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Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
______________________________________________________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
OR
    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number 001-08604
https://cdn.kscope.io/c98c0df7e54f9fcb69528ea2ba9cf4fa-tisi-20220331_g1.jpg
TEAM, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Delaware 74-1765729
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
13131 Dairy Ashford, Suite 600, Sugar Land, Texas
 77478
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
(281) 331-6154
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
None
(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.30 par valueTISINew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer 
Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer 
Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  ¨     No  þ
The Registrant had 43,121,579 shares of common stock, par value $0.30, outstanding as of May 6, 2022.


Table of Contents
INDEX
 
  Page No.

1

Table of Contents
PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
ASSETS(unaudited) 
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$53,698 $65,315 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $8,170 and $8,912, respectively
207,779 188,772 
Inventory36,436 35,754 
Income tax receivable3,673 3,349 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets66,470 59,868 
Total current assets368,056 353,058 
Property, plant and equipment, net160,189 161,359 
Operating lease right-of-use assets56,403 60,700 
Intangible assets, net86,572 89,898 
Goodwill25,249 25,243 
Defined benefit pension asset4,007 2,902 
Deferred income taxes262 792 
Other assets, net15,297 10,533 
Total assets$716,035 $704,485 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$41,137 $46,181 
Current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations670 669 
Current portion of operating lease obligations15,306 16,176 
Other accrued liabilities123,990 121,099 
Total current liabilities181,103 184,125 
Long-term debt and finance lease obligations455,815 405,191 
Operating lease obligations45,742 49,221 
Deferred income taxes2,837 4,185 
Other long-term liabilities3,468 9,896 
Total liabilities688,965 652,618 
Commitments and contingencies
Equity:
Preferred stock, 500,000 shares authorized, none issued
  
Common stock, par value $0.30 per share, 60,000,000 shares authorized; 43,121,579 and 31,214,714 shares issued
12,931 9,359 
Additional paid-in capital444,747 444,824 
Accumulated deficit(404,222)(375,584)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(26,386)(26,732)
Total equity27,070 51,867 
Total liabilities and equity$716,035 $704,485 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

Table of Contents

TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
Revenues$218,576 $194,618 
Operating expenses163,478 150,917 
Gross margin55,098 43,701 
Selling, general and administrative expenses71,285 66,124 
Restructuring and other related charges, net16 1,877 
Operating loss(16,203)(24,300)
Interest expense, net(18,605)(9,396)
Other income (expense)2,702 (950)
Loss before income taxes(32,106)(34,646)
(Provision) benefit for income taxes(356)355 
Net loss$(32,462)$(34,291)
Loss per common share:
Basic and diluted$(0.86)$(1.11)
Weighted-average number of shares outstanding:
Basic and diluted37,697 30,878 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

Table of Contents
TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
Net loss$(32,462)$(34,291)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustment346 217 
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax346 217 
Tax (provision) benefit attributable to other comprehensive income (loss) 102 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax346 319 
Total comprehensive loss$(32,116)$(33,972)
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings (Deficit)
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
SharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 202131,215 $9,359 $444,824 $(375,584)$(26,732)$51,867 
Adjustments for prior periods from adopting ASU 2020-06$(5,651)3,824 — (1,827)
Issuance of common stock11,905 3,572 6,196 — — 9,768 
Net loss— — — (32,462)— (32,462)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax— — — — 346 346 
Non-cash compensation2 — (624)— — (624)
Net settlement of vested stock awards— — 2 — — 2 
Balance at March 31, 202243,122 12,931 444,747 (404,222)(26,386)27,070 
Balance at December 31, 202030,874 $9,257 $422,589 $(189,565)$(27,678)$214,603 
Net loss— — — (34,291)— (34,291)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax— — — — 319 319 
Non-cash compensation— — 2,330 — — 2,330 
Net settlement of vested stock awards19 6 (107)— — (101)
Balance at March 31, 202130,893 $9,263 $424,812 $(223,856)$(27,359)$182,860 



See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


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TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20222021
Cash flows (used in) provided by operating activities:
Net loss$(32,462)$(34,291)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization10,031 10,959 
Write-off of deferred loan costs2,748  
Amortization of deferred loan costs and debt discounts8,397 2,040 
Allowance for credit losses67 352 
Foreign currency (gains) losses(185)1,122 
Deferred income taxes(799)(920)
Gain on asset disposals(2,306)(18)
Non-cash compensation (credits) costs(624)2,330 
Other, net(1,216)(1,219)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(18,546)(1,601)
Inventory(1,284)356 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(5,902)2,009 
Accounts payable(4,722)2,192 
Other accrued liabilities(2,884)327 
Income taxes(319)(821)
Net cash used in operating activities(50,006)(17,183)
Cash flows (used in) provided by investing activities:
Capital expenditures(7,068)(3,413)
Proceeds from disposal of assets3,026 29 
Net cash used in investing activities(4,042)(3,384)
Cash flows (used in) provided by financing activities:
Borrowings under ABL Credit Agreement, gross104,924  
Payments under ABL Credit Agreement, gross(235) 
Borrowings under ABL Facility, net 28,000 
Borrowings under ABL Facility, gross10,300 47,000 
Payments under ABL Facility, gross(72,300)(56,000)
Payments for debt issuance costs(10,345)(2,027)
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of share-based awards (101)
Issuance of common stock 9,767  
Other(145)(64)
Net cash provided by financing activities41,966 16,808 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents465 1,517 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(11,617)(2,242)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period65,315 24,586 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$53,698 $22,344 


