporate and shared support services(77,328)(87,810)10,482 11.9 %
Total operating income (loss), excluding non-core expenses$(12,188)$21,145 $(33,333)(157.6)%
Excluding the impact of non-core expenses, the overall decrease in operating income is primarily attributable to our MS and Quest Integrity segments, which experienced a decrease in operating income of $26.4 million and $11.8 million, respectively. The lower operating income in MS and Quest Integrity reflects lower activity levels due to a decline in market conditions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the decline in oil prices. These movements were partially offset by a decrease in corporate and shared support service expenses of $10.5 million, which was driven primarily by lower payroll and noncash compensation expenses.
Other (income) expense, net. Other expense, net increased $1.8 million, or 252%, from the same period in the prior year, primarily from foreign currency transaction losses in the current year compared to the prior year. Foreign currency transaction losses in the current year period reflect the effects of fluctuations in the U.S. Dollar relative to the foreign currencies to which we have exposure. Other expense, net also include certain components of our net periodic pension cost (credit).
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification. In December 2020, we entered into lending arrangements, repaid all amounts outstanding under our prior credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) and retired $136.9 million par value of our 5.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023 (the “Notes”). In connection with these transactions, we recognized a loss of $2.2 million, comprised of approximately $4.4 million in unamortized debt issuance costs on the Credit Facility and expenses associated with
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the extinguishment of the Notes, partially offset by a $2.2 million gain on extinguishment of the Notes. See further discussion of our debt in Note 11- Long-term debt, to our consolidated financial statements included in this report. The write-off of debt issuance costs of $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 was associated with a reduction in capacity of the revolving portion of the Credit Facility in July 2019.
Taxes. The benefit for income tax was $14.7 million on the pre-tax loss from continuing operations of $251.9 million in the current year compared to the benefit for income tax of $0.4 million on pre-tax loss from continuing operations of $32.9 million in the prior year. The effective tax rate was a benefit of 5.8% for the year ended December 31, 2020 and a benefit of 1.3% for the year ended December 31, 2019.The higher effective rate benefit in 2020 is primarily attributable to the tax benefit related to the goodwill impairment loss taken during the year, a portion of which is not deductible for tax purposes, and tax benefits recorded as a result of certain provisions within the CARES Act, enacted on March 27, 2020. The rate was also positively impacted by a decrease in valuation allowance on the expected realizability of the Company’s deferred tax assets for net operating loss carryforwards in certain foreign jurisdictions in which the Company operates. These benefits were offset by an increase in valuation allowance on the expected realizability of the Company’s deferred tax assets for federal and state tax net operating loss carryforwards. The CARES Act was enacted as a stimulus package to mitigate the negative financial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy. A provision in the CARES Act allows for the carryback of net operating losses generated in certain tax years, which were previously only allowed to be carried forward, to recover income taxes paid at a higher statutory tax rate than the rate under current law. A tax benefit in the amount of $7.3 million was recorded during the year related to the carryback of net operating losses.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Reconciliations
We use supplemental non-GAAP financial measures which are derived from the consolidated financial information including adjusted net income (loss); adjusted net income (loss) per diluted share, earnings before interest and taxes (“EBIT”); adjusted EBIT (defined below); adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“adjusted EBITDA”) and free cash flow to supplement financial information presented on a GAAP basis.
We define adjusted net income (loss), adjusted net income (loss) per diluted share and adjusted EBIT to exclude the following items: costs associated with our OneTEAM program, costs associated with the Operating Group Reorganization (as defined in Note 17 to the consolidated financial statements), non-routine legal costs and settlements, restructuring charges, certain severance charges, goodwill impairment charges and certain other items that we believe are not indicative of core operating activities. Consolidated adjusted EBIT, as defined by us, excludes the costs excluded from adjusted net income (loss) as well as income tax expense (benefit), interest charges, foreign currency (gain) loss, and items of other (income) expense. Consolidated adjusted EBITDA further excludes from consolidated adjusted EBIT depreciation, amortization and non-cash share-based compensation costs. Segment adjusted EBIT is equal to segment operating income (loss) excluding costs associated with our OneTEAM program, costs associated with the Operating Group Reorganization, non-routine legal costs and settlements, restructuring charges, certain severance charges, goodwill impairment charges and certain other items as determined by management. Segment adjusted EBITDA further excludes from segment adjusted EBIT depreciation, amortization, and non-cash share-based compensation costs. Free cash flow is defined as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities minus capital expenditures.
Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to both management and investors in their analysis of our financial position and results of operations. In particular, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted net income (loss) per diluted share, consolidated adjusted EBIT, and consolidated adjusted EBITDA are meaningful measures of performance which are commonly used by industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies to analyze operating performance in our industry, perform analytical comparisons, benchmark performance between periods, and measure our performance against externally communicated targets. Our segment adjusted EBIT and segment adjusted EBITDA is also used as a basis for the Chief Operating Decision Maker to evaluate the performance of our reportable segments. Free cash flow is used by our management and investors to analyze our ability to service and repay debt and return value directly to stakeholders.
Non-GAAP measures have important limitations as analytical tools, because they exclude some, but not all, items that affect net earnings and operating income. These measures should not be considered substitutes for their most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures and should be read only in conjunction with financial information presented on a GAAP basis. Further, our non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies who may calculate non-GAAP financial measures differently, limiting the usefulness of those measures for comparative purposes. The liquidity measure of free cash flow does not represent a precise calculation of residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures. Reconciliations of each non-GAAP financial measure to its most directly comparable GAAP financial measure are presented below.