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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TEAM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND PRACTICES
Description of Business. Unless otherwise indicated, the terms “we” “our” and “us” are used in this report to refer to either Team, Inc., to one or more of its consolidated subsidiaries or to all of them taken as a whole.
We are a global leading provider of integrated, digitally-enabled asset performance assurance and optimization solutions. We deploy conventional to highly specialized inspection, condition assessment, maintenance and repair services that result in greater safety, reliability and operational efficiency for our clients’ most critical assets. We conduct operations in three segments: Inspection and Heat Treating (“IHT”), Mechanical Services (“MS”) and Quest Integrity. Through the capabilities and resources in these three segments, we believe that we are uniquely qualified to provide integrated solutions: inspection to assess condition; engineering assessment to determine fitness for purpose in the context of industry standards and regulatory codes; and mechanical services to repair, rerate or replace based upon the client’s election. In addition, we are capable of escalating with the client’s needs, as dictated by the severity of the damage found and the related operating conditions, from standard services to some of the most advanced services and integrated asset integrity and reliability management solutions available in the industry. We also believe that we are unique in our ability to provide services in three distinct client demand profiles: (i) turnaround or project services, (ii) call-out services and (iii) nested or run-and-maintain services.
IHT provides conventional and advanced non-destructive testing (“NDT”) services primarily for the process, pipeline and power sectors, pipeline integrity management services, and field heat treating and thermal services, tank management solutions, and pipeline integrity solutions, as well as associated engineering and condition assessment services. These services can be offered while facilities are running (on-stream), during facility turnarounds or during new construction or expansion activities. IHT also provides advanced digital imaging including remote digital video imaging, laser scanning and laser profilometry-enabled reformer care services.
MS provides solutions designed to serve clients’ unique needs during both the operational (onstream) and off-line states of their assets. Our onstream services include our range of standard to custom-engineered leak repair and composite solutions; emissions control and compliance; hot tapping and line stopping; and on-line valve insertion solutions, which are delivered while assets are in an operational condition, which maximizes client production time. Asset shutdowns can be planned, such as a turnaround maintenance event, or unplanned, such as those due to component failure or equipment breakdowns. Our specialty maintenance, turnaround and outage services are designed to minimize client downtime and are primarily delivered while assets are off-line and often through the use of cross-certified technicians, whose multi-craft capabilities deliver the production needed to achieve tight time schedules. These critical services include on-site field machining; bolted-joint integrity; vapor barrier plug testing; and valve management solutions.
Quest Integrity provides integrity and reliability management solutions for the process, pipeline and power sectors. These solutions encompass two broadly-defined disciplines: (1) highly specialized in-line inspection services for historically unpiggable process piping and pipelines using proprietary in-line inspection tools and analytical software; and (2) advanced engineering and condition assessment services through a multi-disciplined engineering team and related lab support.
We market our services to companies in a diverse array of heavy industries which include:
Energy (refining, power, renewables, nuclear and liquefied natural gas);
Manufacturing and Process (chemical, petrochemical, pulp and paper industries, manufacturing, automotive and mining);
Midstream and Others (valves, terminals and storage, pipeline and offshore oil and gas);
Public Infrastructure (amusement parks, bridges, ports, construction and building, roads, dams and railways); and
Aerospace and Defense.
Recent Financing Transactions. On February 11, 2022, we entered into a credit agreement with the lender parties thereto, and Eclipse Business Capital, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, as agent, (“Eclipse”) (such agreement, the “ABL Credit Agreement”). Available funding commitments to the Company under the ABL Credit Agreement, subject to certain conditions, include a revolving credit line in an amount of up to $130.0 million to be provided by certain affiliates of Eclipse (the “Revolving Credit Loans”), with a $35.0 million sublimit for swingline borrowings and a $26.0 million sublimit for issuances of letters of credit, and an incremental delayed draw term loan of up to $35.0 million (the “Delayed Draw Term Loans”) to be provided by Corre (as defined below) (collectively the “ABL Credit Facility”). The ABL Credit Facility matures
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and all outstanding amounts become due and payable on February 11, 2025. The proceeds of the loans under the ABL Credit Agreement were used to, among other things, pay off the amounts owed under the Citi Credit Agreement (as defined in Note 11 - Long-Term Debt) dated as of December 18, 2020 (as amended from time to time), among the Company, the lenders party thereto and Citibank, N.A. as agent, which was repaid and terminated in full on February 11, 2022.
In connection with the transactions contemplated by the ABL Credit Agreement, Corre Partners Management, LLC and certain of its affiliates (collectively, “Corre”), agreed to provide the Company with incremental financing (the “Incremental Financing”), totaling approximately $55.0 million, consisting of (i) $35.0 million Delayed Draw Term Loans under the ABL Credit Facility as discussed above; (ii) $10.0 million from Corre in the form of the February 2022 Delayed Draw Term Loan (as defined in the Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement (as defined below)) on a pari passu basis with the existing loans issued pursuant to the Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement; and (iii) $10.0 million through an issuance of 11,904,762 shares (the “PIPE Shares”) of our common stock, to Corre Opportunities Qualified Master Fund, LP, Corre Horizon Fund, LP and Corre Horizon II Fund, LP (collectively, the “Corre Holders”) at a price of $0.84 per share (the “Equity Issuance”).
On May 6, 2022, we entered into separate amendments on certain of our credit facilities as follows:
ABL Credit Agreement: On May 6, 2022, we entered into Amendment No. 1 (the “ABL Credit Agreement Amendment No. 1”) to the ABL Credit Agreement. The ABL Credit Agreement Amendment No. 1, among other things, modifies the Maturity Reserve Trigger Date (as defined in the ABL Credit Agreement) such that the date on which a reserve must, subject to certain conditions, be put into place with respect to the outstanding principal amount of the 5.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023 (the”Notes”) is 75 days prior to their maturity date, instead of 120 days prior to their maturity date.
Atlantic Park Term Loan: On May 6, 2022, we entered into Amendment No. 7 (the “Seventh Amendment”) to the Term Loan Credit Agreement dated December 18, 2020, between the Company and Atlantic Park Strategic Capital Fund, L.P., as agent (“APSC”), as lender (the “Term Loan Credit Agreement”). The Seventh Amendment, among other things and subject to the terms thereof, (i) modifies the Maturity Trigger Date (as defined in the Term Loan Credit Agreement) such that the date on which the maturity of the Term Loan Credit Agreement is triggered as a result of there being an aggregate principal amount of more than $10.0 million outstanding under the Notes is 75 days prior to their maturity date instead of 120 days prior to their maturity date, and (ii) amends the financial covenants, such that the maximum net leverage ratio to be tested for the fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2023 will be increased from 7.00 to 1.00 to 12.00 to 1.00.
Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement: On May 6, 2022, we entered into Amendment No. 6 (the “Corre Amendment No. 6”) with the lenders from time to time party thereto (including Corre), and Cantor Fitzgerald Securities, as agent to the Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement dated November 9, 2021, by and among the Company, Corre Credit Fund, LLC (“Corre Fund”), as agent, and the lenders party thereto (the “Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement”). The Corre Amendment No. 6, among other things, amends the financial covenants, such that the maximum net leverage ratio to be tested for the fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2023 will be increased from 7.00 to 1.00 to 12.00 to 1.00.
Ongoing Effects of COVID-19.  The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic continues to affect our workforce and operations, as well as the operations of our clients, suppliers and contractors. During this period, we have continued to focus on the following key priorities:
the health and safety of our employees and business continuity;
the alignment of our business to the near-term market dynamics and demand for our services; and
our end market revenue diversification strategy.
The ultimate duration and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic remains unclear. However, we believe the increased availability and administration of COVID-19 vaccines, easing of pandemic related restrictions, reopening of economies, and increasing commodity prices are positive signs of broader economic recovery.
The extent of COVID-19’s effect on our operational and financial performance will depend on future developments, including the duration, spread and intensity of the pandemic (including any resurgences), the impact of the new COVID-19 variants, the continued rollout and acceptance of COVID-19 vaccines, and the level of social and economic restrictions imposed in the United States and abroad in an effort to curb the spread of the virus, all of which are uncertain and difficult to predict considering the rapidly evolving landscape.
Under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”), we qualified to defer the employer portion of social security taxes incurred through the end of calendar 2020. As of March 31, 2022, we have deferred employer payroll taxes of $7.1 million. As of December 31, 2021 we had $14.1 million outstanding and we paid $7.0 million of the deferred payroll taxes in January 2022, the remaining balance of $7.1 million is due at the end of 2022. Additionally, other governments in jurisdictions where we operate passed legislation to provide employers with relief programs, which include wage subsidy grants, deferral of certain payroll related expenses and tax payments and other benefits. We elected to treat qualified government subsidies from Canada and other governments as offsets to the related expenses. We recognized
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$0.6 million and $0.1 million as a reduction to operating expenses and selling, general and administrative expenses, respectively, during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and $2.0 million and $0.4 million as a reduction for operating expenses and selling, general and administrative expenses, respectively, during the three months ended March 31, 2021.
Basis for presentation. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of results for such periods. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. Certain disclosures have been condensed or omitted from the interim financial statements included in this report. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Consolidation. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of our subsidiaries where we have control over operating and financial policies. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Related Party Transactions. A related party transaction is any transaction, arrangement or relationship or series of similar transactions, arrangements or relationships (including the incurrence or issuance of any indebtedness or the guarantee of indebtedness) in which (1) the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a participant, and (2) any Related Party (as defined herein) has or will have a direct or indirect material interest.
A Related Party is any person who is, or, at any time since the beginning of the Company’s last fiscal year, was (1) an executive officer, director or nominee for election as a director of the Company or any of its subsidiaries, (2) a person with greater than five percent (5%) beneficial interest in the Company, (3) an immediate family member of any of the individuals or entities identified in (1) or (2) of this paragraph, and (4) any firm, corporation or other entity in which any of the foregoing individuals or entities is employed or is a general partner or principal or in a similar position or in which such person or entity has a five percent (5%) or greater beneficial interest. Immediate family members includes a person’s spouse, parents, stepparents, children, stepchildren, siblings, mothers- and fathers-in-law, sons- and daughters-in-law, brothers- and sisters-in-law and anyone residing in such person’s home, other than a tenant or employee.
Going Concern. These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) assuming the Company will continue as a going concern.
As of March 31, 2022, we are in compliance with our debt covenants.

As discussed above, the Company successfully negotiated amendments to our credit facilities including the financial covenants contained therein. In addition, we evaluated the Company’s liquidity within one year after the date of issuance of these condensed consolidated financial statements to determine if there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. In the preparation of this liquidity assessment, we applied judgment to estimate the projected cash flows of the Company, including the following: (i) projected cash outflows, (ii) projected cash inflows, and (iii) excess availability level under the Company’s existing debt arrangements. The cash flow projections were based on known or planned cash requirements for operating and financing costs. We believe, based on the Company’s forecast and the amendments entered in May 2022, that current working capital and capital expenditure financing is sufficient to fund the operations, maintain compliance with our debt covenants (as amended), and satisfy the Company’s obligations as they come due within one year after the date of issuance of these condensed consolidated financial statements. Our ability to maintain compliance with the financial covenants contained in the ABL Credit Facility, Term Loan Credit Agreement, and Subordinated Term Loan Credit Agreement is dependent upon our future operating performance and future financial condition, both of which are subject to various risks and uncertainties. Under the terms of our amended financing arrangements, each of the Maturity Reserve Trigger Date (as defined in the ABL Credit Agreement) and the Maturity Trigger Date (as defined in the Term Loan Credit Agreement) (collectively, the “Trigger Date”) is now May 18, 2023. While our lenders agreed on an extension and amended the financial covenants contained therein, there can be no assurance that our lenders will provide additional waivers or amendments in the event of future non-compliance with our debt covenants, or other possible events of default that could happen.
Use of estimates. Our accounting policies conform to GAAP. The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect our reported financial position and results of operations. We review significant estimates and judgments affecting our consolidated financial statements on a recurring basis and record the effect of any necessary adjustments prior to their publication. Estimates and judgments are based on information available at the time such estimates and judgments are made. Adjustments made with respect to the use of these estimates and judgments often relate to information not previously available. Uncertainties with respect to such estimates and judgments are inherent in the preparation of financial statements. Estimates and judgments are used in, among other things, (1) aspects of revenue recognition, (2) valuation of acquisition related tangible and intangible assets and assessments of all long-lived assets for possible impairment, (3) estimating various factors used to accrue liabilities for workers’ compensation, auto, medical, and general liability, (4) establishing an allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable, (5) estimating the useful lives
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of our assets, (6) assessing future tax exposure and the realization of tax assets, (7) selecting assumptions used in the measurement of costs and liabilities associated with defined benefit pension plans, (8) assessments of fair value and (9) managing our foreign currency risk in foreign operations. Our most significant accounting policies are described below.
Fair value of financial instruments. As defined in Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820 Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure (“ASC 820”), fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. We utilize market data or assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk and the risks inherent in the inputs to the valuation technique. These inputs can be readily observable, market corroborated, or generally unobservable. We primarily apply the market approach for recurring fair value measurements and endeavor to utilize the best information available. Accordingly, we utilize valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The use of unobservable inputs is intended to allow for fair value determinations in situations in which there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability at the measurement date. We are able to classify fair value balances based on the observability of those inputs. ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy such that “Level 1” measurements include unadjusted quoted market prices for identical assets or liabilities in an active market, “Level 2” measurements include quoted market prices for identical assets or liabilities in an active market which have been adjusted for items such as effects of restrictions for transferability and those that are not quoted but are observable through corroboration with observable market data, including quoted market prices for similar assets, and “Level 3” measurements include those that are unobservable and of a highly subjective measure.
Our financial instruments consist primarily of cash, cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and debt obligations. The carrying amount of cash, cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable and trade accounts payable are representative of their respective fair values due to the short-term maturity of these instruments. The fair value of our ABL Credit Facility and Term Loans defined below is representative of the carrying value based upon the variable terms and management’s opinion that the current rates available to us with the same maturity and security structure are equivalent to that of the debt. The fair value of our 5.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023 (the “Notes”) as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 is $86.1 million and $84.0 million, respectively, (inclusive of the fair value of the conversion option) and are a “Level 2” measurement, determined based on the observed trading price of these instruments. For additional information regarding our ABL Credit Facilities, Atlantic Park Term Loan, Subordinated Term Loan and Notes, see Note 11 - Long-Term Debt.
Cash and cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents consist of all deposits and funds invested in highly liquid short-term investments with original maturities of three months or less.
Inventory. Except for certain inventories that are valued based on weighted-average cost, we use the first-in, first-out method to value our inventory. Inventory includes material, labor, and certain fixed overhead costs. Inventory is stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Inventory quantities on hand are reviewed periodically and carrying cost is reduced to net realizable value for inventories for which their cost exceeds their utility. The cost of inventories consumed or products sold are included in operating expenses.
Property, plant and equipment. Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of their respective useful life or the lease term. Depreciation and amortization of assets are computed by the straight-line method over the following estimated useful lives of the assets:
ClassificationUseful Life
Buildings
20-40 years
Enterprise Resource Planning (“ERP”) System15 years
Leasehold improvements
2-15 years
Machinery and equipment
2-12 years
Furniture and fixtures
2-10 years
Computers and computer software
2-5 years
Automobiles
2-5 years
Goodwill and intangible assets. We allocate the purchase price of acquired businesses to their identifiable tangible assets and liabilities, such as accounts receivable, inventory, property, plant and equipment, accounts payable and accrued liabilities. We also allocate a portion of the purchase price to identifiable intangible assets, such as client relationships, non-compete agreements, trade names, technology, and licenses. Allocations are based on estimated fair values of assets and liabilities. We use all available information to estimate fair values including quoted market prices, the carrying value of acquired assets, and
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widely accepted valuation techniques such as discounted cash flows. Certain estimates and judgments are required in the application of the fair value techniques, including estimates of future cash flows, selling prices, replacement costs, economic lives, and the selection of a discount rate, as well as the use of “Level 3” measurements as defined in ASC 820. Deferred taxes are recorded for any differences between the assigned values and tax bases of assets and liabilities. Estimated deferred taxes are based on available information concerning the tax bases of assets acquired and liabilities assumed and loss carryforwards at the acquisition date, although such estimates may change in the future as additional information becomes known. Any remaining excess of cost over allocated fair values is recorded as goodwill. We typically engage third-party valuation experts to assist in determining the fair values for both the identifiable tangible and intangible assets. The judgments made in determining the estimated fair value assigned to each class of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, as well as asset lives, could materially impact our results of operations.
Goodwill and intangible assets acquired in a business combination determined to have an indefinite useful life are not amortized, but are instead tested for impairment, and assessed for potential triggering events, at least annually in accordance with the provisions of the ASC 350 Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (“ASC 350”). Intangible assets with estimated useful lives are amortized over their respective estimated useful lives to their estimated residual values and reviewed for impairment in accordance with ASC 350. We assess goodwill for impairment at the reporting unit level, which we have determined to be the same as our operating segments. Each reporting unit has goodwill relating to past acquisitions.
If the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, we measure any goodwill impairment losses as the amount by which the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. Our goodwill annual test date is December 1 of each year.
Income taxes. We follow the guidance of ASC 740 Income Taxes (“ASC 740”), which requires that we use the asset and liability method of accounting for deferred income taxes and provide deferred income taxes for all significant temporary differences. As part of the process of preparing our consolidated financial statements, we are required to estimate our income taxes in each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. This process involves estimating our actual current tax payable or receivable and related tax expense or benefit together with assessing temporary differences resulting from differing treatment of certain items, such as depreciation, for tax and accounting purposes. These differences can result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included within our consolidated balance sheets.
In accordance with ASC 740, we are required to assess the likelihood that our deferred tax assets will be realized and, to the extent we believe it is more likely than not (a likelihood of more than 50%) that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized, we must establish a valuation allowance. We consider all available evidence to determine whether, based on the weight of the evidence, a valuation allowance is needed. Evidence used includes the reversal of existing taxable temporary differences, taxable income in prior carryback years if carryback is permitted by tax law, information about our current financial position and our results of operations for the current and preceding years, as well as all currently available information about future years, including our anticipated future performance and tax planning strategies.