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The following tables set forth the reconciliation of Adjusted Net Income (Loss), EBIT and EBITDA to their most comparable GAAP financial measurements:
TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
(unaudited, in thousands except per share data)
Three Months Ended
December 31,
Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
2021202020212020
Adjusted Net Income (Loss):
Net loss$(43,053)$(14,875)$(186,019)$(237,203)
Professional fees and other1
5,775 1,076 8,882 5,062 
Legal costs2
398 21 7,243 1,947 
Severance charges, net3
302 876 3,106 5,877 
Natural disaster costs4
— — — 500 
Loss on warrants59 59 
Loss on debt extinguishment— 2,224 — 2,224 
Goodwill impairment charge8,795 — 64,632 191,788 
Tax impact of adjustments and other net tax items5
(17)(881)(385)(16,491)
Adjusted net loss$(27,741)$(11,559)$(102,482)$(46,296)
Adjusted net loss per common share:
Basic and diluted$(0.89)$(0.38)$(3.31)$(1.51)
Consolidated Adjusted EBIT and Adjusted EBITDA:
Net loss$(43,053)$(14,875)$(186,019)$(237,203)
Provision (benefit) for income taxes1,785 1,097 11,209 (14,715)
Interest expense, net17,340 7,971 46,308 29,818 
Foreign currency loss (gain)6
1,400 1,117 5,674 2,758 
Pension expense (credit)7
(102)137 (622)(244)
Gain on disposal(2,591)— (2,591)— 
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification— 2,224 — 2,224 
Loss on warrants59 — 59 — 
Professional fees and other1
5,775 1,076 8,882 5,062 
Legal costs2
398 21 7,243 1,947 
Severance charges, net3
302 876 3,106 5,877 
Natural disaster costs4
— — — 500 
Goodwill impairment charge8,795 — 64,632 191,788 
Consolidated Adjusted EBIT(9,892)(356)(42,119)(12,188)
Depreciation and amortization
Amount included in operating expenses4,819 5,588 20,210 23,105 
Amount included in SG&A expenses5,283 5,611 21,308 22,803 
Total depreciation and amortization10,102 11,199 41,518 45,908 
Non-cash share-based compensation costs1,437 2,234 7,013 6,307 
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA$1,647 $13,077 $6,412 $40,027 
Free Cash Flow:
Cash provided by (used in) operating activities$408 $32,599 $(35,453)$52,764 
Capital expenditures(5,229)(3,274)(17,605)(19,958)
Free Cash Flow$(4,821)$29,325 $(53,058)$32,806 
____________________________________
1    For the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2021, includes $0.2 million and $1.9 million, respectively, of costs associated with the Operating Group Reorganization (exclusive of restructuring costs). There were also $3.9 million related to costs associated with debt financing, $2.8 million of corporate support costs, and $0.3 million associated with the OneTEAM program (exclusive of restructuring costs). For the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2020, includes $0.6 million and $3.2 million, respectively, associated with the OneTEAM program (exclusive of restructuring costs).
2    For the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2021, primarily relates to accrued legal matters and other legal fees. For the three months and twelve months ended December 31, 2020, primarily relates to costs associated with international legal matters.
3    For the three months and twelve months ended December 31, 2021, $0.3 million and $2.9 million, respectively, associated with the Operating Group Reorganization and other continuing restructuring measures. For the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2020, severance charges are associated with the OneTEAM program, including international operations.
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4    Amount represents the insurance deductible for hurricane damage incurred for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020.
5    Represents the tax effect of the adjustments. Beginning in Q2 2021, we now use the statutory tax rate, net of valuation allowance by legal entity to determine the tax effect of the adjustments. Prior to Q2 2021, we used an assumed marginal tax rate of 21% except for the adjustment of the goodwill impairment charge in Q1 2020 for which the actual tax impact was used. We have updated the prior period tax impact to use the statutory tax rate by legal entity, net of valuation allowance.
6    Represents foreign currency gain/loss. For prior periods, includes other nominal fees.
7    Represents pension expense (credit) for the U.K. pension plan based on the difference between the expected return on plan assets and the cost of the discounted pension liability. The pension plan has had no new participants added since the plan was frozen in 1994 and accruals for future benefits ceased in connection with a plan curtailment in 2013.

TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (Continued)
(unaudited, in thousands)
Three Months Ended
December 31,
Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
2021202020212020
Segment Adjusted EBIT and Adjusted EBITDA:
IHT
Operating income (loss)$2,173 $5,052 $12,997 $(174,638)
Severance charges, net1
86 446 661 1,572 
Natural disaster costs2
— — — 21 
Goodwill impairment charge— — — 191,788 
Adjusted EBIT2,259 5,498 13,658 18,743 
Depreciation and amortization3,071 3,553 12,959 14,891 
Adjusted EBITDA$5,330 $9,051 $26,617 $33,634 
MS
Operating income (loss)$3,071 $5,377 $(47,728)$25,879 
Severance charges, net1
30 55 524 3,048 
Natural disaster costs2
— — — 479 
Goodwill impairment loss— — 55,837 — 
Adjusted EBIT3,101 5,432 8,633 29,406 
Depreciation and amortization5,068 5,457 20,500 21,854 
Adjusted EBITDA$8,169 $10,889 $29,133 $51,260 
Quest Integrity
Operating income (loss)$(6,252)$6,673 $900 $16,474 
Severance charges, net1
83 191 357 517 
Goodwill impairment loss8,795 — 8,795 — 
Adjusted EBIT2,626 6,864 10,052 16,991 
Depreciation and amortization600 845 2,616 3,587 
Adjusted EBITDA$3,226 $7,709 $12,668 $20,578 
Corporate and shared support services
Net loss$(44,636)$(31,977)$