We regularly assess whether it is more likely than not that we will realize the deferred tax assets in the jurisdictions in which we operate. Management believes future sources of taxable income, reversing temporary differences and other tax planning strategies will be sufficient to realize the deferred tax assets for which no valuation allowance has been established. Our valuation allowance primarily relates to net operating loss carryforwards. While we have considered these factors in assessing the need for additional valuation allowance, there can be no assurance that additional valuation allowance would not need to be established in the future if information about future years change. Any changes in valuation allowance would impact our income tax provision and net income (loss) in the period in which such a determination is made.
Significant judgment is required in assessing the timing and amounts of deductible and taxable items for tax purposes. In accordance with ASC 740-10, we establish reserves for uncertain tax positions when, despite our belief that our tax return positions are supportable, we believe that it is not more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon challenge. When facts and circumstances change, we adjust these reserves through our provision for income taxes. To the extent interest and penalties may be assessed by taxing authorities on any related underpayment of income tax, such amounts have been accrued and are classified as a component of income tax expense (benefit) in our consolidated statements of operations.
Workers’ compensation, auto, medical and general liability accruals. In accordance with ASC 450 Contingencies (“ASC 450”), we record a loss contingency when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. We review our loss contingencies on an ongoing basis to ensure that we have appropriate reserves recorded on our balance sheet. These reserves are based on historical experience with claims incurred but not received, estimates and judgments made by management, applicable insurance coverage for litigation matters, and are adjusted as circumstances warrant. For workers’ compensation, our self-insured retention is $1.0 million and our automobile liability self-insured retention is currently $1.0 million per occurrence. For general liability claims, we have an effective self-insured
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retention of $1.0 million and a deductible of $2.0 million per occurrence. For medical claims, our self-insured retention is $400,000 per individual claimant determined on an annual basis. For environmental liability claims, our self-insured retention is $1.0 million per occurrence. We maintain insurance for claims that exceed such self-retention limits. The insurance is subject to terms, conditions, limitations, and exclusions that may not fully compensate us for all losses. Our estimates and judgments could change based on new information, changes in laws or regulations, changes in management’s plans or intentions, or the outcome of legal proceedings, settlements, or other factors. If different estimates and judgments were applied with respect to these matters, it is likely that reserves would be recorded for different amounts.
Allowance for credit losses. In the ordinary course of business, a portion of our accounts receivable are not collected due to billing disputes, customer bankruptcies, dissatisfaction with the services we performed and other various reasons. We establish an allowance to account for those accounts receivable that we estimate will eventually be deemed uncollectible. The allowance for credit losses is based on a combination of our historical experience and management’s review of long outstanding accounts receivable.
Concentration of credit risk. No single customer accounts for more than 10% of consolidated revenues.
Earnings (loss) per share. Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing income (loss) from continuing operations, income (loss) from discontinued operations or net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing income (loss) from continuing operations, income (loss) from discontinued operations or net income (loss) by the sum of (1) the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period, (2) the dilutive effect of the assumed exercise of share-based compensation using the treasury stock method and (3) the dilutive effect of the assumed conversion of our Notes under the treasury stock method. Our current intent is to settle the principal amount of our Notes in cash upon conversion. If the conversion value exceeds the principal amount, we may elect to deliver shares of our common stock with respect to the remainder of our conversion obligation in excess of the aggregate principal amount (the “conversion spread”). Accordingly, the conversion spread is included in the denominator for the computation of diluted earnings per common share using the treasury stock method and the numerator is adjusted for any recorded gain or loss, net of tax, on the embedded derivative associated with the conversion feature.
For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, all outstanding share-based compensation awards were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share because their inclusion would be antidilutive due to the loss from continuing operations in those periods. Also, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Notes were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share since the conversion price exceeded the average price of our common stock during the applicable periods. For information regarding our Notes and our share-based compensation awards, refer to Note 11 and Note 14, respectively.
Non-cash investing and financing activities. Non-cash investing and financing activities are excluded from the consolidated statements of cash flows and are as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
(unaudited)
Assets acquired under finance lease$23 $22 
Also, we had $3.6 million and $2.4 million of accrued capital expenditures as of March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, respectively, which are excluded from the consolidated statements of cash flows until paid.
Foreign currency. For subsidiaries whose functional currency is not the U.S. Dollar, assets and liabilities are translated at period ending rates of exchange and revenues and expenses are translated at period average exchange rates. Translation adjustments for the asset and liability accounts are included as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in stockholders’ equity. Foreign currency transaction gains and losses are included in our statements of operations.
We have historically executed a foreign currency hedging program to mitigate the foreign currency risk in countries where we have significant assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the functional currency. We historically utilized monthly foreign currency swap contracts to reduce exposures to changes in foreign currency exchange rates related to our largest exposures including, but not limited to the Brazilian Real, British Pound, Canadian Dollar, Euro, Malaysian Ringgit, Mexican Peso and Singapore Dollar. There were no foreign currency swap contracts outstanding during the three months ended March 31, 2022, and the impact from swap contracts was not material for the three months ended March 31, 2021.
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Defined benefit pension plans. Pension benefit costs and liabilities are dependent on assumptions used in calculating such amounts. The primary assumptions include factors such as discount rates, expected investment return on plan assets, mortality rates and retirement rates. These rates are reviewed annually and adjusted to reflect current conditions. These rates are determined based on reference to yields. The expected return on plan assets is derived from detailed periodic studies, which include a review of asset allocation strategies, anticipated future long-term performance of individual asset classes, risks (standard deviations) and correlations of returns among the asset classes that comprise the plans’ asset mix. While the studies give appropriate consideration to recent plan performance and historical returns, the assumptions are primarily long-term, prospective rates of return. Mortality and retirement rates are based on actual and anticipated plan experience. In accordance with GAAP, actual results that differ from the assumptions are accumulated and are subject to amortization over future periods and, therefore, generally affect recognized expense in future periods. While we believe that the assumptions used are appropriate, differences in actual experience or changes in assumptions may affect the pension obligation and future expense.
Reclassifications. Certain amounts in prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. Such reclassifications did not have any effect on our financial condition or results of operations as previously reported.
Newly Adopted Accounting Standards
ASU No. 2019-12. In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740) Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, that simplifies the accounting for income taxes by eliminating some exceptions to the general approach in ASC 740, Income Taxes as well as clarifies aspects of existing guidance to promote more consistent application. ASU 2019-12 clarifies and amends existing guidance related to intraperiod tax allocation and calculations, recognition of deferred taxes for change in ownership group, evaluation of a step-up in the tax basis of goodwill and other clarifications. Our adoption of this ASU as of January 1, 2021 did not have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements.
ASU No. 2020-06. In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity, which simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments by eliminating certain separation models and will generally be reported as a single liability at its amortized cost. In addition, ASU 2020-06 eliminates the treasury stock method to calculate diluted earnings per share for convertible instruments and requires the use of the if-converted method. On January 1, 2022, we adopted the ASU using the modified retrospective method. We recognized a cumulative effect of initially applying the ASU as an adjustment to the January 1, 2022 opening accumulated deficit balance. The prior period consolidated financial statements have not been retrospectively adjusted and continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. Refer to Note 11 - Long-Term Debt for impact on the adoption of this ASU as of January 1, 2022.
Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
ASU No. 2020-04. In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. The guidance in ASU 2020-04 and ASU 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Scope, which was issued in January 2021, provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contract modifications and hedging relationships, subject to meeting certain criteria that reference LIBOR or another rate that is expected to be discontinued. The amendments in ASU 2020-04 are effective for all entities as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. While we are currently determining whether we will elect the optional expedients, we do not expect our adoption of these ASU’s to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

2. REVENUE
In accordance with ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, (“ASC 606”) we follow a five-step process to recognize revenue: 1) identify the contract with the customer, 2) identify the performance obligations, 3) determine the transaction price, 4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations, and 5) recognize revenue when the performance obligations are satisfied.
Most of our contracts with customers are short-term in nature and billed on a time and materials basis, while certain other contracts are at a fixed price. Certain contracts may contain a combination of fixed and variable elements. We act as a principal and have performance obligations to provide the service itself or oversee the services provided by any subcontractors. Revenue is measured based on consideration specified in a contract with a customer and excludes amounts collected on behalf of third parties, such as taxes assessed by governmental authorities. Generally, in contracts where the amount of consideration is variable, the amount is determinable each period based on our right to invoice (as discussed further below) the customer for services performed to date. As most of our contracts contain only one performance obligation, the allocation of a contract transaction price to multiple performance obligations is generally not applicable. Customers are generally billed as we satisfy our performance obligations and payment terms typically range from 30 to 90 days from the invoice date. Billings under certain
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fixed-price contracts may be based upon the achievement of specified milestones, while some arrangements may require advance customer payment. Our contracts do not include significant financing components since the contracts typically span less than one year. Contracts generally include an assurance type warranty clause to guarantee that the services comply with agreed specifications. The warranty period typically is twelve months or less from the date of service.
Revenue is recognized as (or when) the performance obligations are satisfied by transferring control over a service or product to the customer. Revenue recognition guidance prescribes two recognition methods (over time or point in time). Most of our performance obligations qualify for recognition over time because we typically perform our services on customer facilities or assets and customers receive the benefits of our services as we perform. Where a performance obligation is satisfied over time, the related revenue is also recognized over time using the method deemed most appropriate to reflect the measure of progress and transfer of control. For our time and materials contracts, we are generally able to elect the right-to-invoice practical expedient, which permits us to recognize revenue in the amount to which we have a right to invoice the customer if that amount corresponds directly with the value to the customer of our performance completed to date. For our fixed price contracts, we typically recognize revenue using the cost-to-cost method, which measures the extent of progress towards completion based on the ratio of costs incurred to date to the total estimated costs at completion of the performance obligation. Under this method, revenue is recognized proportionately as costs are incurred. For contracts where control is transferred at a point in time, revenue is recognized at the time control of the asset is transferred to the customer, which is typically upon delivery and acceptance by the customer.
Disaggregation of revenue. A disaggregation of our revenue from contracts with customers by geographic region, by reportable operating segment and by service type is presented below (in thousands):
Geographic area:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
(unaudited)(unaudited)
United States and CanadaOther CountriesTotalUnited States and CanadaOther CountriesTotal
Revenue:
IHT$93,376 $2,219 $95,595 $89,225 $1,914 $91,139 
MS63,931 29,510 93,441 60,046 27,350 87,396 
Quest Integrity14,691 14,849 29,540 9,055 7,028 16,083 
Total$171,998 $46,578 $218,576 $158,326 $36,292 $194,618 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
(unaudited)
Non-Destructive Evaluation and Testing ServicesRepair and Maintenance ServicesHeat TreatingOtherTotal
Revenue:
IHT$76,449 $24 $13,839 $5,283 $95,595 
MS 91,770 57 1,614 93,441 
Quest Integrity29,540    29,540 
Total$105,989 $91,794 $13,896 $6,897 $218,576 

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Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
Non-Destructive Evaluation and Testing ServicesRepair and Maintenance ServicesHeat TreatingOtherTotal
Revenue:
IHT$71,530 $81 $13,455 $6,073 $91,139 
MS 85,976 689 731 87,396 
Quest Integrity16,083    16,083 
Total$87,613 $86,057 $14,144 $6,804 $194,618 
For additional information on our reportable operating segments and geographic information, refer to Note 17.
Contract balances. The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in trade accounts receivable, contract assets and contract liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets. Trade accounts receivable include billed and unbilled amounts currently due from customers and represent unconditional rights to receive consideration. The amounts due are stated at their net estimated realizable value. Refer to Notes 1 and 3 for additional information on our trade receivables and the allowance for credit losses. Contract assets include unbilled amounts typically resulting from sales under fixed-price contracts when the cost-to-cost method of revenue recognition is utilized, the revenue recognized exceeds the amount billed to the customer and the right to payment is conditional on something other than the passage of time. Amounts may not exceed their net realizable value. If we receive advances or deposits from our customers, a contract liability is recorded. Additionally, a contract liability arises if items of variable consideration result in less revenue being recorded than what is billed. Contract assets and contract liabilities are generally classified as current.
The following table provides information about trade accounts receivable, contract assets and contract liabilities as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 (in thousands):
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021Change
(unaudited)
Trade accounts receivable, net1
$207,779 $188,772 $19,007 
Contract assets2
$1,011 $1,602 $(591)
Contract liabilities3
$1,588 $313 $1,275 
_________________
1    Includes billed and unbilled amounts, net of allowance for credit losses. See Note 3 for details.    
2    Included in the “Prepaid expenses and other current assets” line on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
3    Included in the “Other accrued liabilities” line of the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The $0.6 million decrease in our contract assets from December 31, 2021 to March 31, 2022 is due to less fixed price contracts in progress at March 31, 2022 as compared to December 31, 2021. Contract liabilities increased by $1.3 million as of March 31, 2022. The increase is associated with contracts under which customers have paid for all or a portion of the consideration in advance of the work being performed. Due to the short-term nature of our contracts, contract liability balances as of the end of any period are generally recognized as revenue in the following quarter. Accordingly, essentially all of the contract liability balance at December 31, 2021 was recognized as revenue during the quarter ended March 31, 2022.
Contract costs. We recognize the incremental costs of obtaining contracts as selling, general and administrative expenses when incurred if the amortization period of the asset that otherwise would have been recognized is one year or less. Costs to fulfill a contract are recorded as assets if they relate directly to a contract or a specific anticipated contract, the costs to generate or enhance resources that will be used in satisfying performance obligations in the future and the costs are expected to be recovered. Costs to fulfill recognized as assets primarily consist of labor and materials costs and generally relate to engineering and set-up costs incurred prior to the satisfaction of performance obligations begins. Assets recognized for costs to fulfill a contract are included in the “Prepaid expenses and other current assets” line of the condensed consolidated balance sheets and were not material as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. Such assets are recognized as expenses as we transfer the related goods or services to the customer. All other costs to fulfill a contract are expensed as incurred.
Remaining performance obligations. As of March 31, 2022 and 2021, there were no material amounts of remaining performance obligations that are required to be disclosed. As permitted by ASC 606, we have elected not to disclose information about remaining performance obligations where (i) the performance obligation is part of a contract that has an
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original expected duration of one year or less or (ii) when we recognize revenue from the satisfaction of the performance obligation in accordance with the right-to-invoice practical expedient.

3. RECEIVABLES
A summary of accounts receivable as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 is as follows (in thousands): 
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
 (unaudited) 
Trade accounts receivable$170,654 $161,751 
Unbilled receivables45,295 35,933 
Allowance for credit losses(8,170)(8,912)
Total$207,779 $188,772 
ASC 326, Credit Losses, applies to financial assets measured at amortized cost, including trade and unbilled accounts receivable, and requires immediate recognition of lifetime expected credit losses. Significant factors that affect the expected collectability of our receivables include macroeconomic trends and forecasts in the oil and gas, refining, power, and petrochemical markets and changes in our results of operations and forecasts. For unbilled receivables, we consider them as short-term in nature as they are normally converted to trade receivables within 90 days, thus future changes in economic conditions will not have a significant effect on the credit loss estimate. We have identified the following factors that primarily impact the collectability of our receivables and therefore determine the pools utilized to calculate expected credit losses: (i) the aging of the receivable, (ii) any identification of known collectability concerns with specific receivables, and (iii) variances in economic risk characteristics across geographic regions.
For trade receivables, customers typically are provided with payment due date terms of 30 days upon issuance of an invoice. We have tracked historical loss information for our trade receivables and compiled historical credit loss percentages for different aging categories. We believe that the historical loss information we have compiled is a reasonable basis on which to determine expected credit losses for trade receivables because the composition of the trade receivables is consistent with that used in developing the historical credit-loss percentages as typically our customers and payment terms do not change significantly. Generally, a longer outstanding receivable equates to a higher percentage of the outstanding balance as current expected credit losses. We update the historical loss information for current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the expected collectability of the trade receivable using a loss-rate approach. We have not seen a negative trend in the current economic environment that significantly impacts our historical credit-loss percentages; however, we will continue to monitor for changes that would indicate the historical loss information is no longer a reasonable basis for the determination of our expected credit losses. Our forecasted loss rates inherently incorporate expected macroeconomic trends. A loss-rate method for estimating expected credit losses on a pooled basis is applied for each aging category for receivables that continue to exhibit similar risk characteristics.
To measure expected credit losses for individual receivables with specific collectability risk, we identify specific factors based on customer-specific facts and circumstances that are unique to each customer. Customer accounts with different risk characteristics are separately identified and a specific reserve is determined for these accounts based on the assessed credit risk.
We have also identified the following geographic regions in which to distinguish our trade receivables: the (i) United States, (ii) Canada, (iii) the European Union, (iv) the United Kingdom, and (v) other countries. These geographic regions are considered appropriate as they each operate in different economic environments with different foreign currencies, and therefore share similar economic risk characteristics. For each geographic region we evaluate the historical loss information and determine credit-loss percentages to apply to each aging category and individual receivable with specific risk characteristics. We estimate future expected credit losses based on forecasted changes in gross domestic product and oil demand for each region.
We consider one year from the financial statement reporting date as representing a reasonable forecast period as this period aligns with the expected collectability of our trade receivables. Financial distress experienced by our customers could have an adverse impact on us in the event our customers are unable to remit payment for the products or services we provide or otherwise fulfill their obligations to us. In determining the current expected credit losses, we review macroeconomic conditions, market specific conditions, and internal forecasts to identify potential changes in our assessment.
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The following table shows a rollforward of the allowance for credit losses (in thousands):
 March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
 (unaudited)
Balance at beginning of period$8,912 $9,918 
Provision for expected credit losses66 2,193 
Write-offs(830)(3,143)
Foreign exchange effects22 (56)
Balance at end of period$8,170 $8,912 


4. INVENTORY
A summary of inventory as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 is as follows (in thousands): 
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
 (unaudited) 
Raw materials$8,050 $7,641 
Work in progress3,262 2,725 
Finished goods25,124 25,388 
Total$36,436 $35,754 

5. PREPAID AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS
A summary of prepaid and other current assets as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 is as follows (in thousands):
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
 (unaudited) 
Insurance receivable$39,000 $39,000 
Prepaid expenses13,763 12,645 
Other current assets13,707 8,223 
Total$66,470 $59,868 
The insurance receivable relates to the receivable from our third-party insurance providers for a legal claim that is recorded in other accrued liabilities, refer to Note 9. These receivables will be covered by our third-party insurance providers for a litigation matter that has been settled or are pending settlements where the deductibles have been satisfied. The prepaid expenses primarily relate to prepaid insurance and other expenses that have been paid in advance of the coverage period. The other current assets primarily include items such as contract assets, receivable from third party, and other accounts receivables.

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6. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
A summary of property, plant and equipment as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 is as follows (in thousands):
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
 (unaudited) 
Land$5,208 $5,743 
Buildings and leasehold improvements57,902 58,972 
Machinery and equipment304,018 306,366 
Furniture and fixtures11,555 11,642 
Capitalized ERP system development costs45,917 45,917 
Computers and computer software22,281 22,243 
Automobiles4,326 4,356 
Construction in progress20,938 16,565 
Total472,145 471,804 
Accumulated depreciation(311,956)(310,445)
Property, plant and equipment, net$160,189 $161,359 
Included in the table above are assets under finance leases of $6.7 million and $6.7 million, net of accumulated amortization of $1.7 million and $1.6 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. Depreciation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was $6.5 million and $7.5 million, respectively.

7. INTANGIBLE ASSETS
A summary of intangible assets as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 is as follows (in thousands): 
 March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
 (unaudited)   
 Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Carrying
Amount
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Carrying
Amount
Customer relationships$175,130 $(91,862)$83,268 $175,156 $(88,783)$86,373 
Non-compete agreements5,509 (5,509) 5,503 (5,503) 
Trade names24,710 (22,367)2,343 24,743 (22,252)2,491 
Technology7,834 (6,933)901 7,843 (6,885)958 
Licenses847 (787)60 850 (774)76 
Total$214,030 $(127,458)$86,572 $214,095 $(124,197)$89,898 
Amortization expense of intangible assets for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021 was $3.5 million and $3.4 million, respectively. Amortization expense for intangible assets is forecast to be approximately $13 million per year from 2022 through 2025.
The weighted-average amortization period for intangible assets subject to amortization was 13.7 years as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.

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8. GOODWILL AND IMPAIRMENT CHARGES
Goodwill and intangible assets acquired in a business combination determined to have an indefinite useful life are not amortized, but are instead tested for impairment, and assessed for potential triggering events, at least annually in accordance with the provisions of the ASC 350 Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (“ASC 350”). Intangible assets with estimated useful lives are amortized over their respective estimated useful lives to their estimated residual values and reviewed for impairment in accordance with ASC 350. We assess goodwill for impairment at the reporting unit level, which we have determined to be the same as our operating segments. If the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, we measure any goodwill impairment losses as the amount by which the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit.
We test for impairment of our reporting units annually on December 1, and between annual tests if we become aware of an event or a change in circumstances that would indicate the carrying value may be impaired.
Management did not become aware of an event or a change in circumstances that would indicate the carrying value may be impaired for the period ended March 31, 2022. We will continue to evaluate our goodwill and long-lived assets for potential triggering events as conditions warrant.
During 2021, we determined that a triggering event had occurred as it was more likely than not that the carrying values of our reporting units exceeded their fair values as a result of the curtailment of operations and sustained declines in our stock price through September 30, 2021. Based upon our 2021 impairment assessment, we determined the carrying amount of our MS reporting unit exceeded the fair value in 2021. As a result, we recorded $55.8 million in goodwill impairment charges on our MS reporting unit during the three months ended September 30, 2021. The fair value of the Quest Integrity reporting unit exceeded its carrying value at September 30, 2021. Our IHT reporting unit has no goodwill associated as it was determined to be fully impaired on March 31, 2020. Additionally, based on the annual quantitative assessment performed on December 1, 2021, we concluded that the carrying amount of our Quest Integrity reporting unit exceeded the fair value. As a result, we recorded $8.8 million in goodwill impairment charges on our Quest Integrity reporting unit during the three months ended December 31, 2021.
There was $25.2 million of goodwill at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. The following table presents a rollforward of goodwill for the three months ended March 31, 2022 as follows (in thousands): 
 IHTMSQuest IntegrityConsolidated
 Goodwill, GrossAccumulated ImpairmentGoodwill, NetGoodwill, GrossAccumulated ImpairmentGoodwill, NetGoodwill, GrossAccumulated ImpairmentGoodwill, NetGoodwill, GrossAccumulated ImpairmentGoodwill, Net
Balance at December 31, 2021$212,928 $(212,928)$ $109,938 $(109,938)$ $34,038 $(8,795)$25,243 $356,904 $(331,661)$25,243 
FX Adjustments— — — — — — 6 — 6 6 — 6 
Balance at March 31, 2022$212,928 $